The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Shekar, Chandra and Brian Agbayani (2003). Accusative-Nominative Case Conversion and Complex Predicates in Kannada and Japanese/Korean.

URL: http://zimmer.csufresno.edu/~bagbayan/Accusative-Nominative%20conversion-SALA.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-05-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1176&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    (1)       John-ga           pizza-o          tabe-ru
    John-Nom          pizza-Acc        eat-Pres
    `John eats pizza'
Example #2:

    (3)       *John-ga          huransugo-o      deki-ru
    John-Nom         French-Acc       capable-Pres
    `John is capable of French'        (`John speaks French')
Example #3:

    (5)       John-ga          huransugo-o       hana-se-ru
    John-Nom         French-Acc        speak-can-Pres
    `John can speak French'
Example #4:

    (18)       John-ga           migime-dake-o                 tumur-e-ru
    John-Nom          right.eye-only-Acc            close-can-Pres
    `John can close only his right eye'
Example #5:

    (19)       John-ga           migime-dake-ga               tumur-e-ru
    John-Nom          right.eye-only-Nom           close-can-Pres
    `John can close only his right eye'
Example #6:

    (25)       ringo-ga /*-o    tabe-rare-ta   (Japanese)
    apple-Nom/-Acc eat-Passive-Past
    `An apple was eaten'