The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

ARKA, I WAYAN AND JELADU KOSMAS (2002). Passive without passive morphology? Evidence from Manggarai.

URL: http://rspas.anu.edu.au/linguistics/iwa/Arka-Kosmas-final.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-03-29).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 868&langcode=cmn (2021-10-23).


Example #1:

    (42) a.      Zhou Hua     zhemo         Gao Qiang                          (Shi 1997)
    NAME         torment       NAME
    `Zhou Hua tormented Gao Qiang'
Example #2:

    b.      Gao Qiang    bei    Zhou Hua      zhemo
    NAME         BEI NAME             torment
    `Gao Qiang was tormented by Zhou Hua'
Example #3:

    c.      Wo      bei       liyongle
    I       BEI       use.ASP
    'I was used'