The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Martha McGinnis (2005). Phi-feature competition in morphology and syntax.

URL: http://www.ucalgary.ca/~mcginnis/papers/PhiComp.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2135&langcode=kat (2021-10-22).


Example #1:

    (6)    a.     g-nax-es
    `They saw you (sg/pl).'
Example #2:

    b.     g-nax-a-t
    `(S)he saw you (pl).'
Example #3:

    c.     g-nax-a
    `(S)he saw you (sg).'
Example #4:

    (16)   a.      m-i-qvar-xar
    1.DAT-APPL.PART-   love-2
    `I love you.'
Example #5:

    b.     m-i-qvar-s
    1.DAT-APPL.PART-   love-3
    `I love him/her/them.'
Example #6:

    c.     g-i-qvar-var
    2.DAT-APPL.PART-   love-1
    `You love me.'
Example #7:

    d.     g-i-qvar-s
    2.DAT-APPL.PART-   love-3
    `You love him/her/them.'
Example #8:

    (17)   a.     v-u-qvar-var
    `S/he loves me./They love me.'
Example #9:

    b.     -u-qvar-xar
    `S/he loves you./They love you.'
Example #10:

    (19)   a.     da-malav-s
    `S/he is hiding it.'
Example #11:

    b.     da-u-malav-s
    `S/he is hiding it from him/her.'
Example #12:

    c.     da-m-i-malav-s
    PREV-1.DAT-APPL.    PART-hide-3
    `S/he is hiding it from me.'
Example #13:

    (21)   a.     m-i-ki-xar
    1.DAT-APPL.PART-   praise
    `I have praised you.'
Example #14:

    b.     m-i-ki-a
    1.DAT-APPL.PART-   praise-3
    `I have praised him/her/them.'
Example #15:

    c.     g-i-ki-var
    2.DAT-APPL.PART-   praise
    `You have praised me.'
Example #16:

    d.     g-i-ki-a
    2.DAT-APPL.PART-   praise-3
    `You have praised him/her/them.'
Example #17:

    (22)   a.     v-u-ki-var
    `S/he has praised me./They have praised me.'
Example #18:

    b.     -u-ki-xar
    `S/he has praised you./They have praised you.'
Example #19:

    (i)      vano-m       sen   givi-s      se-g-a-dara.
    Vano-ERG you Givi-DAT PREV-2.DAT-APPL-compare.                AOR
    `Vano compared you to Givi.'
Example #20:

    (ii)    * vano-m     sen   g-u-ko                    direktors.
    Vano-ERG you 2.     DAT-APPL-   praise.AOR principal-DAT
    `Vano praised you to the principal.'