ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Bergeton, Uffe (2004). The Independence of Binding and Intensification, Chapter 2: Intensification.

URL: http://www-scf.usc.edu/~bergeton/D_CH2_May12.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-03-29).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 964&langcode=dan (2018-01-18).

 

Example #1:

    a.       Peter selv deltog i mødet.
    Peter self partook in meeting-the
    `Peter himself attended the meeting.
Example #2:

    Peter mistænkte sig selv.
    Peter suspected REFL self
    `Peter suspected himself.'
Example #3:

    kan blive til kontrakter på 300 km kystsikring. (JP July 20, 2003)
    self can become to contracts on 300 km coast securing
    could turn into contracts for 300 km coast securing.'
Example #4:

    a.      Peteri var   [ti selv] blevet nomineret til en Oscar.
    Peter was    self become nominated to an Oscar
    `Peter had    himself been nominated for an Oscar.'
Example #5:

    a.       Peter skrev stilen selv.
    Peter wrote essay-the self
    `Peter wrote the essay himself.'
Example #6:

    a.       Selv Peter kom.
    self Peter came
    `Even Peter came.'
Example #7:

    b.       Même Pierre est venu.
    same Peter is come
    `Even Peter came.'
Example #8:

    Selvet er en central del af psyken.
    self-the is a central part of psyche-the
    `The self is a central part of the psyche.'
Example #9:

    Selve huset er ikke meget værd.
    self house-the is not much worth
    `The house itself isn't worth much.'
Example #10:

    a.       selvrespekt
    self-respect
    `self-respect'
Example #11:

    b.       selvbygger
    self-builder
    `person building a house by himself/herself'
Example #12:

    (i)      Selve dronningen
    self-e queen-the
    `the queen herself'
Example #13:

    (14)      a.        Selvets begred
    self-the-POSS concept
    `the conception of self (/the ego)'
Example #14:

    b.        Selvet er en central del af psyken.
    self-the is a central part of psyche-the
    `The self is a central part of the psyche.'
Example #15:

    c.        Kun levende væsner kan have et selv.
    only living creatures can have a self
    `Only living creatures can have a self.'
Example #16:

    Dronningen selv holdt talen.
    queen-the self held speech-the
    `The Queen herself held the speech.'
Example #17:

    hans kone.
    I came not to to interview chancellor-the self; I came only to to talk to his wife
    `I did not get to interview the chancellor himself; I only got to talk to his wi
Example #18:

    Jeg gav ikke Dronningen selv blomsterne; jeg gav dem til hendes kammerpige.
    I gave not Queen-the self flowers-the; I gave them to her chamber-maid
    `I didn't give the Queen herself the flowers; I gave them to her maid.'
Example #19:

    Jeg gav blomsterne til Dronningen selv.
    I gave flowers-the to Queen-the self
    `I gave the flowers to the Queen herself.'
Example #20:

    Det var Dronningen selv, som modtog os.
    it was Queen-the self who received us
    `It was the Queen herself who received us.'
Example #21:

    Dronningen selv så     vi ikke. Vi så kun prinsene.
    Queen-the self saw     we not we saw only princes-the
    `The Queen herself     we didn't see. We only saw the princes.
Example #22:

    (24)      Det var Kongen selv, der løftede klaveret.
    It was king-the self who lifted the piano
    `It was the King himself who lifted the piano.'
Example #23:

    (27)      a.         skuespilleren som havde modtaget prisen
    actor-the who had received award-the
    `the actor who had received the award'
Example #24:

    b.         dronningen med den gyldne krone
    queen-the with the golden crown
    `the queen with the golden crown.'
Example #25:

    c.         dronningen af Sverige
    queen-the of Sweden
    `the queen of Sweden'
Example #26:

    (28)                 ??/*skuespilleren som havde modtaget prisen selv
    actor-the who had received award-the self
    `the actor who had received the award himself'
Example #27:

    b.        ??/*dronningen med den gyldne krone selv
    queen-the with the golden crown self
    `the queen with the golden crown herself'
Example #28:

    c12.      dronningen af Sverige selv
    queen-the of Sweden self
    `the queen of Sweden herself'
Example #29:

    (30)      Dronningen selv sammen med prinserne løftede klaveret.
    Queen-the self together with princes-the liftede piano-the
    `The Queen herself, together with the princes, lifted the piano.'
Example #30:

    (31)      a.        *skuespilleren selv som havde modtaget prisen
    actor-the self who had received award-the
    `the actor himself who had received the award'
Example #31:

    c.        *dronningen selv af Sverige
    queen-the self of Sweden
    `the queen herself of Sweden'
Example #32:

    (32)      Dronningen selv løftede klaveret sammen med prinserne.
    Queen-the self liftede piano-the together with princes-the
    `The Queen herself lifted the piano together with the princes.'
Example #33:

    (33)      a.        *skuespilleren selv kom til mødet som havde modtaget prisen
    actor-the self came to meeting-the who had received award-the
    `the actor himself came to the meeting who had received the award'
Example #34:

    b.        *dronningen selv satte sig på tronen med den gyldne krone
    queen-the self sat REFL on throne-the with the golden crown
    `the queen herself sat down on the throne with the golden crown.'
Example #35:

    c.       *dronningen selv satte sig på tronen af Sverige
    queen-the self sat REFL on throne-the of Sweden
    `the queen herself sat down on the throne of Sweden'
Example #36:

    a.      Kongen selv holdt en tale.                                          (intensifier)
    king-the self held a speech
    `The king himself delivered a speech.'
Example #37:

    b.      Selv viseværten holdt en tale.                                      (focus particle)
    self janitor held a speech
    `Even the janitor delivered a speech.'
Example #38:

    (40)     a.        *Det var selv biskoppen der holdt gudstjenesten. (focus particle)
    It was self bishop-the who held service-the
    `*It was even the bishop who held the service.'
Example #39:

    b.        Det var biskoppen selv der holdt gudstjenesten. (intensifier)
    It was bishop-the self who held service-the
    `It was the bishop himself who held the service.'
Example #40:

    (41)    a.      #Selv Dronningen gav nytårstalen.
    even queen-the gave new-years-speech-the
    `#Even the Queen delivered the New Year's Speech.'
Example #41:

    (42)    a.      Dronningen selv gav nytårstalen.
    queen-the self gave new-years-speech-the
    `The Queen herself delivered the New Year's Speech.'
Example #42:

    (55)         a.      dronningen selv
    queen-the self
    `the Queen herself'
Example #43:

    b.       biskoppen selv
    bishop-the self
    `the bishop himself'
Example #44:

    c.       statsministeren selv
    prime minister-the self
    `the prime minister himself'
Example #45:

    d.       præsidenten selv
    president-the self
    `the president himself'
Example #46:

    (i)                   Peter lovede os selv at skrive en artikel om skolesystemet.
    Peteri promised us ti self [PRO to write an article about school-system-the]
    `Peter himself promised us to write an article about the school system.'
Example #47:

    (75)     Læreren havde selv skrevet en stil.
    teacher-the had self written an essay
    `The teacher had himself written an essay.'
Example #48:

    (76)              Eleverne havde alle skrevet en stil.
    Pupils-the had all written an essay
    `The pupils had all written an essay.'
Example #49:

    (78)      *Ingen selv pudsede skoene.                                            (adnominal selv)
    nobody self polished shoes-the
    `*Nobody himself polished the shoes.'
Example #50:

    (79)      Statsministeren selv pudsede skoene.                                   (adnominal selv)
    prime minister-the self polished shoes-the
    `The prime minister himself polished the shoes.'
Example #51:

    (80)    Ingen pudsede skoene selv.                                  ("exclusive" selv)
    nobody polished shoes-the self
    `Nobody polished the shoes all by himself.'
Example #52:

    (81)    Statsministeren pudsede skoene selv.                        ("exclusive" selv)
    prime minister-the polished shoes-the self
    `The prime minister polished the shoes all by himself.'
Example #53:

    (82)    a.       ??/*Ingen pudsede selv skoene.           (q-floated selv)
    nobody polished self shoes-the
    `*Nobody polished himself the shoes.'
Example #54:

    b.       Statsministeren pudsede selv skoene.     (q-floated selv)
    prime minister-the polished self shoes-the
    `The prime minister himself polished the shoes.'
Example #55:

    (83)    a.       *Ingen er selv en klovn.                 (q-floated selv)
    nobody is self a clown
    `*Nobody is himself a clown.'
Example #56:

    b.       Statsministeren er selv en klovn.        (selv q-floated)
    prime minister-the is self a clown
    `The prime minister is himself a clown.'
Example #57:

    (85)    Statsministeren er ogsaa en klovn.
    prime minister-the is also a clown
    `Peter is also a clown.'
Example #58:

    (87)    Statsministeren er ogsaa selv en klovn.
    prime minister-the is also self a clown
    `The Prime minister is also a clown himself.'
Example #59:

    (88)    a.       Det var dronningen selv, som var blevet nomineret til en Oscar.
    it was queen-the self who was become nominated to an Oscar
    "It was the Queen herself who had been nominated for an Oscar."
Example #60:

    b.       (?)Det var dronningen, som selv var blevet nomineret til en Oscar.
    it was queen-the self who was become nominated to an Oscar
    It was the Queen who had herself been nominated for an Oscar.
Example #61:

    c.       *Det var selv dronningen, som var blevet nomineret til en Oscar.
    it was queen-the self who was become nominated to an Oscar
    *It was even the Queen who had been nominated for and Oscar.
Example #62:

    (89)     Statsministeren selv pudsede skoene selv.       (adnominal selv + "exclusive" selv)
    prime minister-the self polished shoes-the self
    `The prime minister himself polished the shoes without help from any one.'
Example #63:

    (90)     Statsministeren pudsede selv skoene selv.       (q-floated selv + "exclusive" selv)
    prime minister-the polished self shoes-the self
    `The prime minister himself polished the shoes without help from any one.'
Example #64:

    (91)     #Statsministeren selv pudsede selv skoene.       (adnominal selv + q-floated selv)
    prime minister-the self polished self shoes-the
    `The prime minister himself (himself) polished the shoes.'
Example #65:

    (92)      a.        Peter er SELV en klovn.
    Peter is self a clown
    `Peter is HIMSELF a clown'
Example #66:

    b.        ??PETER er selv en klovn.
    Peter is self a clown
    `PETER is himself a clown'
Example #67:

    c.        ??Peter er selv en KLOVN.
    Peter is self a clown.
    `Peter is himself a CLOWN.'
Example #68:

    (93)      a.        Manden (*som var skaldet) selv kom til festen.
    man who was bald self came to party-the
    `The man who was bald himself came to the party'
Example #69:

    b.        Den gamle mand (*med blå bukser) selv kom til festen.
    the old man with blue trousers self came to party-the
    `The old man with blue trousers himself came to the party'
Example #70:

    (94)      a.        Manden som var skaldet kom selv til festen.
    man-the who was bald came self to party-the
    `The man who was bald himself came to the party'
Example #71:

    b.        Den gamle mand med blå bukser kom selv til festen.
    the old man with blue trousers came self to party-the
    `The old man with blue trousers himself came to the party'
Example #72:

    (95)36 a.           Læreren         roste os                 alle.
    teacher-the     praised us               all.
    `The teacher praised us all.'
Example #73:

    b.        Peter gav       dem      alle            en         krone.
    Peter gave them all                      a          crown (=monetary unit in Denmark).
    `Peter gave them all a crown.'
Example #74:

    (96)      a.        Alt      oksekødet        er             udsolgt.
    all      beef-the         is             sold out.
    `All the beef is sold out.'
Example #75:

    (i)        a.        Læreren               roste     alle       eleverne.
    teacher-the           praised all          pupils-the
    `The teacher praised all the pupils.'
Example #76:

    b.        Peter       gav       alle      børnene              en       krone.
    Peter       gave      all       children-the         a        crown
    `Peter gave all the children a crown'.
Example #77:

    b.      Jeg       inviterede          alle    mine venner.
    I         invited all         my      friends
    `I        invited             all     my      friends.'
Example #78:

    c.      Du        får      al         den     hjælp(common) du        behøver.
    you       get      all        the     help             you    need
    `You're    getting all        the     help             you    need.
Example #79:

    (97)    a.      Eleverne         bestod alle       eksamen.
    pupils-the       passed all        exam-the
    `The pupils all passed the exam.'
Example #80:

    b.      Vi      er       alle     tilfredse med resultatet.
    we      are      all      satisfied with result-the
    `We are all satisfied with the result.'
Example #81:

    c.      Vi      er       selv     tilfredse med resultatet.
    we      are      self     pleased with    result-the
    `We are ourselves pleased with the result.'
Example #82:

    (98)    Peter   malte     muren selv.
    Peter   painted    wall-the        self
    (i)       `Peter painted the wall itself.'            (adnominal selv)
Example #83:

    (99)    Peter   malte     den        selv.
    Peter   painted     it       self
    (ii)       `Peter   himself painted it'               (q-floated selv)
Example #84:

    (101)   a.              Peter malte ikke muren selv.                            ("exclusive" selv)
    Peter painted not wall-the self
    `Peter didn't paint the wall himself.'
Example #85:

    c.              Peter malte den ikke selv.                              ("exclusive" or q-floated selv)
    Peter painted it not self
    (ii)    `Peter himself didn't paint it.'
Example #86:

    (102)    a.        Peter havde (ikke) malt muren selv.                      ("exclusive" selv)
    Peter had (not) painted wall-the self
    `Peter had not painted the wall himself.'
Example #87:

    b.        Peter havde (ikke) selv malt muren.                      (q-floated selv)
    Peter had (not) self painted wall-the
    `Peter himself had not painted the wall.'
Example #88:

    (103)    a         Peter havde (ikke) malt den selv.                        ("exclusive" selv)
    Peter had (not) painted it self
    `Peter had not painted it himself.'
Example #89:

    b.        ?Peter havde (ikke) selv malt den.                       (q-floated selv)
    Peter had (not) self painted it
    `Peter himself had not painted it.'
Example #90:

    b.        ...     at Peter ikke malte muren selv.                     ("exclusive" selv)
    ...     that Peter not painted wall-the self
    `...   that Peter didn't paint the wall himself.'
Example #91:

    d.        ...     at Peter ikke malte den selv.                       ("exclusive" selv)
    ...     that Peter not painted it self
    `...   that Peter didn't paint it himself.'
Example #92:

    (107)   a.      Jeg SELV tør aldrig modsige ham.                   (adnominal selv, in situ)
    I self dare never contradict him
    `I myself dare never contradict him.'
Example #93:

    b.         Kongen SELV har ringe magt.                         (adnominal selv, in situ)
    king-the self has slight power
    `The king himself has little power.'
Example #94:

    (108)       a.         SELV tør jeg aldrig modsige ham.                    (fronted adnominal selv)
    self dare I never contradict him
    `I myself dare never contradict him.'
Example #95:

    b.         SELV har kongen ringe magt.                         (fronted adnominal selv)
    self has king-the slight power
    `The king himself has little power.'
Example #96:

    (109)       a.         Selv JEG tør aldrig modsige ham.                    (scalar additive focus particle)
    even I dare never contradict him
    `Even I dare never contradict him.'
Example #97:

    b.         Selv KONGEN har ringe magt.                         (scalar additive focus particle)
    even king-the has slight power
    `Even the king has little power.'
Example #98:

    (110)    a.        */??Selv har en konge ringe magt.
    self has a king slight power
    `A king himself has little power.'
Example #99:

    b.        */??En konge selv har ringe magt.
    a king self has slight power
    `A king himself has little power.'
Example #100:

    c.        Selv en konge har ringe magt.
    even a king has slight power
    `Even a king has little power.'
Example #101:

    (113)    Peter reparerede bilen selv.
    Peter repaired car-the self
    `Peter repaired the car himself'
Example #102:

    (114)    a.        Peter reparerede bilen helt selv.
    Peter repaired the car completely self
    `Peter repaired the car all by himself.'
Example #103:

    b.        Peter reparerede bilen helt alene.
    Peter repaired the car completely alone
    `Peter repaired the car all alone.'
Example #104:

    (115)42 a.          *Peter malte helt selv huset.
    Peter painted completely self house-the
    `Peter painted the house all by himself'.
Example #105:

    b.        *Peter reparerede (helt) alene bilen.
    Peter painted completely alone house-the
    `Peter repaired the car all alone'
Example #106:

    b.        Peter malte huset (meget) hurtigt.
    Peter painted house-the (very) fast
    `Peter painted the house very fast.'
Example #107:

    (117)     a.        Kun Peter reparerede bilen.
    Only Peter repaired car-the
    `Only Peter repaired the car.'
Example #108:

    (iii)      a.         Taj e     sam.
    he is     alone
    `He is    alone.'
Example #109:

    b.         Taj dojde sam.
    he came alone
    `He came alone.'
Example #110:

    (118)   a.      Peter barberede kongen selv.
    Peter shaved king-the self
    (ii)    `Peter shaved the king all by himself.' (selv = exclusive manner
Example #111:

    b.      Peter barberede kongen helt selv.                (selv = excl. adv. intensifier)
    Peter shaved king-the completely self
    `Peter shaved the king all by himself.'
Example #112:

    a.      Kongen selv holdt talen.                         (adnominal intensifier)
    king-the self held speech-the
    `The king himself delivered the speech.'
Example #113:

    b.      Selv viseværten holdt en tale.                 (scalar additive focus particle)
    self janitor held a speech
    `Even the janitor delivered a speech.'
Example #114:

    (126)     a.         Selv Peter var i stand til at løse problemet.
    even Peter was in state to to solve problem-the
    `Even Peter was capable of solving the problem.'
Example #115:

    b.         Selv ham ville hun gerne kysse.
    even him would she willingly kiss
    `She was willing to kiss even him.'
Example #116:

    c.         Han betalte selv for hende.
    he paid even for her
    `He paid even for her.'
Example #117:

    d.         Selv når det regner er han glad.
    even when it rains is he happy
    `He is happy even when it rains.'
Example #118:

    (129)    Peter endog CYKLEDE rundt om blokken.
    Peter even BIKED around about block-the
    `Peter even BIKED around the block.'
Example #119:

    b.       Selv kongen kom til mødet.
    even king-the came to meeting-the
    `Even the king came to the meeting.'
Example #120:

    (148)   a.       *Det var selv Peter der kom for sent.
    it was even Peter who came for late
    `*It was even Peter who was late.'
Example #121:

    b.       Det var Peter selv der kom for sent.
    it was Peter self who came for late
    `It was Peter himself who was late.'
Example #122:

    (149)   a.       *En student selv løste opgaven.
    a student self solved problem-the
    `*A student himself solved the problem.'
Example #123:

    b.       Selv en student løste opgaven.
    even a student solved problem-the
    `Even a student solved the problem.'
Example #124:

    (150)       a.       selvets begred
    self-the-POSS concept
    `the conception of self (/the ego)'
Example #125:

    b.        Selvet er en central del af psyken.
    self-the is a central part of psyche-the
    `The self is a central part of the psyche.'
Example #126:

    c.        Kun levende væsner kan have et selv.
    only living creatures can have a self
    `Only living creatures can have a self.'
Example #127:

    c.        Chacun doit proteger sa propre *je/moi/*me/*même/personne.
    everyone ought protect his own me/same/person
    `Everyone ought to protect his own self/person.'
Example #128:

    (152)    Selve huset er ikke meget værd. (house=core vs. rest of property=periphery)
    self house-the is not much worth
    `The house itself isn't worth much.'
Example #129:

    (153)    Selve biskoppen kommer paa besøg.
    self bishop-the comes on visit
    `The bishop himself is paying a visit.'
Example #130:

    (154)    Vi bor i selve København.       (Copenhagen=core vs. suburbs=periphery)
    we live in self Copenhagen
    `We live in Copenhagen itself.'
Example #131:

    (155)    *Selve en sjællænder har fortalt mig det.
    self a Zealander has told me it
    `A Zealander himself told me.'
Example #132:

    (156)     En sjællænder selv har fortalt mig det.
    a Zealander self has told me it
    `A Zealander himself told me.'
Example #133:

    (157)     a.        ??*Selve Peter kommer på besøg.
    self Peter comes on visit
    `Peter himself is paying a visit.'
Example #134:

    b.        Selve biskoppen/Dronningen/præsidenten kommer på besøg.
    self bishop-the/Queen-the/president-the comes on visit
    `The bishop himself is paying a visit.'
Example #135:

    (158)    Vi blev inviteret til middag hos selveste direktøren.
    we were invited to dinner at self-est      boss-the
    `We were invited to dinner with the managing director himself.'
Example #136:

    (159)    Selveste dronningen tog imod os.
    self-est Queen-the took against us
    `The Queen herself welcomed us.'
Example #137:

    (162)   a.       Peter bedrager sig selv.
    Peter deceives REFL self
    `Peter deceives himself'
Example #138:

    (164)    A:        Tak for i aftes.                  (Allan et al. (1995:170)
    thank for in evening
    `Thank you for (the party, etc.) last night.
Example #139:

    B:        Selv tak!
    self thank
    Thank you! (with stress on `you'.)
Example #140:

    (165)     a.        Det siger sig selv.
    it says REFL self
    `That is obvious.'