The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

LaPolla, Randy (2000). Dulong.

URL: http://www.latrobe.edu.au/linguistics/staff/Data/LaPolla/PublicationItems/Papers/DulongGram.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-06-15).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1309&langcode=duu (2022-01-22).


Example #1:

    (2)   a. n--  --st        m 
    2dl     NF-RECIP-hit RECIP dl
    You two are arguing/fighting (with each other.)
Example #2:

    b. k--l    jl      s-z               m
    that.way that.way CAUS-hurt               RECIP
    (They) are hurting each other.
Example #3:

    (3)   a.  g--m-
    3sg hit.with.fist-R/M
    He is hitting himself with his fist.
Example #4:

    b.      m--r t-
    3sg face wash-R/M
    He is washing his face.
Example #5:

    (5)    t         p--u  l         w          s- --r
    3sg AGT      Pung DAT         do           CAUS-allow/make
    He made/allowed Pung do (it).
Example #6:

    b. g t         -- r-- 
    1sg AGT 3sg wood carry BEN+1sg
    I carry wood for him.
Example #7:

    c. i-ki m-ki
    NF-eat NEG+NF-eat
    Do you want to eat or not?
Example #8:

    (10) a. g     --     --r
    1sg     go+1sg already
    I went (and came back) already.
Example #9:

    b. n    -    lu        
    2sg    NF-go         ASP         Q
    Did you go?
Example #10:

    (11) t--p% t--p%   n--    dg-- k--     g     s--         tw
    long.ago long.ago TOP dog           words say       know.how     HEARSAY
    (It is said) long ago dogs knew how to talk.
Example #11:

    c. md--     --  br
    car/truck go      fast
    The car goes (can go) quickly.
Example #12:

    d. nit-b--m     m-g--l   g-- mr-- w        l          tw
    mind-many NEG-need ADV field            work DAT go            HEARSAY
    (The parents) could go to work the field without having to worry (about the chil
Example #13:

    e. "p       m"          g      s--     xr    :   tw
    daddy mommy say                able.to ADV      do   HEARSAY
    (It) did this until (the baby) could say "mommy and daddy".
Example #14:

    (15) a.   g      --
    3sg go     NOM be+Q
    Did he go?
Example #15:

    b. p--u    c--n t      st         g--  (< g --)
    Pung Cin AGT hit                 NOM+be
    It was Cin who hit Pung.
Example #16:

    (17) a. g       l       nit
    1sg 3sg return go          remember
    I remember that he went back.
Example #17:

    b.   b--,        g k --     d   --
    3sg go      if     1sg also go+1sg might COP
    If he comes, I might go.
Example #18:

    c.  g      m imli l-    w-- g
    3sg 1sg     must       have.to-go COMP say
    He says I must go.
Example #19:

    (19) a.  t        l      g      --wt
    3sg AGT bring NOM            flower
    the flower(s) he brought
Example #20:

    b. --wt l         g     ts
    flower     bring NOM person
    the person who brought the flower(s)
Example #21:

    d. z br-- s--           g (sr)
    book write NOM do NOM thing
    the thing I use to write books
Example #22:

    e.         t     --    tsr--
    hemp INST use         string
    a string made of hemp
Example #23:

    (20) t--n--    kpl-- z--u       t--n    mn--,
    crossbow body         make finish afterward
    After finishing the body part of the crossbow,
Example #24:

    c-- l-- --     tl-- w--     rm--u-m--u
    one side LOC bow ADV              draw-REDUP
    on one side, (I) draw the shape of a bow,
Example #25:

    dk--       t      puk.
    small.knife INST bore.small.hole+1sg
    (and then) use a small knife to bore a small hole.
Example #26:

    pu               t--n    mn--, n--ts--n--ts--         tl--   z--.
    bore.small.hole finish after           slowly              bow      fit.into+1sg
    After having bored a small hole, (I) slowly fit the bow into the hole.