ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Susan Bejar (2003). PHI-SYNTAX.

URL: http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~cowper/LIN1231/Bejarthesis.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 133&langcode=kat (2021-09-19).

 

Example #1:

    9)           < , SU>, <#, SU>                      v-xedav-t                           Georgian
    1-see-PL
    'We see him.'
Example #2:

    10)          < , DO>, <#, DO>                      g-xedav-t
    2-see-PL
    'I see you(Pl).'
Example #3:

    11)          < , DO>, <#, SU>                      g-xedav-t
    2-see-PL
    'We see you(sg).'
Example #4:

    53)      m-i-naxav-s
    1-APPL-EVID.see-TNS
    I(   DAT)   have evidently seen him.'
Example #5:

    54)      v-u-naxav-var
    1-APPL-EVID.see-TNS
    'He(DAT) has evidently seen me.'
Example #6:

    55)    m-xedav-s
    1-see-TNS
    'He sees me.'
Example #7:

    56)    v-xedav
    1-see
    'I see him.'
Example #8:

    63)      g-xedav-t             Georgian
    2-see-PL
    'We see you.'
Example #9:

    a.       m-xedav-s
    1-see-TNS
    'He sees me.'
Example #10:

    b.       g-xedav-s
    2-see-TNS
    'I sees you.'
Example #11:

    v-xedav
    1-see
    'I see him.'
Example #12:

    a.   vano            tavis tav-s xatav-s
    Vano(NOM)       self-DAT        draw-PRES
    'Vano draws himself.'
Example #13:

    b.   *vano-s         tavis-i tav-i     xatav-s
    Vano-DAT        self-nom          draw-PRES
    'Himself draws Vano.'
Example #14:

    a.   nino           purs             qidulobs
    Nino           bread            buys
    'Nino is buying bread.'
Example #15:

    v-xedav-()
    1-see-(NUMBER)
    'I see him.'
Example #16:

    84)      a.       g-waabm-i                                    2>1
    2-see-DIR.  THEME
    'You see me.'
Example #17:

    a.       g-waabm-in                                   1>2
    2-see-INV.   THEME
    'I see you.'
Example #18:

    85)      a.          n-waabm-aa                                    1>3
    1-see-   DIR.THEME
    'I see him.'
Example #19:

    b.          n-waabm-ig(w)                                 3>1
    1-see-   INV.THEME
    'He sees me.'
Example #20:

    13)    ni-castaka-pi                           Dakota (Buechel 1939)
    2-strike-PL
    'They strike you.all'
Example #21:

    14)    un-kaska-pi
    1-bind-PL
    'We bind them(inan.).'
Example #22:

    59)    a.      m-acukeb-s             am      cigns
    1-give-PRES this       book
    He is giving me this book
Example #23:

    b.      g-acukeb-t     am     cigns
    2-give-PL      this   book
    He is giving you(PL) this book
Example #24:

    ma-v-eca
    PreV-1-give*
    'I gave something to someone.' (Hewitt 1996: 106
Example #25:

    3pl                                                                                     (u-naxav-t)17
    --                   --                     --                 --                 EV.see - PL
    him/them
Example #26:

    68)    a.      Nino-s unda [rom Lali-m        naxos tavisi tavi     televisor-shi ]
    N.-DAT wants that Lali-ERG          see(opt)   self-NOM television-on
    'Nino wants Lali to see herself on TV'
Example #27:

    69)    a.      Nino-s unda [ rom      Lali-s achuenos         tavisi tavi     televisor-shi ]
    N-DAT wants that L.-DAT          watch(opt)        self-NOM television-on
    'Nino wants Lali to watch herself on television'       (field notes)
Example #28:

    72)     (you)                     mo-g-cons-t               pelamusi
    You-DAT                   preverb-2-like-pl         Pelamusi
    'You(pl) like Pelamusi.'                                            (Harris)
Example #29:

    74)      a.       m-inaxavar-t
    1-EV.see-Pl
    'I have seen you(pl).'
Example #30:

    b.       mo-consxar-t
    preV-like-pl
    'He likes you(pl).'
Example #31:

    76)      a.       v-unaxav-var
    1-EVIDsee-1
    'He has seen me.'
Example #32:

    b.       mo-v-consvar
    preverb-1-like
    'He likes me.'                  (Harris)
Example #33:

    2)     a.         v/*m-xedav
    1-see
    I see him/them
Example #34:

    b.         v/*gv-xedav-t
    1-see-PL
    we see him/them
Example #35:

    c.         /*g-xedav
    2-see
    you see him/them
Example #36:

    d.         /*g-xedav-t
    2-see-PL
    you(pl) see him/them
Example #37:

    9)   a.      kmar-i              (me)           pul-s           m-a-jl-ev-s
    husband-NOM         me(DAT)        money-DAT       1-APPL-give-   THEME-TNS
    '(My) husband gives me (the) money.'