ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Pesetsky, David (1999). Phrasal Movement and its Kin.

URL: http://web.mit.edu/linguistics/www/pesetsky/wh.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-15).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 94&langcode=jpn (2018-01-23).

 

Example #1:

    a. ???John-ga [MIT-ka Harvard]-ni        nani-o ageta   no?
    John-NOM [MIT-or Harvard]-Dat what-ACC gave Q
    'What did John give MIT or Harvard?'
Example #2:

    b. Dare-ga      [MIT-ka Harvard]-ni nani-o        ageta no?
    who-NOM [MIT-or Harvard]-Dat what-ACC gave Q
    'What did who give MIT or Harvard?'       [single-pair only]
Example #3:

    a. ?*[John-ka Bill]-ga     dare-ni      nani-o      ageta no?
    John or Bill-NOM who-DAT what-ACC gave Q
    'What did John or Bill give to who?'
Example #4:

    a. Hanako-ga      gakusei-o dareka    yonda (koto)
    Hanako-NOM student-ACC some invited (fact)
    '(the fact that) Hanako invited some student'
Example #5:

    c. Hanako-sika gakusei-o       darekai yoba-nakat-ta        (koto)
    Hanako-only student-ACC some         invite-Neg-Past fact
    '(the fact that) only Hanako invited some student'
Example #6:

    Nani-o       John-wa [CP Mary-ga           ___ tabeta ka] siritagatteiru no?
    what-ACC John-TOP            Mary-NOM             ate     Q want-to-know Q
    Only: 'What did John want to know whether Mary ate.'
Example #7:

    Nani-o       John-wa [CP Mary-ga            ___ tabeta ka] siritagatteiru.
    what-ACC John-TOP            Mary-NOM            ate      Q want-to-know
    'John wanted to know what Mary ate?'
Example #8:

    ??John-wa [Mary -ga         nani -o katta ka dooka] siritagatte-iru no?
    John TOP Mary NOM what ACC bought whether know-want                 Q
    `What does John want to know whether Mary bought?
Example #9:

    John-wa [Mary-ga        nani -o katta ka dooka] dare -ni tazuneta no?
    John TOP Mary NOM what ACC bought whether who DAT asked Q
    `Who did John ask whether Mary bought what?'