The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Bingfu Lu (1998). Left-right asymmetries of word order variation.

URL: http://www.usc.edu/dept/LAS/ealc/chinling/articles/dis364.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1216&langcode=cmn (2021-09-24).

Example #1:

(3) a. lai-le keren. came guest(s) `Here came some (unexpected) guest(s)'Example #2:

b. keren lai-le guest came `the guest(s) came'Example #3:

b. ta ( X ) yijing zhende likai-le he already true left `He has really left.' (not just hidden)Example #4:

c. ta zhende yijing ( Y ) likai-le he true already left `It is true that he has left.'Example #5:

(3) a. zhe 3-ben lan de shu the 3-CL blue book `these three blue books'Example #6:

b. zhe lan de 3-ben shu the blue 3-CL book `these three books which are blue'Example #7:

c. lan de zhe 3-ben shu blue the 3-CL book `these three books which are blue'Example #8:

(i) zhao-ben shu kan-kan find -CL book look-look `looking for a book to read'Example #9:

na 2-ben zui youqu de gudian xiaoshuo that 2-CL most amusing de classical novel `those two most amusing classical novels'Example #10:

(8) a. gao fangzi tall house `tall house'Example #11:

c. 100 mi gao * (de) fangzi 100 meter tall house `a 100-meter tall house'Example #12:

d. bi shan gao *(de) fangzi than hill tall house `a house that is higher than a hill'Example #13:

(9) hen man de kuai-che very slow fast train `the express train that moves slowly'Example #14:

(10) zhen de jia-hua true false-flower `truly artificial flowers'Example #15:

(9) a. yishujia de yi-shuang shou artist one-pair hand `the hands of the artist'Example #16:

(10) a. liang-bang pingguo two-pound apple `two pounds of apples'Example #17:

(11) a. na liang-bang pingguo that two-pound apple `those two pounds of apples'Example #18:

(12) pingguo liang-bang, juzi san-bang, dou zai zhuozi shang apple two-pound orange three-pound all locate table-on `Two pounds of apples and three pounds of oranges are on the table.'Example #19:

(15) wo qu kan haizi-men I go visit child-Pl `I go to see *(the) children.'Example #20:

(16) tamen shi hao pengyou(*men) they be good friend-Pl. `They are (*the) good friends.'Example #21:

(18) a. keren lai-le guest came `The guest(s) came.'Example #22:

b. lai-le keren. came guest(s) `Here came some (unexpected) guest(s).'Example #23:

(26) a. hong de san-ben shu hen youqu red three-CL book very interesting `the three red books are very interesting'Example #24:

b. ? san-ben hong de shu hen youqu three-CL red book very interesting `lit. three red books are very interesting'Example #25:

(27) a. * zhuozi-shang you hong de san-ben shu table-top have red 3-CL book `lit. there are the three red books on the table'Example #26:

(2) na laoshi xie de liang-pian zuowen that teacher write two-CL composition `those two compositions written by teachers' (na modifies zuowenu)Example #27:

b. na 2-ben Lisi de zhuanji /shu that 2-CL biography/book `those two biographies/books of/by/belonging to Lisi'Example #28:

(6) A jigou de na-bi B jigou de juankuan/jijin A organization that-CL B organization donation/fund `That donation/fund of A organization by/from B organization'Example #29:

(7) 3-ge Shangdi de xintu 3-CL God de believer `three believers in God'Example #30:

(8) qunian de na-pi gongyuan-qian 1000 nian de wenwu last year that-batch B.C. 1000 year relic `last year's batch of historical relics of 1000 B.C.'Example #31:

(9) zuotian de na-zhang 5-yue 3-ri de baozhi yesterday that-CL May 3rd newspaper lit. `yesterday's newspaper of May 3rd'Example #32:

(10) chaoji shichang-li na-pi Jia-zhou de tiancheng super market-Loc that-CL California sweet citrus `that batch of California sweet citrus in the supermarket'Example #33:

(11) a. zhe 2-ke zui gao de/ jiao gao de/gao de/hen gao de/ gao-gao de songshu the 2-CL most tall relatively tall tall /very tall tall-tall pine tree `these two tallest/tall/taller/very tall /pretty tall pine trees'Example #34:

b. zui gao de /jiao gao de /gao de /?hen gao de/??gao-gao de zhe 2-ke songshu most tall de/relatively tall tall very tall tall-tall the 2-CL pine tree `these two pine trees which are the tallest/tall/taller/very tall/pretty tall'Example #35:

(12) duan-duan de xiabai, gao-gao de ken short lower hem high slit, `nice and short skirt, with nice and high slits'Example #36:

(13) huai-huai de shi-le-ge zhuyi, guyi ba lian-shang nong-de zang-zang de bad do-Perf-CL ruse, intentionly Ba face-surface make-De dirty `mischievously used a ruse and purposely made her face lovely and dirty'Example #37:

(14) a. wo xihuan zui-gao / gao de I like most-tall tall `I like the tallest/tall (one)'Example #38:

b. * wo xihuan hen gao/gao-gao de. I like very tall/tall-tall `I like the very tall/rather tall (one)'Example #39:

(15) hen gao de na 1-ke shengdan-shu very tall that 1-CL Chritmas tree `that Christmas tree which is very tall'.Example #40:

(18) a. zhexie bu biyao de langfei these not necessary extravagancy `these extravagancies, which are not necessary'Example #41:

(19) a. ta zuotian de na 1-fen baozhi. he yesterday that 1-CL newspaper `the newspaper that he mentioned/ looked for .....yesterday'Example #42:

b. ta de zuotian de na 1-fen baozhi. he yesterday that 1-CL newspaper `yesterday's newspaper of his'Example #43:

(20) a. zhuozi-shang (de) na 2-ben shu table-on that 2-CL book `the two books on the table'Example #44:

b. zai zhuozi-shang ?(de)na 2-ben shu in table-on that 2-CL book `the two books that are on the table'Example #45:

zhe (ge) ren52 this CL person `this person'Example #46:

(24) na-ge (*de) ren which-CL person `which person'Example #47:

(25) san-ge (*de) ren three-CL person `three persons'Example #48:

(26) a. san-zhang (*de) zhi three-piece paper `three pieces of paper'Example #49:

b. san-da-zhang (de) zhi three-big-piece paper `three big pieces of paper'Example #50:

(27) a. xuduo (*de) xuesheng lai-le many student came `many students came'Example #51:

b. lai-le xuduo (de) xuesheng came many student `there came numerous students'Example #52:

(28) a zui gao (de) na-ge xuesheng most tall that-CL student `the tallest student'Example #53:

b. na-ge zui gao *(de) xuesheng that-CL most tall student `that tallest student'Example #54:

(33) a. zhe-ge zuijin lai *(de) ren this-CL recently come person `the person who recently came.'Example #55:

(i) zui gao na-ke songshu most tall that-CL pine-tree `the tallest pine-tree'Example #56:

(10) a. zui gao de na liang-ke shu AD Q N most tall that two-CL tree `the tallest two trees'Example #57:

b. na zui gao de liang-ke shu DAQ N that most tall two-CL tree `the two trees that are the tallest'Example #58:

c. na liang-ke zui gao de shu D QAN that two-CL most tall tree `the two tallest trees'Example #59:

a. song yi-pi tushu gei ji-ge xuexiao Ind. Ind. give one-batch book to some-CL school `to give one batch of books to several schools'Example #60:

b. song yi-pi tushu gei zhe-ge xuexiao Ind. Def. give one-batch book to some-CL school `to give one batch of books to this school'Example #61:

c. song zhe-pi tushu gei yi-ge xuexiao Def. Ind. give zhe-batch book to one-CL school `to give this batch of books to a school'Example #62:

d. song zhe-pi tushu gei na-ge xuexiao Def. Def. give this-batch book to taht-CL school `to give this batch of books to that school'Example #63:

a. ? song ji-ge xuexiao yi-pi tushu Ind. Ind. give some-CL school one-batch book `to give some schools one batch of books'Example #64:

b. * song ji-ge xuexiao zhe-pi tushu Ind. Def. give some-CL school this-batch book `to give some schools this batch of books'Example #65:

c. song zhe-ge xuexiao yi-pi tushu Def. Ind. give this-CL school one-batch book `to give this batch of books to one school'Example #66:

d. ? song zhe-ge xuexiao na-pi tushu Def. Def. give some-CL school one-batch book `to give this batch of books to that school'Example #67:

(24) a. Ta ba zhe-ge xuesheng zixidi daliang-le yi-zhen. he ACC this-CL student carefully scrutinized one-period `He looked the student up and down for a while'.Example #68:

b. Ta zixidi ba zhe-ge xuesheng daliang-le yi-zhen. he carefully ACC this-CL student scrutinized one-period `He looked the student up and down for a while'.