The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Dieter Wunderlich (1999). Category changing and argument changing operations in derivational morphology.

URL: http://web.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/~wdl/Diathese.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1360&langcode=jpn (2022-01-19).


Example #1:

    John ga      Mary ni        sakana o  tabe-sase-ta.
    John NOM Mary DAT fish ACC            eat-CAUS-PAST
    `John let Mary eat the fish'
Example #2:

    a. Taro# ga hasiri-tukare-ta.
    Taro NOM run-get.tired-PAST
    `Taro got tired from running'
Example #3:

    c. Hitobito ga sibahu o humi-narasi-ta.
    people NOM lawn ACC stamp-make.flat-PAST
    (lit. The people flattened the lawn by stamping it)