The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Lutz Marten (2005). The Dynamics of Agreement and Conjunction.

URL: http://mercury.soas.ac.uk/users/lm5/FCALingua.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1014&langcode=swh (2021-09-26).


Example #1:

    (1a)   wa-toto         wa-me-lala
    NP2-children SC3pl-PERF-sleep
    `The children slept'
Example #2:

    (2a)   wa-me-lala                     wa-toto
    SC3pl-PERF-    PERF-s   leep   NP2-children
    `The children slept'
Example #3:

    (3a)   Haroub na Nayla         wa-li-kuja
    Haroub and Nayla        SC3pl-PAST-come
    `Haroub and Nayla came'
Example #4:

    (4a)   wa-li-kuja              Haroub na Nayla
    SC3pl-PAST-come         Haroub and Nayla
    `Haroub and Nayla came'
Example #5:

    (4b)   a-li-kuja               Haroub na Nayla
    SC3sg -PAST-come Haroub and Nayla
    `Haroub and Nayla came'
Example #6:

    (38a) Amina a-li-wa-ona                       Haroub na Nayla
    Amina SC3sg-PAST-OC3pl-see             Haroub and Nayla
    `Amina saw Haroub and Nayla'
Example #7:

    (38b) Amina a-li-mw-ona                      Haroub na Nayla
    Amina SC3sg-PAST-OC3sg-see            Haroub and Nayla
    `Amina saw Haroub and Nayla'
Example #8:

    (39)   A-li-m-funga                  Jeejee na Sichana     pamoja
    SC3sg-PAST-OC3sg-tie          Jeejee and Sichana    together
    `S/he tied Jeejee and Sichana together'
Example #9:

    (44a) Haroub na Nayla,         Amina a-li-wa-ona
    Haroub and Nayla       Amina SC3sg-PAST-OC3pl-see
    `Haroub and Nayla, Amina saw'