ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Lee, Young-Suk (1993). Scrambling as Case-Driven Obligatory Movement.

URL: http://www.ircs.upenn.edu/download/techreports/1993/93-06.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-03-29).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 829&langcode=kor (2019-04-26).

 

Example #1:

    (7)    a. Sunhee-ka Youlee-eykey chayk han kwen]-ul senmwulhayssta
    Sunhee-nom Youlee-dat book one CL]-acc gave-a-present
    `Sunhee gave a book to Youlee as a present.'
Example #2:

    sayngkakhanta
    think
    `I think Sunhee gavea book toYoulee as a present.'
Example #3:

    sayngkakhanta
    think
    `I think that Sunhee gave a book to Youlee as a present.'
Example #4:

    tulessta-nunkes-ul] a-nunci]      kwungkumhata]
    brokein-comp-acc know-whether wonder
    `I wonder whether Minho knows that his house has been broken into.'
Example #5:

    malhayssta
    said
    `Minho said that Younghee's house had been broken into.'
Example #6:

    tulessta-nunkes-ul] anu-nyako] mwulessta]
    broke in-comp-acc know-qm asked
    `Younghee asked whether Minho knew that his house had been broken into.'
Example #7:

    (21)       miyekkuk-ul          mekta
    seaweed soup-acc eat
    idiomatic: `fail in an exam'
Example #8:

    (22)     engdengi-lul pwutita
    hip-acc         put on
    idiomatic: `sit down'
Example #9:

    (23)     nokcho-ka            toyta
    melted candle-nom become
    idiomatic: `be totally exhausted'
Example #10:

    (24)     ttong-i thata
    shit-nom be burnt
    idiomatic: `to be extremely anxious'
Example #11:

    (25) Kim-i nwunmwul huliessta
    Kim-nom tear exuded
    `Kim brokeinto tears.'
Example #12:

    (26) *sonyen wusessta
    boy laughed
    `A boy laughed.'
Example #13:

    (27)    ?ti sakwa-lul hwumchiessta, Johni -i
    apple-acc stole            John-nom
    `John stole the apple.'
Example #14:

    (29) Minho-ka ti malhayssta, Younghee-ka caki-lul coahanta-ko]i
    Minho-nom ti said             Younghee-nom self-acc like-comp]
    `Minho said that Younghee likes him.'
Example #15:

    (32) ?* John-i ti coaha-ni, Minho-lul
    John-nom like-qm Minho-acc
    `Does John like Minho?'
Example #16:

    (36) Kim-un yekwen sincang wuntong-ul cekkuk cicihanta
    Kim-top feminism movement-acc hard support
    `Kim strongly supports the feminism movement.'
Example #17:

    (37) yekwen sincang wuntongi-ul Kim-un ti cekkuk cicihanta
    feminism movement-acc Kim-top hard support
    `Kim strongly supports the feminism movement.'
Example #18:

    (38) Kim-un yekwuen sincang wuntong-ul cekkuk cicihanta
    Kim-top feminism movement-acc hard support
    `As for Kim, he strongly supports the feminism movement.'
Example #19:

    (39) Kim-i yekwuen sincang wuntong-un cekkuk cicihanta
    Kim-nom feminism movement-top         hard support
    `Kim strongly supports the feminism movement, (but not other things).'
Example #20:

    (40) John-un Boston-ey kassta
    John-top Boston-loc went
    (ii) contrast: `As for John, he went to Boston (but not other people).'
Example #21:

    (41) Kim-eykey-nun cacenke-ka kkok philyohata
    Kim-dat-top bicycle-nom really is in need of
    `As for Kim, he is really in need of a bicycle (as opposed to other people).'
Example #22:

    (42) Bostoni-ey-nun John-i ti kassta
    Boston-loc-top John-nom went
    contrast: `As for Boston, John went there.'
Example #23:

    (44) yemso-nun congi-lul coahanta
    goat-top paper-acc like
    theme: `Speaking of goats, they like papers.'
Example #24:

    (45) congii -lul yemso-nun ti coahanta
    paper-acc goat-top         like
    `Papers, goats like, (but not other animals).'
Example #25:

    sakoai-nun Minho-ka ti coahanta
    apple-top Minho-nom likes
    `Apples, Minho likes.'
Example #26:

    * sakoa-nun Minho-ka kukes(tul)-ul coahanta
    apple-top Minho-nom it(pl)-acc   likes
    `Apples, Minho likes them.'
Example #27:

    Jihoi-nun Minho-ka ti coahayssta
    Jiho-top Minho-nom liked
    `Jiho, Minho liked.'
Example #28:

    b. naj-eykey Minhoi -nun Younghee-ka tj ti           sokayhay-cwuessta
    I-dat Minho-top Younghee-nom                      introduce-gave
    `Tome, Younghee introduced Minho.'
Example #29:

    nay-ka Minhoi -nun Younghee-ka ti coahanta-ko] malhayssta
    I-nom Minho-top Younghee-nom like-comp said
    `I said that Minho, Younghee likes.'
Example #30:

    *nay-ka Minhoi-nun Younghee-ka ku-lul coahanta-ko] malhayssta
    I-nom Minho-top Younghee-nom he-acc like-comp said
    `I said that Minho,Younghee likes him.'
Example #31:

    Minhoi-nun S Rel ti        tj ipko iss-nun] osj ]-i      telepta
    Minho-top                     is wearing-rel cloth-nom is dirty
    `Minho, the cloth that     (he) is wearing is dirty.'
Example #32:

    Minho-nun S Rel ku-ka tj ipko iss-nun] osj]-i           telepta
    Minho-top            he-nom is wearing-rel cloth-nom is dirty
    `Minho, the cloth that he is wearing is dirty.'
Example #33:

    Minho-nun,nay-ka Rel ti ku-lul coaha-nun] yecai-lul anta
    Minho-top I-sc nom              he-acc like-rel      woman-acc know
    `Minho, I know the woman who likes him.'
Example #34:

    a. * pro       apeci]-ka nwukwu-eykey-na yongton-ul cwunta
    pro-gen father-nom everyone-dat-uq money-acc gives
    `His father gives everyone money.'
Example #35:

    a. * pro    chinkwu]-ka nwukwu-lul paypanhayss-ni
    pro-gen friend-nom who-acc      betrayed-Q
    `Who did his friend betray?'
Example #36:

    a. *Younghee-ka ku-eykey Minswu-uy sacin]-ul           poyecwuessta
    Younghee-nom him-dat Minswu-gen picture-acc showed
    `Younghee showed him Minswu's picture'
Example #37:

    a. Minswu-uy tongsayng]-i ku-eykey sacin-ul         poyecwuessta
    Minswu-gen brother-nom him-dat picture-acc showed
    `Minswu's brother showed him a picture.'
Example #38:

    a. nay-ka Minswu-uy pwumo]-eykey ku-lul tolyeponayssta
    I-nom Minswu-gen parent-dat he-acc returned
    `I returned him to Minswu's parents.'
Example #39:

    a. *ku-ka Minswu-uy apeci]-eykey nay sacin-ul poyecwuessta
    he-nom Minswu-gen father-dat my picture-acc showed
    `He showed Minswu's father my picture.'
Example #40:

    a. *ku-ka Minswu-uy emma]-lul coahanta
    he-nom Minswu-gen mother-acc like
    `He likes Minswu's mother.'
Example #41:

    sayngkakhanta
    think
    `He thinks that Younghee met Minswu's parents.'
Example #42:

    yaksokhayssta
    promised
    `I promised him that I would take good care of Minswu's parents.'
Example #43:

    yaksokhayssta
    promised
    `I promised Minswu's parents that I would takegoodcareof him.'
Example #44:

    (99) a. nwukwu-ka nay-ka caki-uy emma-lul hyungpoassta-ko] sayngkakha-ni
    who-nom I-nom self-gen mom-acc spoke ill of-comp think-qm
    `Who thinks that I spoke ill of his mother?'
Example #45:

    yaksokhayssta
    promised
    `I promised his parents that I would take care of every student.'
Example #46:

    seltukhayssta
    persuaded
    `I persuaded every student to do his duty faithfully.'
Example #47:

    (153) a. Mary-ka mwues-ul       sass-ta
    Mary-nom something-acc bought-dec
    `Mary bought something/*What did Mary buy?'
Example #48:

    b. Mary-ka mwues-ul             sass-ni
    Mary-nom what/something-acc bought-qm
    `What did Mary buy?'/`Did Mary buy something?'
Example #49:

    (154) Minswu-nun Younghee-ka mwues-lul mekessta-ko] sayngkakha-ni
    Minswu-top Younghee-nom wh-acc ate-comp think-qm
    `What does Minswu think that Younghee ate?'
Example #50:

    (155) Minswu-nun Younghee-ka mwues-lul mekessta-ko] malhayss-              ni
    Minswu-top Younghee-nom wh-acc ate-comp said-qm
    `What did Minswu saythat Younghee ate?'
Example #51:

    (158) a. na-nun Minswu-ka mwues-ul ceyil coaha-nunci] an-ta
    I-top Minswu-nom what-acc best like-qm       know-dec
    `I know what Minswu likes best.'
Example #52:

    b. mwuesi-ul na-nun Minswu-ka ti ceyil coaha-nunci] an-ta
    what-acc I-top Minswu-nom best like-qm           know-dec
    `I know what Minswu likes best.'
Example #53:

    (160) a. ne-nun Minswu-ka nwukwu-lul coaha-nunci]a-ni
    you-top Minswu-nom who-acc like-qm                   know-qm
    `Do you know who Minswu likes?'
Example #54:

    b. nwukwu-lul ne-nun Minswu-ka ti coaha-nunci]a-ni
    who-acc you-top Minswu-nom like-qm                     know-qm
    `Who do you know Minswu likes?'/`Do you know who Minswu likes?'
Example #55:

    (173) Minswu-nun Younghee-ka mwues-lul mekessta-ko] sayngkakha-ni
    Minswu-top Younghee-nom what-acc ate-comp think-qm
    `What does Minswu think that Younghee ate?'
Example #56:

    (174) Minswu-nun mwuesi-lul Younghee-ka ti mekessta-kosayngkakha-ni
    Minswu-top what-acc Younghee-nom ate-comp think-qm
    `What does Minswu think that Younghee ate?'
Example #57:

    (175) nwu-ka Minho-ka etten wuntong-ul coaha-nunci]a-ni
    who-nom Minho-nom which sport-acc like-qm              know-qm
    `Who knows which sport Minho likes?'
Example #58:

    (176) Younghee-ka Minho-ka etten wuntong-ul cohaha-nunci] al-a
    Younghee-nom Minho-nom what-acc               like-qm        know-dec
    `Younghee knows what Minho likes.'
Example #59:

    (177) Younghee-ka tennis-lul Minho-ka coaha-nunci al-a
    Younghee-nom tennis-acc Minho-nom like-qm           know-dec
    `Younghee knows whether Minho likes tennis.'
Example #60:

    (179) a. amwuto Minswu-lul coaha-ci an-nunta
    anyone Minswu-acc like-nmz neg-do
    lit. `Anyone does not like Minswu.'
Example #61:

    b. Minswu-ka amwuto coaha-ci an-nunta
    Minswu-nom anyone like-nmz neg-do
    `Minswu does not like anyone.'
Example #62:

    (181) * amwuto Younghee-ka Minswu-lul coahaci an-nunta-ko] sayngkakhanta
    anyone Younghee-nom Minswu-acc like            neg-do-comp think
    lit. `Anyone thinks that Younghee does not like Minswu.'
Example #63:

    (183) amwutoi na-nun ti Minswu-lul coaha-ci an-nunta-ko] sayngkakhanta
    anyone I-top          Minswu-acc like-nmz neg-do-comp think
    lit. `Anyonei, I think ti does not like Minswu.'
Example #64:

    (184) amwutoi na-nun Minswu-ka ti coahaci an-nunta-ko] sayngkakhanta
    anyone I-top Minswu-nom like               neg-do-comp think
    lit. `Anyonei, I think Minswu does not like ti.'
Example #65:

    (185) a.*na-nun Mary-ka amwuto miwehanta-ko] sayngkakha-ci an-nunta
    I-top Mary-nom anyone hate-comp think                     neg-do
    lit. I don't think Mary hates anyone.
Example #66:

    a. * yenkwu-lul/to/man            hwu
    research-acc/even/only after
    `after 0/even/only research'
Example #67:

    b. yenkwu-lul/to/man            hata
    research-acc/even/only do
    `do 0/even/only research'
Example #68:

    c. keyulli/chwungsilhi/yok-hata
    negligently/faithfully/curse-do
    neglect/do faithfully/curse
Example #69:

    (188) a.        Kim kyoswu-uy wencahayk-uy          yenkwu-cwung] cencayng-i ilenassta
    Kim Prof.-gen nuclear weapon-gen research-during war-nom took place
    `During Prof. Kim's research on nuclear weapons ,a war took place.'
Example #70:

    (i) ??wencahayki -uy,      Kim kyoswu-uy,mikwuk-eyse-uy ti yenkwu-cwung :::
    nuclear weapon-gen Prof. Kim-gen America-loc-gen research-during
    `during Prof. Kim's research on nuclear weapons in America, ::: '
Example #71:

    a. Minho-ka ttokttokha-ta
    Minho-nom smart-dec
    `Minho is smart.'
Example #72:

    a. * Minho-ka wus-ta
    Minho-nom laugh-dec
    `Minho laughs.'
Example #73:

    (200) Minho-ka holangi-ka/*lul mwusepta
    Minho-nom tiger-nom/acc be afraid of
    `Minho is afraid of a tiger.'
Example #74:

    (201) Minho-ka Mary-lul/*ka anta
    Minho-nom Mary-acc/nom know
    `Minho knows Mary.'
Example #75:

    (202) Kim-i ikos-ul           hyanghayo-ko issta
    Kim-nom this place-acc toward come-prog
    `Kim is coming toward this place.'
Example #76:

    (205) * Kim-i    yongkamha-ye o-assta
    Kim-nom have been brave
    `Kim has been brave.'
Example #77:

    (206) a. Mary-ka Minho-eykey chayk-ul senmwulhayssta
    Mary-nom Minho-dat book-acc gave as a present
    `Mary gave Minho a book as a present.'
Example #78:

    (207) Minho-eykey holangi-ka mwusepta
    Minho-dat tiger-nom be afraid of
    `Minho is afraid of a tiger.'
Example #79:

    (208) ? Minho-eykey-ka holangi-ka mwusepta
    Minho-dat-nom tiger-nom be afraid of
    `Minho is afraid of a tiger.'
Example #80:

    (209) ? Mary-ka Minho-eykey-lul chayk-ul senmwulhayssta
    Mary-nom Minho-dat-acc book-acc gave as a present
    `Mary gave Minho a book as a present.'
Example #81:

    (210) Kim chongcang-uy swusek haksayng-eykey-uy colepcang-uy                 swuye
    Kim president-gen rank one student-dat-gen graduation certi cate-gen award
    `President Kim's award of a graduation certi cate to the best student'
Example #82:

    (223) nay-ka Minho-ul chencay-la-ko   sayngkakhanta
    I-nom Minho-acc genius-cop-comp think
    `I think Minho to be a genius.'
Example #83:

    (225) kwukpangpwu-eyse choisin      mwuki-lul taylyang        kwuiphayssta
    Defense dept.-loc most recent weapon-acc large quantity purchased
    `The Defense Dept. purchased the most recentweapons in large quantities.'
Example #84:

    (235) Younghee-nun Minho-ka tayhakipsi-lul                phokiha-key] mantulessta
    Younghee-top Minho-nom college entrance exam-acc give up-comp made
    `Younghee made Minho give up taking the college entrance exam.'
Example #85:

    (237) Minho-ka caki citokyoswu-ka/*ul mwusepta
    Minho-nom self(gen) advisor-nom/acc is afraid of
    `Minho is afraid of his advisor.'
Example #86:

    (238) nay-ka Minho-ka/*lul cohta
    I-nom Minho-nom/acc be fond of
    `I am fond of Minho.'
Example #87:

    (244) Minho-eykey(-ka) caki citokyoswu-ka            mwusepta
    Minho-dat-(nom) self(gen) advisor-nom/acc is afraid of
    `Minho is afraid of his advisor/To Minho, his advisor is frightening.'
Example #88:

    (245) na-eykey Minho-ka              cohta
    I-dat Minho-nom/acc be fond of
    `I am fond of Minho/To me, Minho is nice.'
Example #89:

    g. yehaksayng-i         motwu isaken-ul        mokkyekhayssta
    female student-nom all      this event-acc witnessed
    `All female students witnessed this event.'
Example #90:

    i. siptay-tul-i      taypwupwun Michael Jackson-ul coahanta
    teenager-pl-nom most          Michael Jackson-acc like
    `Most teenagers like Michael Jackson.'
Example #91:

    koaswuweniessta-ko malhayssta
    was an orchard-comp said
    `By the way, that pasture, Minho said was an orchard even until last year.'
Example #92:

    nwu(kwu)i -ka Minho-nun ti nay cacenke-lul hwumchiekass-nunci] a-ni]
    who-nom         Minho-top       my bicycle-acc stole-whether   know-qm
    `Does Minho know who stole my bicycle and ran away?'
Example #93:

    (257)      Chelswu-ka Younghee-lul salanghanta-nun] kes-i            na-lul koylophiessta
    Chelswu-nom Younghee-acc love-mod                that-nom I-acc bothered
    `The fact that Chelswu loves Younghee bothered me.'
Example #94:

    (260) a. emma-ka apeci-eykey Minho-hantey yongton-ul mos-cwu-key hayssta
    mom-nom father-dat Minho-dat money-acc neg-give-ce made
    `Mom made father not give money to Minho.'
Example #95:

    senmwulhayss-nunci]     mwulessta
    gave asapresent-whether asked
    `Chelswu asked Younghee who gave roses to Youlee as a present.'
Example #96:

    (274) Inho-ka i chayk-ul twu pen-ul/*i         ilkessta
    Inho-nom this book-acc two times-acc/nom read
    Inho read this book twice.
Example #97:

    (275) Inho-ka i chayk-ul sey sikan-tongan-ul/*i ilkessta
    Inho-nom this book-acc three hour-for-acc/nom read
    `Inho read this book for three hours.'
Example #98:

    (277) cinantal-i       oltule pwutongsan kyengki-ka kacang cecohata
    last month-nom this year real estate business-nom most be sluggish
    `The real estate business was most sluggish last month in this year.'
Example #99:

    (278) ceng trio-uy mikwuk-eyse-uy thukpyel kongyen
    Jung Trio-gen America-loc-gen special performance
    `Jung Trio's special performance in America'
Example #100:

    (279) ceng trio-uy sam nyen-man-uy thukpyel kongyen
    Jung Trio-gen three year-in-gen special performance
    `Jung Trio's special performance in three years'
Example #101:

    (281) catongcha-ka swui-ci an-ko] sey sikan-tongan-ul/*i talyessta
    car-nom       stop-nmz not-conj. three hour-for-acc/nom ran
    `The car ran for three hours without stopping.'
Example #102:

    (284) nay-kacaknyen-ey mokton-i                 sey pen-?i/*ul philyohayssta
    I-nom last year-loc a lot of money-nom three time-nom/acc was in need of
    `I was in need of a lot of money three times last year.'
Example #103:

    (285) nay-ka Inho-ka sam nyen-tongan-?i/*ul cohassta
    I-nom Inho-nom three year-for-nom/acc be fond of
    `I was fond of Inho for three years.'
Example #104:

    (286) i chayk-i twu pen-i ilkhiessta
    this book-nom twice-nom was read
    This book was read twice.
Example #105:

    (287) i chayk-i sey sikan-tongan-i ilkhiessta
    this book-nom three hour-for-nom was read
    `This book was read for three hours.'
Example #106:

    (288) a. nay-kakoki-lul khal-lo callassta
    I-nom meat-acc knife-ins cut
    `I cut the meat with a knife.'
Example #107:

    b. koki-ka khal-lo/*ka call-i-essta
    meat-nom knife-ins/nom was cut
    `The meat was cut with a knife.'
Example #108:

    koki-lul calu-ki]-nun khal-lo-ka        cohta
    meat-acc cut-nmz-top knife-inst-nom good
    `Cutting meat with a knife is easy.'
Example #109:

    nay-ka Minho-lul chinkwu-lo/lul samassta
    I-nom Minho-acc friend-inst/acc took
    `I took Minho as a friend.'
Example #110:

    (292) i chayk-i twu pen-ul/i ilk-hi-essta
    this book-nom twice-acc/nom was read
    This book was read twice.
Example #111:

    (293) i chayk-i sey sikan-tongan-ul/i ilk-hi-essta
    this book-nom three hour-for-acc/nom was read
    `This book was read for three hours.'
Example #112:

    (294) ku chayk-i taycwungtul-eyuyhay swu sipnyen-tongan-ul/*i ilk-hi-koissta
    the book-nom public-by                several 10 year-for-acc/nom read-pass-prog
    `The book has been being read by the public for several decades.'
Example #113:

    (297) * Inho-ka coha-ci-nta
    Inho-nom be fond of-pass-pres
    `Inho is liked (by someone).'
Example #114:

    (299) ku samnyen-tongan-i        cencayng-i kacang simhayssta
    the three years-during-nom war-nom most was severe
    `The war was most severe during the three years.'
Example #115:

    (301) * ku-ka Minho-uy apeci]-ka paykmancangca-ita
    he-nom Minho-gen father-nom millionaire-cop
    lit. `As for him, Minho's father is a millionaire.'
Example #116:

    i. Minho-ka atul-i kachwul-haysse
    Minho-nom son-nom ran away from home
    `As for Minho, his son ran away from home.
Example #117:

    (302) * kutul-i      Minho-wa Younghee]-ka macwupoassta
    they-nom Minho-and Younghee-nom looked at each other
    lit. `As for them, Minho and Younghee looked at each other.'
Example #118:

    b. ? ilensik-uloi Minho-ka nwu-ka ti saki-lul     chinta-ko] malhayss-ni
    This way Minho-nom who-nom cheating-acc do-comp said-q
    lit. `This wayi, Minho said that who cheats ti ?'
Example #119:

    b. ? ilensik-uloi Minho-ka nwu-ka ti saki-lul              chinta-ko] malhayss-ni
    This way Minho-nom who-nom cheating-acc do-comp said-q
    `This wayi, Minho said that who cheats ti?'
Example #120:

    tteleciessta-ko] malhayss-ni
    failed-comp said-qm
    `For this reasoni , Minho said that who failed in the entrance exam ti ?'
Example #121:

    sasil-i an-mitecinta
    fact-nom not-believe
    `Merely for this reasoni , I cannot believe the fact that Minho hates me ti.'
Example #122:

    b. ilensik-uloi Minho-nun nwu-ka ti saki-lul       chi-nunci] anta
    this way-inst Minho-top who-nom cheating-acc do-whether know
    `This wayi, Minho know who cheats ti .'
Example #123:

    c. ilen iyu-loi       Minho-nun nwu-ka ti haykotanghayss-nunci] anta
    this reason-inst Cheslwu-top who-nom got red-whether         know
    `For this reasoni , Minho knows who got red ti.'
Example #124:

    kyengmyelhanta
    despise
    `That wayi, I despise a person who         atters the power ti.'
Example #125:

    kyengmyelhanta
    despise
    `For this reasoni , I despise a person   who resorts to violence ti.'
Example #126:

    malhayss-ni
    said-qm
    `Howi did Minho say that I make a living ti?'
Example #127:

    c. ? wayi Minho-nun nay-kati hayko-lul tanghayssta-ko] malhayss-ni
    why Minho-top I-nom        re-acc a ected-comp said-qm
    `Whyi did Minho say that I got red ti?'
Example #128:

    a. ??nwukwui-lul ne-nun Minho-ka ti coahanta-nun] sasil-ey nollass-ni
    who-dat        you-top Minho-nom likes-mod            fact-at surprised at-qm
    `whoi are you surprized by the fact that Minho loves ti?'
Example #129:

    b. ?* ettehkeyi ne-nun Minho-ka ton-ul            pelessta-nun] sasil-ey nollass-ni
    how        you-top Minho-nom money-acc earned-mod fact-at surprized at-qm
    `Howi are you surprized by the fact that Minho made money ti?'
Example #130:

    sasil-ey nollass-ni
    fact-loc surprised
    entrance exam ti ?'
Example #131:

    b. ettehkeyi Minho-nun Younghee-ka ti sayngkye-lul yuciha-nunci]    a-ni
    how       Minho-top Younghee-nom living-acc maintain-whether know-qm
    `Howi does Minho know whether Younghee makes a living ti?'
Example #132:

    c. wayi Minho-nun Younghee-ka ti mikwuk-ulo ttenass-nunci] a-ni
    why Minho-top Younghee-nom America-dir left-whether know-qm
    `Whyi does Minho know whether Mary left for the U.S. ti ?
Example #133:

    taytanhata-ko] malhayss-ni
    remarkable-comp said-qm
    `Whoi did Minho say that the fact that Younghee persuaded ti is remarkable?'
Example #134:

    kes-i]    kacang hoykoacekila-ko malssumhasiess-ni
    that-nom most e cient-comp said-qm
    `Howi did the teacher say that practicing spoken English ti ] is most e cient?'
Example #135:

    elisekta-ko]     malhayss-ni
    be stupid-comp said-qm
    `Did Minho say that why Younghee does fund-raising] was stupid?'
Example #136:

    c. ?* ne-nun ej Minho-lul way ttayli-n] salamj -eykey hanguyhayss-ni
    you-top Minho-acc why hit-rel person-to argued with-qm
    `Did you argue with the person who hit Minho why?'
Example #137:

    pro iltung-ul    ha-lkesila-ko] malhayss-ni
    rank one-acc do-will-comp said-qm
    `Howi did Minho say that if (I) study ti everyday, then (I) will be number one.'
Example #138:

    motwu-ka hyepcoha-lkesila-ko] malhayss-ni
    everyone-nom help-will-comp        said-qm
    `Did Minho say that if I did fund-raising why, then everyone would help?'
Example #139:

    (336) a. i chayk-i chen wen-i/ul/to                nemnunta
    this book-nom 1000 wen-nom/acc/even is more than
    `This book costs more than 1000 wen (unit of Korean currency).'
Example #140:

    (337) a. Minho-ka 200 pound-na           nakanta
    Minho-nom 200 pound-as muchasweigh
    `Minho weighs as much as 200 pounds.'
Example #141:

    (339) a. Minho-ka ilkay         pise-ey     pwulkoahata
    Minho-nom one(derog) secretary-loc is nothing but
    `Minho is nothing but a secretary.'
Example #142:

    (341) a. nay-ka Inho-lul chinkwu-lo]mantulessta/samassta
    I-nom Inho-acc friend-dir made/took
    `I made Inho a friend/I took Inho as a friend.'
Example #143:

    (343) a. Minho-ka Younghee-eykey nwuntok-ul tuliessta
    Minho-nom Younghee-dat kept his eyes on
    `Minho kept his eyes on Younghee.'
Example #144:

    (344) a. Minho-ka kimchikwuk-pwute masinta
    Minho-ka kimchi soup-from       drink
    `Minho thinks of getting things in advance.'
Example #145:

    chotayhayssta
    invited
    `Prof. Kim invited every student to the     farewell party for graduating studen
Example #146:

    (355) Minho-ka pro lotte hotel-eyse yumyeng violinist-lul poassta-ko] calanghayssta
    Minho-nom       lotte hotel-loc famous violist-acc      saw-comp said proudly
    `Minho said proudly that he saw a famous violinist at Hotel Lotte.'
Example #147:

    naysayngil pathi-ey chotayhal kesita
    my birthday party-loc will invite
    `Some of his friends, Minho will invite to my birthdayparty.'
Example #148:

    (368) a. Kim kyoswu-ka Minho-ka chencay-la-ko] mitnunta
    Kim prof.-nom Minho-nom genius-cop-comp believe
    `Prof. Kim believes that Minho is a genius.'