The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Malcolm D. Ross (2004). The Morphosyntactic Typology of Oceanic Languages.

URL: http://www.ling.sinica.edu.tw/publish/LL5.2-06-Ross-paper.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3430&langcode=mna (2021-10-22).


Example #1:

    Salum i-la            Lae         [be       i-giimi     kini]
    Salum S:3S-go Lae                  COMP S:3S-buy        food
    `Salum went to Lae to buy food.' (Bugehagen 1995:274)
Example #2:

    (55) a. Nio a-ute              [(ta)     Apei i-mar            neeri       na]    som
    D:1S S:1S-know           SPEC Apei D:3S-come yesterday GIVEN NEG
    `I didn't know that Apei came yesterday.' (Bugenhagen 1995:254)
Example #3:

    b. Nio a-re             i        [i-kem       mburu     ku]
    D:1S S:1S-see        O:3S      S:3S-steal  things    LOC.2S
    `I saw him steal your things.' (Bugenhagen 1995:254)
Example #4:

    c. I-so         pio         [be       gaaga       to     i-mar]
    S:1S-say DAT.1S           COMP tomorrow then S:1S-come
    `He told me that he would come tomorrow.' (Bugenhagen 1995:269)
Example #5:

    d. Ti-mama           yo        [be        a-kam pizin]
    S:3P-urge         O:1S       COMP S:1S-do DAT.3P
    `They urged me to give it to them.' (Bugenhagen 1995:272)
Example #6:

    e. A-maga             [be         a-po       ruumu]
    S:1S-stand up       COMP S:1S-tie         house
    `I started to build the house.'
Example #7:

    f. Nio a-rao [(be)           a-so      sua i-la      iwalbiibi mata-n na       som]
    D:1S S:1S-can COMP S:1S-say talk S:3S-go crowd              eye-P:3P GIVEN NEG
    `I am not able to speak in front of a large crowd.' (Bugenhagen 1995:271)