The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Stephen Wilson and Ayse Pinar Saygin (2003). Adverbs and Functional Heads in Turkish.

URL: http://crl.ucsd.edu/~saygin/papers/WECOLpaper.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 10&langcode=tur (2021-09-19).


Example #1:

    (2)   stanbul-a       gid-iyor-um.
    Istanbul-DAT go-PROG-1sg
    `I am going to Istanbul.'
Example #2:

    (3)   stanbul-a       git-me-yecek-ti-m.
    Istanbul-DAT go-NEG-FUT-PAST-1sg
    `I wasn't going to go to Istanbul.'
Example #3:

    (6)     Ahmet hizli     ko-uyor-du
    Ahmet quickly run-PROG-PAST.3sg
    `Ahmet was running quickly.'
Example #4:

    (7) a. Acikcasi muhtemelen gel-me-yece-im.
    frankly     probably    come-NEG-FUT-1sg
    `Frankly, I probably won't come.'
Example #5:

    b. *Muhtemelen acikcasi gel-me-yece-im.
    probably        frankly    come-NEG-FUT-1sg
    `Probably I frankly won't come.'
Example #6:

    (8) a. Her zaman     iyi  yaz-ar.
    always        good write-AOR.3sg
    `He always writes well.'
Example #7:

    b. *Iyi her zaman yaz-ar.
    Good always      write-AOR.3sg
    `He well always writes.'
Example #8:

    (9) a. Ahmet imdi akillica teslim       ol-du.
    Ahmet now wisely surrender be-PAST.3sg
    `Ahmet has now wisely surrendered.'
Example #9:

    b. Ahmet akillica imdi teslim       ol-du.
    Ahmet wisely now surrender be-PAST.3sg
    `Ahmet has wisely now surrendered.'
Example #10:

    zaten ora-da-dir.
    already there-LOC-3sg
    `When we get to class, Can is {always/usually} already there.'
Example #11:

    (11) a. Can       zaten {her zaman/genelde} ders-e           gel-ir.
    Can       already {always/usually}      class-DAT    come-AOR.3sg
    `Can    already {always/usually} comes to class.'
Example #12:

    (15)      Ahmet dün         oku-yor-du.
    Ahmet yesterday read-PROG-PAST.3sg
    `Ahmet was reading yesterday.'
Example #13:

    (16) a. Cüneyt yarin     oku-yor       ol-acak.
    Cüneyt tomorrow read-PROG be-FUT.3sg
    `Tomorrow Cüneyt will be reading.'
Example #14:

    (17) a. Deniz gel-ebil-ecek.
    Deniz come-ABIL-FUT.3sg
    `Deniz will be able to come.'
Example #15:

    (18)      *Ahmet dün         oku-du-yor.
    Ahmet yesterday read-PAST-PROG.3sg
    `Ahmet is having read yesterday.'
Example #16:

    (19)      Saat iki-de       Can genelde yi-yecek ol-ur.
    hour two-LOC Can usually           eat-FUT be-AOR.3sg
    `At two o'clock, Can is usually about to eat.'
Example #17:

    (20)      On sene sonra hala bu lokanta-ya            gid-er    ol-acak.
    ten year after still this restaurant-DAT go-AOR be-FUT.3sg
    `In ten years, he will still be going to this restaurant.'
Example #18:

    (21)     Ahmet gel-ebil-di.
    Ahmet come-ABIL-PAST.3sg
    `Ahmet was able to come.'
Example #19:

    (22) a. Ahmet gel-mi        ol-abil-ir.
    Ahmet come-ANT be-POSS-AOR.3sg
    `Ahmet might have come.'
Example #20:

    b. *Ahmet gel-mi     ol-ur.
    Ahmet come-ANT be-AOR.3sg
    `Ahmet has come.'
Example #21:

    (23) a. Abla-m arki söylü-yor         ol-abil-ir-di.
    sister-1sg song sing-PROG be-POSS-AOR-PAST.3sg
    `My sister might have been singing songs.'
Example #22:

    b. *Abla-m arki söylü-yor-du            ol-abil-ir.
    sister-1sg song sing-PROG-PAST be-POSS-AOR.3sg
    `My sister might have been singing songs.'
Example #23:

    (24) a. Ahmet gel-ecek      ol-abil-ir.
    Ahmet come-FUT be-POSS-AOR.3sg
    `Ahmet might come.'
Example #24:

    b. *Ahmet gel-ebil-ir
    Ahmet come-POSS-AOR be-FUT.3sg
    `Ahmet might come.'
Example #25:

    (25)     Abla-m belki      arki söyl-üyor-du
    sister-1sg maybe song sing-PROG-PAST.3sg
    `Maybe my sister was singing songs.'
Example #26:

    (27)     *Ahmet gel-meli        ol-acak.
    Ahmet come-OBLIG be-FUT.3sg
    `Ahmet will have to come.'
Example #27:

    (28)     Ahmet-in    gel-me-si        gerek-ecek.
    Ahmet-GEN come-NOM-3sg necessary-FUT.3sg
    `Ahmet's coming will be necessary (i.e. Ahmet will have to come).'
Example #28:

    (29)     Bil-iyor-mu-sun?
    `Do you know?'
Example #29:

    (30)     Can gel-ecek-mi-y-di?
    Can come-FUT-QST-AUX-PAST
    `Was Can going to come?'