The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Turan,Umit Deniz (1996). Null Vs. Overt Subjects in Turkish Discourse: A Centering Analysis.

URL: http://www.ircs.upenn.edu/download/techreports/1996/96-13.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-11).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1073&langcode=jpn (2022-01-20).


Example #1:

    9. a. Yamadai wa         syuran       da.
    Yamada TOPIC violent-when drunk-is.
    `Yamada gets violent when drunk.'
Example #2:

    b. Dakara dare mo i paatii ni yobani.
    Therefore anybody partyto invite-not-Present.
    `Therefore, nobody will invite him to parties.'
Example #3:

    10. a. Tarooi ga Hanakok ni Ziroom a gakkoo de syookaisiata no desu ka?
    NOM            ACC           to school at introduced            QUEST
    `Did Taroo introduce Hanako to Ziroo at school?'
Example #4:

    b. Hai i k m gakkoo de syookaisiata no desu.
    Yes           school at introduced.
    `Yes, (he) introduced (him) (to her) at school.'
Example #5:

    11. A: Dare ga issyookenmei huransugo o benkyoosite imasu ka.
    who hard              French        study        is    QUEST
    `Who is studying French hard?'
Example #6:

    B: Hanakoga benkyoosite imasu.
    studying is.
    `Hanako is studying (it hard).'
Example #7:

    b. Mary ga i matte iru no desu.
    is waiting for.
    `Mary is waiting for (her).'
Example #8:

    c. i k yuusyoku ni syootaisita no desu.
    dinner to invited.
    Weak preference: `(Mary) invited (Rosa) to dinner.'
Example #9:

    11. a. Maxi wa dare o matte-iru no.
    Max TOP who OBJ is-waiting Quest.
    `WhoisMax waiting for?'
Example #10:

    b. i Rosa o matte-iru n-da yo.
    OBJ is-waiting
    `(He) is waiting for Rosa.'
Example #11:

    c. i Rosa/kanozyo/ o yuusyoku ni sasotta n-da.
    Rosa/her           OBJ supper to invited.
    `(He) invited Rosa to dinner.'
Example #12:

    14. a. Tarooi wa         kooen o sanpo-siteita.
    TOPIC park walk around.
    `Taroo was walking around the park.'
Example #13:

    b. Hanakoga          i yatto mituketa.
    SUBJ nally found.
    `Hanako nally found (him).'
Example #14:

    c. i=k i=k yotei o setumeisita.
    SUBJ OBJ schedule explained.
    `(She) explained the schedule to (him ).'