ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Bergeton, Uffe (2004). The Independence of Binding and Intensification, Chapter 1: Introduction.

URL: http://www-scf.usc.edu/~bergeton/D_CH1_May12.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-03-29).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 963&langcode=dan (2018-04-24).

 

Example #1:

    a.      Peter vaskede sig selv.                   (sig selv = complex reflexive)
    Peter washed REFL self
    `Peter washed himself.'
Example #2:

    b.      Peter vaskede sig.                        (sig = simple reflexive)
    Peter washed REFL
    `Peter washed (himself).'
Example #3:

    c.      Peter selv deltog i mødet.                (selv = intensifier)
    Peter self participated in meeting-the
    `Peter himself participated in the meeting.'
Example #4:

    (i)      Peter selv løste opgaven.
    Peter self solved problem-the
    `Peter himself solved the problem.'
Example #5:

    (ii)     Selv Peter løste opgaven.
    self Peter solved problem-the
    `Even Peter solved the problem.'
Example #6:

    (iii)    Peter løste opgaven selv.
    Peter solved problem-the self
    `Peter solved the problem himself.'
Example #7:

    (iv)     Peter havde selv løst opgaven.
    Peter had self solved problem-the
    `Peter had himself solved the problem.'
Example #8:

    (v)      Peter sagde at Marie dansede med alle andre end ham selv.
    Peter said that Marie danced with all other than him self
    `Peter said that Marie danced with everybody except (him) himself.'
Example #9:

    ((a)+(i)) Peter vaskede sig selv.
    Peter washed REFL self
    `Peter washed himself.'
Example #10:

    (a)      Peter vaskede sig.
    Peter washed REFLE
    `Peter washed.'
Example #11:

    (b)     Læberne løsnede sig, munden blev større.
    lips-the loosen REFL mouth-the became bigger
    `The lips parted, the mouth grew bigger.'
Example #12:

    (c)     Peter slog sig.
    Peter hit REFL
    `Peter got hurt (accidentally).'
Example #13:

    (d)     Peter skammer sig.
    Peter shames REFL
    `Peter is ashamed.'
Example #14:

    (7)       a.      Peteri afløste                      *sigi /       sigi selv.
    Peter replaced                      REFL /        REFL self
    `Peteri replaced himselfi'
Example #15:

    (8)         a.       Peteri vaskede           sigi         /         sigi selv.
    Peter washed             REFL         /         REFL self
    `Peteri washed (himselfi).'
Example #16:

    b.       Peteri bad Hansk vaske sigi/k         /       sig*i/k selv.
    Peter asked Hans wash REFL            /       REFL self
    `Peteri asked Hansk to wash himi      /himselfk.'
Example #17:

    (11)    a.       *Det var selv biskoppen der holdt gudstjenesten. (selv  even)
    It was self bishop-the who held service-the
    `*It was even the bishop who held the service.'
Example #18:

    b.       Det var biskoppen selv der holdt gudstjenesten. (selv  himself)
    It was bishop-the self who held service-the
    `It was the bishop himself who held the service.'
Example #19:

    (12)    a.      #Selv Dronningen gav nytårstalen.                         (selv  even)
    even queen-the gave new-years-speech-the
    `#Even the Queen delivered the New Year's Speech.'
Example #20:

    (13)    a.      Dronningen selv gav nytårstalen.                      (selv  himself)
    queen-the self gave new-years-speech-the
    `The Queen herself delivered the New Year's Speech.'
Example #21:

    a.     Peter vasker             sig          /     sig selv      /       bilen.
    Peter washes             REFL         /     REFL-SELF     /       car-the
    `Peter washes himself / the car.'
Example #22:

    b.     Peter tørrer             sig          /     sig selv      /       Marie.
    Peter dries              REFL         /     REFL-SELF     /       Mary
    `Peter dries himself / Mary.'
Example #23:

    a.      Peter misunde              *sig      /     sig selv /    Marie.
    Peter envies               *REFL     /     REFL-SELF     /      Mary
    `Peter envies himself /   Mary.'
Example #24:

    b.      Peter mistænker            *sig      /     sig selv      /       Marie.
    Peter suspects             *REFL     /     REFL-SELF     /       Mary
    `Peter suspects himself   / Mary.'
Example #25:

    a.      Peter dukkede            sig    /          *sig selv  /        *Marie.
    Peter ducked             RELF /            *REFL-SELF /        *Mary
    `Peter ducked (*himself) / *Mary.'
Example #26:

    b.      Bill Clintoni barberede sigi selv.
    Bill Clinton shaved     RELF/REFL self
    `Bill Clinton shaved (himself).'
Example #27:

    (28)    a.       Joni vil giftes med en kvinde som er stolt af  hami / #hami selv.
    Jon wants marry-PASS with a woman who is proud of him / him self
    `Jon wants to get married to a woman who is proud of him.'
Example #28:

    b.       Kongen troede at ingen kunne lide              hami / #hami selv.
    king-the thought that nobody could like        him / him self
    `The king thought that nobody liked him.'
Example #29:

    (29)    a.       Joni plejede at hade folk som var anderledes end hami / hami selv.
    Jon used to hate people who were different than him / him self
    `Jon used to hate people who were different from himself.'
Example #30:

    b.       Carli sagde at Marie havde snakket med alle andre end hami / hami selv.
    Carl said that Marie had talked to all others than him / him self
    `Carl said that Marie had talked to all others than himself.'
Example #31:

    (32)    a.         Peteri sagde [at Johnk vaskede sin*i/ k / *z       tegnebog].
    Peter said that John washed                 POSSREFL      wallet
    `Peteri said that Johnk washed his*i/k/*z wallet.'
Example #32:

    b.         Peteri sagde [at Johnk vaskede hansi/ *k / z       tegnebog].
    Peter said that John washed         his            wallet
    `Peteri said that Johnk washed hisi/*k/z wallet.'
Example #33:

    (33)    a.         Peteri bad Hansk vaske sini/k hund.
    Peter asked Hans wash POSSREFL dog
    `Peteri asked Hansi to wash hisi/k dog.'
Example #34:

    stuen.
    the in living room-the
    in the living room.'
Example #35:

    a. Han var ved at gaa ud af sit /?* sit eget/*Peters gode skind af glæde.
    happiness
    `He nearly jumped out of his good skin of sheer happiness.'
Example #36:

    c.      Peter vaskede   Hans.
    Peter vaskede   REFL / REFL self / Hans
    `Peter washed   (himself)/Hans.'
Example #37:

    a.    Peter opførte sig / *sig selv / *Hans godt.
    Peter behaved REFL/REFL self/Hans well
    `Peter behaved well.'
Example #38:

    b.    Peter skammer sig / *sig selv / *Hans.
    Peter shames REFL/REFL self/Hans
    `Peter is ashamed.'
Example #39:

    a.     Døren åbnede sig / *sig selv / *vinduet.         (compare w. (41a))
    door-the opened REFL/REFL self/window-the
    `The door opened.'
Example #40:

    b.     Døren lukkede sig /*sig selv / *vinduet.         (compare w. (41b))
    door-the closed REFL/REFL self/window-the
    `The door closed.'
Example #41:

    a.     Peter slog sig (på bordkanten).
    Peter hit REFL on table-edge-the
    `Peter got hurt (on the edge of the table).'
Example #42:

    b.     Peter brændte sig (på ovnen).
    Peter burned REFL on oven-the
    `Peter got burned on the oven.'
Example #43:

    (41)    a.       Peter åbnede døren.                                      (cf. (39a))
    Peter opened door-the
    'Peter opened the door.'
Example #44:

    b.       Peter lukkede døren.                                     (cf. (39b))
    Peter closed door-the
    'Peter closed the door.'
Example #45:

    c.       Peter slog sig/sig selv/Hans med en kølle.               (cf. (40a))
    Peter hit REFL/REFL self/Hans with a club
    Peter hit himself/Hans with a club.'
Example #46:

    d.       Peter brændte sig/sig selv/Hans med en cigaret. (cf. (40b))
    Peter burned REFL/REFL self/Hans with a cigarette
    `Peter burned himself/Hans with a cigarette.'
Example #47:

    d.     Peter vaskede Hans selv.       ([+agentive], intentional    event,   [+contrast])
    Peter washed REFL/REFL self/Hans/Hans self
    `Peter washed (himself)/Hans (himself).'
Example #48:

    (52)      Peteri sagde at Marie dansede med alle andre end hami selv.
    Peter said that Mary danced with all others than him self
    `Peter said that Mary danced with everyone except himself.'