ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Mark C. Baker and Osamuyimen T. Stewart (2001). A Serial Verb Construction without Constructions.

URL: http://ling.rutgers.edu/people/faculty/baker/CSVC2.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 922&langcode=bin (2018-04-24).

 

Example #1:

    (1)      a. z gh       gb w khin.                        Edo
    Ozo FUT hit goat sell
    `Ozo will kill the goat and sell it.'
Example #2:

    (2) a. z gh         gb w w.                            Edo
    Ozo FUT hit goat die
    `Ozo will strike the goat dead.'
Example #3:

    (3)     a. z gh        min yn v l.                   Edo
    Ozo FUT find yam two cook
    `Ozo will find two yams to cook (and do so).'
Example #4:

    (11)     a. *kh r         z su-r          d(-r).                 RSVC
    pot      FOC Ozo push-RV fall(-RV)
    `It's the pot that Ozo has pushed down.'
Example #5:

    b. *vbr r           z     l-r        khin(-rn).        CSVC
    food       FOC Ozo          cook-RV sell(-RV)
    `It's food that Ozo has truly cooked and sold.'
Example #6:

    (12)     lmi        r    rn min-rn kp!n.               PSVC
    Orange        FOC they find-RV            pluck
    `It's an orange that they have found to pluck.'
Example #7:

    (16)     a.  gh      gi!gi gu!gh kh.
    I FUT quickly break            pot.
    `I will quickly break the pot.'
Example #8:

    (17)     z vb        khkh gn           gigi   khin.
    Ozo pluck chicken feathers quickly sell
    `Ozo plucked the chicken of feathers and quickly sold them.'
Example #9:

    (18)     *z f        kh gg      gugh.
    Ozo throw pot        quickly break
    `Ozo threw the pot so that it quickly broke.'
Example #10:

    (19)     a. z gh       gb w khin.                                  CSVC
    Ozo FUT hit goat sell
    `Ozo will kill the goat and sell it.'
Example #11:

    b. z gh        min yn v l.                              PSVC
    Ozo FUT find yam two cook
    `Ozo will find two yams to cook (and do so)."
Example #12:

    (20)    a. z tbr gh            l    vbr.
    Ozo by.self FUT cook food.
    `Ozo by himself will quickly cook the food.'
Example #13:

    b. z kpn lmi tbr.
    Ozo pluck      orange by-itself
    `Ozo plucked the orange by itself.'
Example #14:

    (22)    z minmin y tbr             l     vbr.
    Ozo forgot         to by.self cook food
    Ozo forgot to cook the food by himself.
Example #15:

    (23)    *lmi r       z      kp!n -- tbr.                (compare (20b))
    Orange     FOC Ozo         pluck        by-itself
    `It's an orange that Ozo plucked by itself.'
Example #16:

    (24)    a. y d        tbr.
    Uyi fall by.self
    `Uyi fell by himself.'
Example #17:

    b. #y s         tbr.
    Uyi shout by.self
    `Uyi shouted by himself.'
Example #18:

    (25)     z d      ynk dnmwn -- tbrk
    Ozo buy yam          pound               by.self
    `Ozo bought the yam and pounded it by itself.'
Example #19:

    (26)     *z s       gk d (--) tbrk
    Ozo     push bottle fall --         by.self
    `Ozo pushed the bottle down by itself.'
Example #20:

    (27)     z min lmi kp!n -- (*tbr).
    Ozo find orange pluck               by-itself
    `Ozo found an orange to pluck by itself.'
Example #21:

    (28)     z s      rhn khrh d-l.                                RSVC
    Ozo push tree        few       fall-PL
    `Ozo pushed (a) few trees down.'
Example #22:

    (29)     z d       b    khhr t.                                 CSVC
    Ozo buy book little          read
    `Ozo bought (a) few books and read them.'
Example #23:

    (33)       a. z min lmi         kp!n.
    Ozo find orange pluck
    `Ozo found an orange to pluck (and did so).'
Example #24:

    b. z gul lmi kpn.
    Ozo seek       orange pluck
    `Ozo looked for an orange and plucked it.'
Example #25:

    (34)     *z d     g    tt y/y --.
    Ozo buy chair sit          on
    `Ozo bought a chair and sat on it.'
Example #26:

    (35)     z min kt rhi mi!w n.
    Ozo find dog give meat                   to
    Ozo found a dog to give the meat to.'
Example #27:

    (38)    a. z rhi gh            h y --
    Ozo take money pay Uyi
    `Ozo took some money and paid Uyi it.'
Example #28:

    b. *z ll       y h (r) gh.
    Ozo     follow Uyi pay (him) money.
    `Ozo followed Uyi and paid him money.'
Example #29:

    (40)    z min y h r              gh.                  PSVC
    Ozo find      Uyi pay him money.
    `Ozo found Uyi to paid him money.'
Example #30:

    (41)    a. y r      z h *(r) gh.                              Edo
    Uyi FOC Ozo pay him              money
    `It's Uyi that Ozo paid money.'
Example #31:

    (42)    *mi!w n      r     z min kt rhi -- n.
    Meat        that FOC Ozo find dog give                  to
    `It's this meat that Ozo found the dog to give to.'
Example #32:

    i
    box         FOC Ozo buy pot            put pro              into --
    `It's a box that Ozo bought a pot and put it in.'
Example #33:

    b. z r           y rhi gh        ha -- pro.                       (Compare (38a))
    Ozo FOC Uyi take money pay
    `It's Ozo that Uyi took the money and paid.'
Example #34:

    (55)    Obi kw-d-r            z.              [Ihionu, 1992 #586:174]
    Obi push-fall-FACT Eze
    `Obi pushed Eze down.'
Example #35:

    (61)    a. z f         kh y tk.                    Edo
    Ozo throw pot        in trash
    `Ozo threw the pot into the trash.'
Example #36:

    b. z f         kh gugh.
    Ozo throw pot        break.
    `Ozo threw the pot so that it broke.'
Example #37:

    c. *?z f         kh y tk gugh.
    Ozo      throw pot    in trash break.
    `Ozo threw the pot into the trash so that it broke.'
Example #38:

    (62)    a. *z su        kh gg/ vb w          d.
    Ozo     push pot      quickly/ in     house fall
    `Ozo pushed the pot quickly/in the house down.'
Example #39:

    b. z su        kh d    gg/ vb w.
    Ozo push pot       fall quickly/ in     house
    `Ozo pushed the pot down quickly/in the house.'
Example #40:

    (64)    z rhi kpn y kptn khin.               Edo
    Ozo put     cloth in box            sell
    `Ozo put the cloth in a box and sold it.'
Example #41:

    (65)    z l       vbr gg/ vb w         r.     (Contrast with (62))
    Ozo cook food         quickly/ in      house eat
    `Ozo cooked the food quickly/at home and ate it.'
Example #42:

    b. *z min rhn gu!gh kh                                EDO
    Ozo find stick break           pot
    `Ozo found a stick and (then) broke the pot.'
Example #43:

    (67)    z min rhn y          gu!gh kh                       EDO
    Ozo find stick INF break             pot
    `Ozo found a stick in order to break the pot.'
Example #44:

    (75)     z min rhn y                            gu!gh kh                     Edo purposive (=(67))
    Ozo find stick INF break                                pot
    `Ozo found a stick in order to break the pot.'
Example #45:

    (ii)      gh d g n!-prh.
    I FUT buy chair the-flat.
    `I will buy the flat chair.'
Example #46:

    b. m         min yn (*tbrn) l.                        PSVC
    children find yam by.self          cook
    `The children found a yam to cook (*by themselves).'
Example #47:

    c. m         min rhn     y tbrn gu!gh kh.         Purposive
    children find stick      to by.self break        pot
    `The children found a stick in order to break the pot by themselves.'
Example #48:

    (80)    z vb        khkh gn         khin.                 Edo
    Ozo pluck      chicken feathers sell
    `Ozo plucked the chicken of feathers and sold them (the feathers).'
Example #49:

    b. Ozo rhi mi!w y epani l.
    Ozo put meat          in pan      cook
    `Ozo put the meat in a pan and cooked it.'
Example #50:

    (82)    a. *kt gi!gi gb! kh             hinmwn.           Edo
    dog     quickly bark       chase bird.
    `The dog quickly barked and chased a bird.'
Example #51:

    b. *z gi!gi rh!l s!n.
    Ozo quickly run         jump
    `(To win the atheletic contest), Ozo quickly ran and jumped.'
Example #52:

    (86)         *kt kh        hinmwn gb.
    Dog      chase bird            bark
    `The dog chased a bird and barked.'
Example #53:

    (i)      ts      gh     d bi,  gh ti proi.
    Teacher COND buy book, I FUT read pro.
    `If the teacher buys a book, I will read it.'
Example #54:

    (89)    Musa     b      nakn (yin) ba      z        sanyin
    Musa     come meat       PRT cut PURP quietly
    `Musa came to cut the meat quietly.'           (* with zi after `quietly')
Example #55:

    (100)    z gi!gi gh           l     vbr (khin).
    Ozo quickly ITER          cook food       sell.
    `Ozo quickly repeatedly [cooked food (and sold it)].'