The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Volker Gast & Peter Siemund (2002). Identical Agents -- on the interrelation between adverbial intensifiers and reflexives.

URL: http://noam.philologie.fu-berlin.de/~gast/home/hopdf/japan2.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 68&langcode=ote (2021-07-29).


Example #1:

    Ra Suwa bi          N-               hyó
    DET Juan 3PAST- MID-                 kill
    `Somebody killed John.'
Example #2:

    Ra Suwa        [[bi      N-             hyó] s h ]
    DET Juan       3PAST- REFL/IMPERS- kill         INT(ADV)
    `Juan killed   himself' (but not: `Juan was killed')
Example #3:

    Ra Suwa          bi      N-                   hyó -s
    IMPERS                  ADV
    `John killed    himself'
Example #4:

    (31)      Bi      hy ní s h
    3PAST- cut     INT(ADV)/REFL
    `He cut himself'