The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Scott Myers (2000). The phonetics and phonology of tone retraction in Shona.

URL: http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~smyers/shonatone.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 87&langcode=sna (2018-10-22).


Example #1:

    (3) (a) bánga-wó                       cf. bángá(1a)
    knife   also
    "a knife also"
Example #2:

    (6) (a) Iwé Kasadza wamára               róri iyi.
    you (name)     you-past-scratch truck this
    "Kasadza, you scratched this truck."
Example #3:

    (b) Handísí    kumárá             róri   iyi.
    I-negative infinitive-scratch truck this
    "I am not scratching this truck."
Example #4:

    (7)   (a) Iwé Kasadza wanyíma           Máry sadza.
    you (name) you-past-refuse Mary porridge
    "Kasadza, you refused Mary porridge"
Example #5:

    (b) Handísí    kunyímá          Mary sadza
    I-negative infinitive-refuse Mary porridge
    "I am not refusing Mary porridge"
Example #6:

    (8) (a) Iwé Kasadza warúma             rúra iyi.
    you (name) you-past-bite ruler this
    "Kasadza, you bit this ruler"
Example #7:

    (b) Handísí    kurúmá         rúra iyi.
    I-negative infinitive-bite ruler this
    "I am not biting this ruler"
Example #8:

    (9) (a) Iwé Kasadza [email protected]             rúra iyi.
    you (name) you-past-gnaw ruler this
    "Kasadza, you gnawed this ruler"
Example #9:

    (10) (a) Iwé Kasadza wanyóra            nyórwa murugwaro.
    you (name) you-past-write writing in-page
    "Kasadza, you wrote the writing in the page"
Example #10:

    (b) Handísí    kunyórá         nyórwa murugwaro.
    I-negative infinitive-write writing in-page
    "I am not writing writing in the page"