The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Han, Chung-hye (1998). The Structure and Interpretation of Imperatives: Mood and Force in Universal Grammar.

URL: http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~ircs/download/techreports/1998/98-29.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-11).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1078&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    a.    omae-ga tabe-ro!
    you-Nom eat-Imp
    `You eat!'
Example #2:

    b.    Nobo-yo, omae-ga tabe-ro!
    Nobo-Voc, you-Nom eat-Imp
    `Nobo, you eat!'
Example #3:

    a.    watasi-wa otooto-ga uti-e kaette-kite hosi-i.
    I-Top     brother-Nom home-to return  want-Pres
    `I want my brother to go back home.'
Example #4:

    b.    watasi-wa PRO uti-e kaette-kite hosi-i.
    I-Top     PRO home-to return    want-Pres
    `I want togoback home.'
Example #5:

    a. syouko-o        inmetu-siro!
    evidence-Acc destroy-Imp
    `Destroy the evidence!'
Example #6:

    b. Akira-wa Takasi-ni syouko-o            inmetu-siro-to meireisita.
    Akira-Top Takasi-Dat evidence-Acc destroy-Imp-Comp ordered
    `Akira ordered Takasi to destroy the evidence.'
Example #7:

    a. tabe-runa!
    `Don't eat!'
Example #8:

    b. Akira-wa Takasi-ni tabe-runa-to          meireisita.
    Akira-Top Takasi-Dat eat-not.Imp-Comp ordered
    `Akira ordered Takasi to not eat.'