ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Green, Melanie Predication, Equation and Information Structure: Evidence from Hausa Copular Sentences

URL: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Users/melanieg/Cop.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-03-29).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 948&langcode=gla (2018-04-21).

 

Example #1:

    (32)       Bha     Calum ah l          uisge beatha                   substantive auxiliary construction
    be-PAST Calum ASP drinking the whiskey
    `Calum was drinking the whiskey'
Example #2:

    (33)       a. Tha     Calum faiceallach                                substantive auxiliary construction
    be-PRES Calum careful
    `Calum is (being) careful'
Example #3:

    (34)       a. *Tha        Calum thidsear
    be-PRES    Calum teacher
    `Calum    is a teacher'
Example #4:

    b. Tha        Calum `na thidsear                             substantive auxiliary construction
    be-PRES    Calum in.3s teacher
    `Calum    is a teacher'
Example #5:

    (35)       a. *Tha       Calum an thidsear
    be-PRES    Calum the teacher
    `Calum    is the teacher'
Example #6:

    b. *Tha       Calum anns an thidsear
    be-PRES    Calum in the teacher
    `Calum    is the teacher'
Example #7:

    (36)     a. Is       mr an duine sin                                       inverted copular construction
    COP-PRES big that man
    `That man is big'
Example #8:

    b. Is        le Calum an c                                         inverted copular construction
    COP-PRES with Calum the dog
    `The dog belongs to Calum'
Example #9:

    c. Is        thidsear Calum                                         inverted copular construction
    COP-PRES teacher Calum
    `Calum is a teacher'
Example #10:

    d. *Is       an thidsear Calum
    COP-PRES the teacher Calum
    `Calum is the teacher'
Example #11:

    (37)     *Is      mr duine
    COP-PRES big man
    `A man is big'
Example #12:

    (38)     `S        e Calum an thidsear                                  augmented copular construction
    COP-PRES 3ms Calum the teacher
    `Calum is the teacher'