The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Olga Mišeska Tomić (2003). The Balkan Sprachbund properties.

URL: http://www.lotschool.nl/GraduateProgram/LotSchools/Summerschool2003/Tomic.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1333&langcode=als (2021-09-27).


Example #1:

    c.     T          bft         mir!                                                   Al
    that.Mod do.3Sg.Subj.Pres well
    `May it be agreeable!'
Example #2:

    (10)       a.       E              ka     lexuar                kt     librin.           Al
    3Sg.Acc.Cl has       read.Part              this     book+the.M.Sg.Acc
    `(S)he has read THIS book.'
Example #3:

    Drits               lule.
    Drita+the.F.Sg.Dat flower
    `Agim sent Drita flowers.'
Example #4:

    Drits/nj vajze(je)                      lule.
    Drita+the.F.Sg.Dat/a girl.Sg.Dat         flower
    `Agim sent Drita/a girl flowers.'
Example #5:

    c.     koka           e                         profesorit                Al
    head+the.F.Sg Dat/Acc.Agr.Cl             Agim+the.M.Dat
    `the professor's head'
Example #6:

    knaqsi          nj    bir.
    pleasure          a      beer.Acc
    `I will gladly   have a beer.'
Example #7:

    NJ BIRR para se           t           shkonte.
    a     beer before that Subj.Mark         go.3Sg
    `Agim drank even a beer before he left.'
Example #8:

    (41)       a.       Un u                      rrova.                                  Al
    I       Impers.Cl          shave.1Sg.Aor
    `I shaved myself.'
Example #9:

    b.       Pjetri u               rrua.                                       Al
    Pjetri Impers.Cl       shave.3Sg.Aor
    `Pjetri shaved himself.'
Example #10:

    b.      I              u                punua                ktu.        Al
    3Sg.Dat        Impers.Cl        work.3Sg.Imperf      here
    Preferred reading: `(S)he felt like working here.'
Example #11:

    (48)       Erdhi         nga    e              ma.                                                    Al
    come.3Sg.Aor from F.Sg.Agr.Cl mother+the.F.Sg
    `(S)he came from his/her mother's.'
Example #12:

    `Two of them could be saved.'
Example #13:

    c.      Tentoi               (q)      t             vij/*vij.            Al
    intend.3Sg.Aor       that      Subj.Mark      come.3/1Sg.Subj
    `He intended to come.'
Example #14:

    `He ordered Drita to come immediately.'
Example #15:

    `They want/want you to give it to him/her.'
Example #16:

    `I found a man that hoes vineyards.'
Example #17:

    librin                 nesr.
    book+the.M.Sg          tomorrow
    `I will give you the book tomorrow.'
Example #18:

    do              t             merrja            pjes.
    will.Mod.Cl Subj.Mark         take.1Sg.Imperf    part
    `If they invited me I would take part.'
Example #19:

    `You really speak Chinese!'
Example #20:

    (75)        a.       Ai     (vrtet)     flitka               kineze.                         Al
    he     truth         speak.3Sg.Admir.Pres Chinese
    `He does speak Chinese!'
Example #21:

    prdorur       thikn.
    used.Part      knife+the.M.Sg.Acc
    `He indeed used the knife!'
Example #22:

    (i)         Ku      qenka               mjeshtri?
    where be.3Sg.Admir          boss+the.M.Sg
    `Where is the boss?'
Example #23:

    do    dit.
    every day
    `They say that I wash/was washing clothes every day (but I don't).'
Example #24:

    afroheshkan                   ret.
    approach.3Pl.Pres.Admir        clouds
    `(It seems to me) that the clouds are approaching.'