The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Falk, Y.N. SYNTACTIC SUBJECTHOOD:Pivotless Languages

URL: http://pluto.mscc.huji.ac.il/~msyfalk/Subjecthood/Pivotless.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-31).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1240&langcode=cic (2021-10-24).


Example #1:

    (1)      a.       Kisili- li
    bite- 1sgI
    `I bite him.'
Example #2:

    b.       Sa- kisili
    1sgII- bite
    `He bites me.'
Example #3:

    (3)      a.       Chim- ambi- li.
    2sgIII- beat- 1sgI
    `I beat you (in a contest).'
Example #4:

    (4)    a.      Malili- li
    ran- 1sgI
    `I ran.'
Example #5:

    b.      Hotolhko- li
    coughed- 1sgI
    `I coughed (on purpose).'
Example #6:

    (5)    a.      Sa- chokma
    1sgII- good
    `I am good.'
Example #7:

    b.      Sa- hotolhko
    1sgII- coughed
    `I coughed.'
Example #8:

    (7)    a.     Hattak- at    malili.
    man- NOM run
    `The man runs.' (NOM triggers I agreement)
Example #9:

    c.     Hattak- at    an- k-            abi- tok.
    man- NOM my- father- OBL kill- PST
    `The man killed my father.' (NOM triggers I agreement)
Example #10:

    d.     Hattak- at    chokma.
    man- NOM good
    `The man is good.' (NOM triggers II agreement)