The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Robert D. Van Valin, Jr. (1999). Generalized Semantic Roles and the Syntax-Semantics Interface.

URL: http://wings.buffalo.edu/linguistics/rrg/rrg/vanvalin_papers/gensemroles.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1193&langcode=dbl (2021-09-19).


Example #1:

    (6) a.                                             .               Dyirbal
    DEIC-ABS.I man-ABS wood-LOC stand-TNS
    `The man is standing in/at/on some wood.'      Subject (intr.) = actor
Example #2:

    b.                                                              .
    `The man is standing on/with some wood.'Subject = undergoer (location)
Example #3:

    (12) a. Ba-yi         ya a- walma- u way dyi-li.        Dyirbal
    DEIC-ABS.I man-ABS get.up-TNS go.uphill-PURP
    `The man got up to go uphill.'
Example #4:

    b. Ba-la-n       yabu-        ba- gu-l uma- gu giga-n banagay-gu.
    DEIC-ABS-II mother-ABS DEIC-ERG-I father-ERG tell-TNS return-PURP
    `Father told mother to return.'