ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

KUMASHIRO, TOSHIYUKI and RONALD W. LANGACKER (2003). Double-subject and complex-predicate constructions.

URL: http://www.degruyter.de/journals/cogling/pdf/14_1.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-03-08).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 730&langcode=jpn (2018-10-23).

 

Example #1:

    (1)    Taroo-ga hana-ga hikui.                                    [Japanese]
    Taro-S        nose-S low
    `Taro has a flat nose.'
Example #2:

    (2)    Nihonjin-ga kome-ga shushoku-da.
    Japanese-S rice-S        staple:food-be
    `The Japanese have rice as their staple food.'
Example #3:

    (29)     Taroo-ga fuku-ga        itsumo hade-da.
    Taro-S      clothes-S always gaudy-be
    `Taro always has gaudy clothes.'
Example #4:

    (30)     Rokugatsu-ga ame-ga yoku furu.
    June-S           rain-S often fall
    `June always has a lot of rain.'
Example #5:

    (31)     Taroo-ga sashimi-ga tabe-rare-ru.
    Taro-S      sashimi-S eat-POT-IMPRF
    `Taro can eat sashimi.'
Example #6:

    (32)     Kono koosokudooro-ga ookuno torakku-ga            tooru.
    this    freeway-S           many     truck-S      pass
    `This freeway has many trucks pass on it.'
Example #7:

    (33)     Kono setchakuzai-ga kawa-ga         yoku tsuku.
    this adhesive-S          leather-S well get:glued
    `This adhesive glues leather well.'
Example #8:

    (34)     Koko-ga Fujisan-ga           yoku   mieru.
    here-S     Mount:Fuji-S well        be:seen
    `This place has a good view of Mt. Fuji.'
Example #9:

    (35)   ??Yamada-sensei-ga           okosan-ga o-chiisai.
    Yamada-teacher-S             child-S      HON-small
    `Professor Yamada         has a small child.'
Example #10:

    (36)   Yamada-sensei-ga            okusan-ga o-wakai.
    Yamada-teacher-S            wife-S       HON-young
    `Professor Yamada         has a young wife.'
Example #11:

    (37)   Yamada-sensei-ga           jibun-no oshiego-ga Ejiputo-ni sun-deiru.
    Yamada-teacher-S           self-GEN student-S Egypt-in live-STAT
    `Professor Yamada         has his student living in Egypt.'
Example #12:

    gakkoo-de                     ichiban-da.
    school-at                     number:one-be
    `Professor Yamada         has his son rank first at his school.'
Example #13:

    (39)   ??Yamada-sensei-ga Taroo-ga oigosan-nara . . .
    Yamada-teacher-S Taro-S        nephew-if
    `If Professor Yamada has Taro as his nephew . . . '
Example #14:

    (40)   Yamada-sensei-ga me-ga zuibun juuketsu-shi-teiru (koto)
    Yamada-teacher-S eye-S very inflammation-do-STAT (that)
    `(that) Professor Yamada has very red eyes'
Example #15:

    (41)    Taroo-ga aisukuriimu-ga suki-na (koto)
    Taro-S      ice:cream-S       like-be (that)
    `(that) Taro likes ice cream'
Example #16:

    (42)    Taroo-ga hebi-ga          kowai rasii (koto)
    Taro-S       snake-S scary seem (that)
    `(that) Taro seems to be afraid of snakes'
Example #17:

    (43)    Hanako-ga keisan-ga              hayai (koto)
    Hanako-S       calculation-S quick (that)
    `(that) Hanako is quick at calculating'
Example #18:

    juuketsu-nasat-teiru             (koto)
    inflammation-do: HON-STAT        (that)
    `(that) Professor Yamada has very red eyes'
Example #19:

    (45) *watashi-ga sensei-ga o-suki-na           (koto)
    I-S             teacher-S HON-like-be (that)
    `(that) I like the teacher'
Example #20:

    me-ga        juuketsu-shi-teiru       (koto)
    eye-S        inflammation-STAT (that)
    `(that) Taro has the reddest eyes in his class'
Example #21:

    (47)    *watashi-ga Taroo-ga jibun-no kurasu-de ichiban suki-na (koto)
    I-S            Taro-S self-GEN class-in most like-be (that)
    `(that) I like Taro best in his class'
Example #22:

    (48)    Yamada-sensei-ga me-ga zuibun juuketsu-shi-teiru-nara . . .
    Yamada-teacher-S eye-S very inflammation-do-STAT-if
    `If Professor Yamada has very red eyes . . . '