The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Yang, Byong-Seon (1994). Morphosyntactic Phenomena of Korean in Role and Reference Grammar.

URL: http://wings.buffalo.edu/linguistics/people/students/dissertations/yang/YANGDis.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-06-03).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1274&langcode=jpn (2022-01-27).


Example #1:

    b. zyoon-wa tomodati-ni          a-e-ta-soo-yo.
    John-TOP her friend-DAT meet-can-PST-EVID-PRT(IF)
    "(I hear that) John could meet her friend." (Hasegawa 1992:45)
Example #2:

    zyoon wa tomodati ni      a- e- ta soo yo.
    TOP          DAT meet-can-PST-EVID-PRT(IF)
    "(I heard that) Joan could meet her friend." (Hasegawa 1992: 46)
Example #3:

    e. zyoon wa tookyo de miki ni at- ta             to  it-ta
    TOP         LOC       DAT meet-PST CMPL say-PST
    "Joan said that (she) met Miki in Tokyo."
Example #4:

    f. zyoon wa tomodati ga ki-ta         node yorokon-da
    TOP friend NOM come-PST because get delighted-PST
    "Joan was delighted because (her) friend came (to her house)."
Example #5:

    (4.59) a. hayaku sigoto o sumase-te uti ni           kaeri-nasai.
    quickly work ACC finish-TE home LOC return-IMP
    "Finish (your) work quickly, and go home!"(Hasegawa 1992:193)
Example #6:

    b. Ame-ga hure-be siai-wa tyuusi-dat-ta
    rain-NOM fall-BA game-TOP suspended-PRED-PST
    "If it has rained, the game would have been suspended." (Ohori 1992: 35)
Example #7:

    g. zyoon wa repooto o     yoma-zu     ni     kaigi ni ki-ta
    TOP report ACC read-NEG CMPL meeting LOC come-PST
    "Joan came to the meeting without reading the reports."
Example #8:

    a. zyoon ga   hen na hon o yonde simatta
    NOM obscene book ACC read-TE put-PST
    "Joan has read an obscene book." (Hasegawa 1992: 73)
Example #9:

    (zyoon ga) soto ni kuruma o             tomete ar-u.
    NOM outside LOC car        ACC stop-TE be-NPST
    "(Joan) has parked the car outside."        (Hasegawa 1992: 89)
Example #10:

    (*zyoon ga) soto ni kuruma ga tomete ar-u
    NOM outside LOC car          NOM tomete be NPST
    "There is a car parked outside."           (ibid.: 90)
Example #11:

    (i)    Boku wa Mary ga suki desu.
    I               fond.of am
    "I like Mary."
Example #12:

    (5.49) a. [[dono kyoozyu-ga suisen-sita]REL         hito]-ka saiyoo-saremasita ka
    which prof. -NOM recommended person-NOM was.hired                Q
    "(Lit.) A person that which professor recommended was hired ?"
Example #13:

    b. ken wa [dare ga motteki-ta]REL hon]-o     karimas-ita-ka
    Ken TOP who SUB bring-PST      book-OBJ borrow-PST-Q
    "Who did Ken borrow the book which __ brought ?" (Shimojo 1994)