ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Pesetsky, David (1999). Phrasal Movement and its Kin.

URL: http://web.mit.edu/linguistics/www/pesetsky/wh.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-15).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 94&langcode=deu (2020-08-04).

 

Example #1:

    [Wen von den Musikern] hat keine Studentin getroffen?
    whom of the musicians has no      student met
    'Who among the musicians has no student met?'
Example #2:

    [Wen alles] hat Hans __ gesehen?
    whom all    has Hans       seen
    'Who all did Hans see?'
Example #3:

    [Wen alles] hat niemand __ gesehen?
    whom all has no one               seen
    'Who all did no one see?'
Example #4:

    ??Was hat niemand heute [ __ Schönes] gemacht?
    what has no one today             nice      done
    'What nice thing did no one do?'
Example #5:

    Wen hat jeder __            alles gesehen.
    whom has everyone          all seen
    'Who all did everyone see?'
Example #6:

    Welche Kinder           haben __ dem Karl          welche Bilder          zeigen wollen?
    which children-NOM have            the Karl-DAT which pictures-ACC show wanted
    'Which children wanted to show Karl which pictures?'
Example #7:

    a. Welche Kinder           haben welche Bilder            niemandem zeigen wollen?
    which children-NOM have which pictures-ACC no one-DAT show wanted
    'Which children wanted to show nobody which pictures?'              (scrambling
Example #8:

    ??Welche Kinder            haben sehr wenigen Lehrern welche Bilder         zeigen wollen?
    which children-NOM have very few teachers-DAT which pictures-ACC show wanted
    'Which children wanted to show very few teachers which pictures?'
Example #9:

    ??Wer          hat nur dem Karl          welche Bücher    gegeben?
    who-NOM has only the Karl-DAT which books-ACC given
    'Who gave only Karl which books?'
Example #10:

    Wen hat jeder         wo      gesehen?
    whom has everyone where seen
    'Who did everyone see where?'
Example #11:

    ??Wen     hat fast    jeder     wo     gesehen?
    whom has almost everyone where seen
    'Who did almost everyone see where?'
Example #12:

    a. Wen           hast du überredet    was zu kaufen?
    whom-ACC have you persuaded what to buy
    'Who did you persuade to buy what?
Example #13:

    a. Wer __      glaubte, dass der Peter         ihr           wen      vorstellte?
    who-ACC believed that the Peter-NOM her-DAT whom-ACC introduced
    'Who __ believed that Peter introduced her to whom?'
Example #14:

    b. ?*Wen            glaubte wer, dass der Peter              ihr   __ vorstellte?
    whom -ACC believed who that the Peter-NOM her-DAT                introduced
    'Whom did who believe that Peter introduced __ to her?'
Example #15:

    *...daß der Fritz       den Josefi       glaubte, daß der Peter         ihr     __i vorstellte.
    that the Fritz-NOM the Josef-ACC believed that the Peter-NOM her-DAT            introduced
    '...that Fritz believed that Peter introduced Josef <scrambled> to her.'
Example #16:

    a. Wie hat wer gestern    das auto repariert?
    how has who yesterday the car fixed
    'How did who fix the car yesterday?'
Example #17:

    b. Wie hat das Auto gestern wer repariert?
    how has the car yesterday who fixed
    'How did who fix the car yesterday?'
Example #18:

    c. Wie hat der Mann gestern was repariert?
    how has the man yesterday what fixed
    'How did the man yesterday fix what?
Example #19:

    d. *Wie hat was der Mann          gestern     repariert?
    how has what the man-NOM yesterday fixed
    'How did the man yesterday fix what?'
Example #20:

    (151) a. Was hat wer dem Studenten ausgeliehen?
    what has who the student-DAT given
    'What did who give to the student?
Example #21:

    b. Was hat der Professor         wem          ausgeliehen?
    what has the Professor-NOM whom-DAT given
    'What did the professor give to whom?'
Example #22:

    c. Wem          hat der Professor        was ausgeliehen?
    whom-DAT has the Professor-NOM what given
    'To whom did the professor give what?'
Example #23:

    d. ??Was hat wem            der Professor       ausgeliehen?
    what has whom-DAT the professor-NOM given
    'What did the professor give to whom?'
Example #24:

    ?Wen glaubst      du      [__ von den Musikern] hat Hans gesehen.
    whom believe-2p you            of the musicians    has Hans seen
    'Who among the musicians do you believe that Hans saw?
Example #25:

    Ich weiß nicht, wen    du glaubst dass Hans [___ von den Musikern]          gesehen hat
    I    know not    whom you believe-2p that Hans              of the musicians seen has
    'I don't know who among the musicians you believe that Hans saw?'
Example #26:

    *Ich weis nicht, wen     du glaubst      dass [___ von den Musikern] Hans gesehen hat
    I    know not    whom you believe-2p that            of the musicians   Hans saw
    'I don't know who among the musicians you believe that Hans saw?'
Example #27:

    % Ich weiß nicht, wen      du glaubst, dass Hans [ __ alles] eingeladen hat.
    I    know not whom you believe that Hans             all   invited      has
    'I don't know who-all you believe that Hans invited.'
Example #28:

    *Ich weiß nicht, wen du glaubst, dass [ __ alles] Hans eingeladen hat.
    I       know not whom you believe that           all    Hans invited      has
    'I don't know who-all you believe that Hans invited.'
Example #29:

    (155) a. Ich wüßte gerne, über wen er         [wieviel Bücher t ] gleichzeitig kritisieren kann.
    I   knew eagerly about whom he how-many books simultaneously criticize can
    'I wanted to know how many books about whom he can simultaneously criticize.'
Example #30:

    (159) a. Was hat der Professor dem Studenten [__ alles] geraten
    what has the professor the student-DAT         all   advised
    'What-all has the professor advised the student?'
Example #31:

    b. *Was hat wer dem Studenten [ __ alles] geraten
    what has who the student-DAT all              advised
    'What-all has who advised the student?'
Example #32:

    (i)       Was glaubst du mit wem Hans gesprochen hat?
    what believe you with whom Hans spoken         has
    'Who do you believe that Hans spoke to?'
Example #33:

    (ii) *Was glaubst du nicht mit wem Hans gesprochen hat?
    what believe you not with whom Hans spoken           has
    'Who do you not believe that Hans spoke to?'
Example #34:

    (iii) ??Was glaubt       niemand wen     Karl gesehen hat?
    what believes nobody whom Karl seen         has
    'Who does nobody believe that Karl has seen?'
Example #35:

    (i)    Wer zum Teufel hat wen gesehen?
    who to-the devil has whom seen
    'Who the devil saw whom?'
Example #36:

    (i)      Wen            hat er denn wem          versprochen [davon __ abzuhalten] ?
    whom-ACC has he prt whom-DAT promised                   from-it __ to keep away
    'Who did he promise to keep whom away from it.'
Example #37:

    a. Wer führt denn hier wen        an der Leine?
    who lead (prt) here whom on the leash?
    'Who is leading whom here on the leash?'
Example #38:

    a. Wer hat wen verführt?
    who has whom seduced
    'Who seduced whom?'
Example #39:

    a. Weißt du wer wen angerufen hat?
    know you who whom called has?
    'Do you know who called whom?'
Example #40:

    Wer hat gesagt, dass wen          niemand mag?
    who has said, that whom-ACC nobody likes
    'Who said that nobody likes whom?
Example #41:

    (i)     Was hat der Professor dem Studenten           [__ alles] geraten
    what has the professor the students                 all   advised
    'What-all has the professor advised the students?'