The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Li-May Sung (2006). Verbal Reflexives/Reciprocals in (Some) Formosan Languages.

URL: http://www.sil.org/asia/philippines/ical/papers/sung-reflexives_reciprocals_formosan.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3459&langcode=dru (2021-10-23).


Example #1:

    (i) ngi-a-pa-pa-pacay         ka takanaw
    Refl-Realis-Cau-Red-kill Nom Takanaw
    `Takanaw killed himself.'     (Zeitoun 2000: 59)
Example #2:

    (ii) kai saLabo     ngi-a-sa-syukai           ki      takanaw
    Nom saLabo Refl-Realis-Red-introduce Obl             takanaw
    `SaLabo introduced himself to Takanaw.'
Example #3:

    ngi-a-ka-ka-cuake              kai      kisi
    Refl-realis-Red-state-break Nom         bowl
    `The bowl broke by itself (due to overheating).'
Example #4:

    ngi-a-e-elebe       ku    LawLawDu kai          takanaw
    Refl-realis-close    Acc    door        Nom Takanaw
    `Takanaw closed the door by himself (without somebody else's help).'
Example #5:

    kai zipulu    si muni         ma-La-Lumay
    Nom Zipulu and Muni           Rec-Red-hit
    `Zipulu and Muni hit each other.'