The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Broschart, Jürgen and Carmen Dawuda Beyond Nouns and Verbs: Typological Studies in Lexical Categorisation

URL: http://www.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/sfb282/working_papers/BEYNOUNF.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 505&langcode=lzz (2021-10-22).


Example #1:

    (1)      ma koCi bore
    1.SG man COP.1.SG
    `I am a man'
Example #2:

    (2)      ma Peteri         bore
    1.SG Peter        COP.1.SG
    `I am Peter'
Example #3:

    (3)      ma kirali bore
    1.SG king COP.1.SG
    `I am (the) king'
Example #4:

    (4)      ma didi bore
    1.SG tall COP.1.SG
    `I am tall'
Example #5:

    (5)      b-ziG-am
    `I laugh'
Example #6:

    (6)      Peteri biCi var on
    Peter boy NEG COP.3.SG
    `Peter is not a boy'
Example #7:

    (7)      Peteri va-ziG-ay
    Peter NEG-laugh-3.SG.PRES
    `Peter does not laugh'
Example #8:

    (8)      b-zir-am
    `I see/find him'
Example #9:

    (9)   g-zir-am
    `I see you'
Example #10:

    (10) m-zir-am
    `you see me'
Example #11:

    (11) m-zir-ay
    `he sees me'
Example #12:

    (12) b-i-mpul-am
    `I hide'
Example #13:

    (13) i-mpul-am
    `you hide'
Example #14:

    (14) i-mpul-ay
    `he hides'
Example #15:

    (15) b-a-mpul-am
    `I hide from him'
Example #16:

    (16) a-mpul-am
    `you hide from him'
Example #17:

    (17) m-a-mpul-am
    `you hide from me'
Example #18:

    (18) g-a-mpul-am
    `I hide from you'
Example #19:

    (19) b-o-mpul-am
    `I hide him'
Example #20:

    (20) g-o-mpul-am
    `I hide you'
Example #21:

    (21) m-o-mpul-am
    `you hide me'
Example #22:

    (22) m-o-mpul-ay
    `he hides me'
Example #23:

    (23) o-mpul-am
    `you hide him'
Example #24:

    (24) b-u-mpul-am
    `I hide something from him'
Example #25:

    (25) u-mpul-am
    `you hide something from him'
Example #26:

    (26) ce-k-C-am
    `I hit you'
Example #27:

    (27) KoCi laCi ce-C-ay
    man dog PV-hit-3.SG.PRES
    `The man hits the dog'
Example #28:

    (28) KoCi oxorza manto me-C-u
    man woman coat       PV-give-3.SG.PERF
    `the man gave the woman a coat'
Example #29:

    (29) ? laCi KoCi Kale c-i-C-en
    dog      man side PV-OR-hit-MED
    `the dog was beaten by (on the side of) the man'
Example #30:

    (30) laCi c-i-C-en
    dog PV-OR-beat-MED
    `the dog got beaten'
Example #31:

    (31) araba benzini-te ulu-n
    car petrol-INS drive-PRES
    `the car drives with petrol'
Example #32:

    (32) Peteri oxori-Sa       ulu-n
    Peter home-MOT        go-PRES
    Peter goes home
Example #33:

    (33) Peteri oxori-Sa    mulu-n
    Peter home-MOT come-PRES
    Peter comes from home
Example #34:

    (34) Peteri livadi on
    Peter garden COP.3.SG
    Peter is in the garden
Example #35:

    (35) Peteri-Si oxori
    Peter-GEN house
    `Peter's house'
Example #36:

    (36) hani biTumi SKimi msKva mCita xut diSka toPi masa na goo-z-un
    these all      my     beautiful red 5 wood ball table REL PV-lie-3.PL.PRES
    `all these five beautiful red wooden balls which are lying on the table'
Example #37:

    (37) oxore-pe Skimi-Sa bulur
    house-PL my-MOT go:1SG:PRES
    `I go to my houses'
Example #38:

    (38) para     na dvaCirertei-pe
    money REL need:3PL-PL
    `the ones who need money'
Example #39:

    (39) Metini Sevimi-Sa daha        didi on
    Metin Sevim-MOT COMP tall COP.3.SG
    `Metin is taller than Sevim'
Example #40:

    (40) Ali Metini-Sa     daha      laCi on
    Ali Metin-MOT COMP dog COP.3.SG
    Ali is more dog-like (sillier than) Metini
Example #41:

    (43) o-kos-ale
Example #42:

    (44) o-kos-u
    `to sweep'