The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Heidi Harley (1995). SASE BIZARRE.

URL: http://minimalism.linguistics.arizona.edu/AMSA/PDF/AMSA-148-0900.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1096&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    Calvin-ga      Hobbes-o      ik-ase-ta
    Calvin-N       Hobbes-A      go-cause-past
    "Calvin made Hobbes go."
Example #2:

    Calvin-ga     Hobbes-ni     piza-o tabe-sase-ta
    Calvin-N      Hobbes-D      pizza-A        eat-cause-past
    "Calvin made Hobbes eat pizza."
Example #3:

    Calvin-ga     Hobbes-ni      ik-ase-ta
    Calvin-N      Hobbes-D       go-cause-past
    "Calvin let Hobbes go."
Example #4:

    Calvin-ga     Hobbes-ni       piza-o tabe-sase-ta
    Calvin-N      Hobbes-D        pizza-A        eat-cause-past
    "Calvin let Hobbes eat pizza."
Example #5:

    sihuko-o             koe-sase
    my stomach-A become-rich-cause
    "cause my stomach to become rich"
Example #6:

    8.    a)     Doa-ga             [VP kono        kagi-de2-tu aita]
    door-N       this           key-by 2-CL opened
    "Two doors opened with this key"
Example #7:

    b)     * Gakusei-ga [VP tosyokan-de         2-ri       waraw-sita]
    students-N               library-at             2-CL laugh-did
    "Two students laughed at the library"
Example #8:

    Taroo-ga       hune-o sizume--ta
    Taro-N         boat-A sink-cause-past
    "The boat sank on Taro"
Example #9:

    Taroo-ga       yasai-okusar-ase-ta
    Taro-N         vegetable-A rot-cause-past
    "The vegetable rotted on Taro"
Example #10:

    Doroboo-ga Yakko-o             waraw-ase-ta
    a thief-N      Yakko-A         laugh-cause-past
    *"A thief had Yakko laugh on him" (e.g., revealing his presence).
Example #11:

    13.    a)     Hobbes-ga    (Calvin-ni)   ik-ase-rare-ta
    Hobbes-N     Calvin-D)     go-cause-pass-pst
    *"Hobbes was allowed to go (by Calvin)"
Example #12:

    b)     Hobbes-ga    piza-o tabe-sase-rare-ta
    Hobbes-N     pizza-A        eat-cause-pass-pst
    *"Hobbes was allowed to eat pizza"
Example #13:

    14. a) Calvin-ga     hitori-de     Hobbes-o     ik-ase-ta
    Calvin-N       alone       Hobbes-A       go-make-pst
    "Calvin made Hobbes go alone" (Hobbes is alone, not Calvin)
Example #14:

    b)     *Calvin-ga    hitori-de     Hobbes-ni      ik-ase-ta
    Calvin-N      alone         Hobbes-D       go-make-pst
    "Calvin allowed Hobbes to go alone" (again, with Hobbes alone)
Example #15:

    15.   a)     Calvin-ga     Hobbes-dake-ni        piza-o        tabe-sase-ta
    Calvin-N      Hobbes-only-D         pizza-A       eat-make-PST
    "Calvin made/let only Hobbes eat pizza"
Example #16:

    16.   a)     Yakko-ga [2-ri-no otokonoko-ni] piza-o         tabe-sase-ta
    Yakko-N [2-CL-G boys-D]                pizza-A         eat-cause-past
    "Yakko let two boys eat pizza"
Example #17:

    b)     Yakko-ga      otokonoko-ni2-ri piza-o             tabe-sase-ta
    Yakko-N       boys-D         2-CL pizza-A         eat-cause-past
    ??"Yakko let two boys eat pizza"
Example #18:

    18.   Yakko-ga    [EventP hitori-de [EventP Dot-o [VP ik-ase-ta]]
    Yakko-N            alone        Dot-A     go-cause-past
    "Yakko made Dot go alone"
Example #19:

    19.   Yakko-ga     Dot-nii [EventP hitori-de [EventP PRO i [VP ik-ase-ta]
    Yakko-N      Dot-D                  alone              go-cause-past
    "Yakko let Dot go alone."