ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Wolfgang Sternefeld (1999). Wh-Expletives and Partial Wh-Movement.

URL: http://www2.sfs.uni-tuebingen.de/~wolfgang/Downloads/Abraham.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 851&langcode=deu (2019-07-21).

 

Example #1:

    b. %Weni glaubst du, dass wir ti einladen sollen?
    Who believe you that we invite should
    Who do you believe that we should invite?
Example #2:

    (2)    a.    Was glaubst du, warumi wir ihn ti einladen sollen?
    What believe you why       we him invite should
    Lit.: What do you believe why we should invite him?
Example #3:

    (6)    a.   Was glaubst du, wer kam?
    What believe you who came
    Lit. `What do you believe who came?'
Example #4:

    behauptet, mit wem Maria gesprochen hat?
    claims     with whom Maria talked       has
    claims with whom Maria has talked?'1
Example #5:

    (13) *Was glaubst du der Behauptung, wer gekommen ist?
    What believe you the claim         who come       has
    Lit. `What do you believe the claim who has come?'
Example #6:

    (14) *Was weißt du wen sie wirklich liebt?
    what know you who she really loves
    Lit. `What do you know who she really loves?'
Example #7:

    (i)     ?Was wolltest du wissen, wen sie wirklich liebt?
    What wanted you know who she really loves
    Lit. `What did you want to know who she really loves?'
Example #8:

    (17) *Wer meinte was [ CP mit wem sie gesprochen hat ]
    Who thought what with whom she spoken has
    Lit. `Who did what think with whom she has spoken?'
Example #9:

    (19) %Wasi meinte wer ti [ CP mit wem sie         gesprochen hat ]
    What thought who with whom she spoken has
    Lit. `What did who think with whom she has spoken?'
Example #10:

    (ii)    a.    Ich    kann nicht sagen, ein Unbekannter zu sein
    I      can not say an unknown             to be
    Lit.   `I can not say to be an unknown.'
Example #11:

    b.   *Ich    sage (nicht), ein Unbekannter zu sein
    I      say (not) an unknown          to be
    Lit.   `I do not say to be an unknown.'
Example #12:

    (20)     a.  Was glaubst du: Wer ist gekommen?
    What believe you: Who is come?
    `What do you believe: Who has come?'
Example #13:

    b. *Was glaubt wer: Wer ist gekommen?
    What believes who: Who is come?
    Lit. `What does who believe: Who has come?'
Example #14:

    c. *Wer glaubt was: Wer ist gekommen?
    What believes who: Who is come?
    Lit. `What does who believe: Who has come?'
Example #15:

    (21)     WAS hat Johann gesagt [ CP mit wem sie gesprochen hat ]
    what has John said         with whom she spoken   has
    `What has John said with whom she has spoken?'
Example #16:

    (22)     a. ?Wen      meinst du [ CP wen     sie wirklich liebt ] ?
    Who ACC think you       who ACC she really loves
    Lit. `Who do you think who she really loves?'
Example #17:

    b. ?Was Fritz glaubt, wer gekommen ist, ist irrelevant
    What John thinks who come           has is irrelevant
    Lit. `What John thinks who has come is irrelevant.' Meaning: Every
Example #18:

    (24)     a. *Was hat eri gesagt, wen Fritzi heiraten will
    What has he said who Fritz marry wants
    Lit. `What did he say who fritz wants to marry?'
Example #19:

    b. Was hat jederi       gesagt, wen eri heiraten will
    What has everyone said who he marry wants
    Lit. `What did everyone say who he wants to marry?'
Example #20:

    (27) *Was glaubst du, ob        er kommt
    What believe you whether he comes
    Lit. `What do you believe whether he comes?'
Example #21:

    (28)    a.   LF: Ob       du glaubst, dass er kommt
    whether you believe that he comes
    Lit. `Whether you believe that he comes?'
Example #22:

    (29) ?WAS sagtest du, ob        Hans kommt?
    What said you, whether John comes
    Lit. `What did you say whether John comes?'
Example #23:

    (33)    a. *Was sagtest      / meintest du,   ob      wir wen einladen sollen?
    What thought     / said     you   whether we who invite should
    Lit. `What did    you think/say   whether who we should invite?'
Example #24:

    (35)    Wohin glaubt jeder,        dass sie gehen wird?
    Where-to believes everyone that she go     will
    Lit. `Where does everyone believe that she will go to?'
Example #25:

    (36)    Was glaubt jeder,      wohin sie gehen wird?
    What believes everyone where-to she go     will
    Lit. `What does everyone believe where she will go to?'