The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Irina Nikolaeva Possessive affixes in the pragmatic structuring of the utterance: Evidence from Uralic

URL: http://ling.uni-konstanz.de/pages/home/nikolaeva/papers/izhevsk.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-12-22).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1541&langcode=mhr (2021-10-23).


Example #1:

    (1)    a.         (tu -n)        wt-s                                             Cheremis
    (he-GEN)       water-3SG
    his water
Example #2:

    b.         Wt-s         jo a, ser-ze           ko es.
    water-3SG      runs bank-3SG          remains
    The water is running (and) the riverbanks remain. (Bereczki 1990: 43)
Example #3:

    (3)    Ot         j     k n-ze        jum la-n       tau.                          Cheremis
    NEG drink if-3SG               God-GEN       thank
    If you don't drink, thanks be to God. (Bereczki 1990: 43)
Example #4:

    b.       r-em-ze,  r-em-ze,  r!                                           Cheremis
    girl-1SG-3SG girl-1SG-3SG girl
    And my daughter, what sort of girl she is! (Tuzarov 1987: 67)
Example #5:

    (24)   T j-ze       kuze ilas       t alat?                                   Cheremis
    you-3SG      how live will.2SG
    And how are you going to live? (Tuzarov 1987: 67)
Example #6:

    (25)   a.      A       tj      kuz e   jratet-se?                                     Cheremis
    and     you     how     love.2SG-3SG
    And how do you love? (Bereczki 1990: 43)
Example #7:

    bertyz          i ni .
    returned.3SG already
    The elder son of the neighbors has already returned from army service.
Example #8:

    rwez- st-vlak ...         m od t .
    young-3PL-PL              play.3PL
    The elderly people s   it by the house, (while) the young people play.