The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Potsdam, Eric Wh-Questions in Malagasy

URL: http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/potsdam/papers/AFLA11.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-06-17).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1375&langcode=plt (2021-06-22).


Example #1:

    (1)   a. n-i-vidy       ny akoho i Bao                                         ACTIVE
    PAST-ACT-buy the chicken Bao
    `Bao bought the chicken.'
Example #2:

    (6)        iza   no    nihomehy?
    who PRT     laugh.ACT
    `Who laughed?'
Example #3:

    (8)   a. Rasoa no nihomehy
    Rasoa PRT laugh.ACT
    `It was Rasoa who laughed'
Example #4:

    b. ny mofo       no novidin- dRasoa
    the bread     PRT buy.PASS Rasoa
    `It was the bread that was bought by Rasoa'
Example #5:

    (12) a. nihinana vary (daholo) ny vahiny (* daholo)
    eat.ACT     vary all            the guest all
    `All the guests ate rice'
Example #6:

    c. mihomehy (foana) Rasoa (* foana)
    laugh.ACT always          Rasoa always
    `Rasoa is always laughing'
Example #7:

    (15) a. tokony     mamangy an-dRabe Rasoa
    should     visit.ACT     ACC-Rabe      Rasoa
    `Rasoa   should visit Rabe'
Example #8:

    (16) a. tokony iza       no      mamangy an-dRabe?
    should who PRT           visit.ACT  ACC-Rabe
    `Who should visit Rabe?'
Example #9:

    (17) a. Rasoa dia        manoroka         an-dRabe
    Rasoa TOPIC kiss                  ACC-Rabe
    `Rasoa, she kisses Rabe'
Example #10:

    (18) a. (* tokony ) Rasoa dia          (tokony ) manoroka an-dRabe
    should      Rasoa TOPIC should            kiss      ACC-Rabe
    `Rasoa, she should kiss Rabe'
Example #11:

    (19) a. aiza     iza no       mividy     ny vary?                  Sabel 2003:245-246
    where    who PRT      buy.ACT the rice
    `Who    buys rice where?'
Example #12:

    b. aiza     (ny) inona no       vidinao?
    where    the what PRT        buy.PASS.2SG
    `What   do you buy where?'
Example #13:

    b. aiza    Rasoa no           mividy        mofo?
    where Rasoa PRT            buy.ACT       bread
    `Where does Rasoa buy      bread?'
Example #14:

    b. omaly         Rabe     no nividy        vary
    yesterday Rabe         PRT buy.ACT      rice
    `It was yesterday that Rabe bought rice'
Example #15:

    (27) a. aiza iza no        mividy          ny    vary?                Sabel 2003:245
    where who PRT      buy.ACT         the   rice
    `Who buys rice where?'
Example #16:

    b. *iza aiza no       mividy          ny    vary?
    who where PRT      buy.ACT         the   rice
    (*`Where does who buy rice?')
Example #17:

    (30)     tany an-tokotany *(ny) zazavavy no nilalao baolina Paul 2003a
    there ACC-yard        the girl           PRT play.ACT ball
    `It was in the yard that the girls were playing ball'
Example #18:

    (31) a. iza no nanapaka bozaka oviana?                                    Paul 2003a
    who PRT cut.ACT       grass    when
    `Who cut grass when?'
Example #19:

    b. #omaly Rasoa no nanapaka bozaka
    yesterday Rasoa PRT cut            grass
    `It was Rasoa who cut grass yesterday'
Example #20:

    (34)     oviana Rasoa no nijinja vary ary Rabe no nanapaka bozaka?
    when Rasoa PRT harvest rice and Rabe PRT cut      grass
    `When did Rasoa harvest rice and Rabe cut grass?'
Example #21:

    (35)     *[oviana Rabe] sy/ary [taiza Rasoa] no            nividy mofo?
    when    Rabe    and       where Rasoa PRT       buy      bread
    (`When did Rabe buy bread and where did Rasoa buy bread?')
Example #22:

    (i)   a. iza     no      tokony mamangy an-dRabe
    who PRT         should visit.ACT         ACC-Rabe
    `Who should visit Rabe?'
Example #23:

    (ii)   a. * tsy iza     no nihinana        ny vary?
    NEG who      PRT eat            the rice
    (`Who didn't eat the rice?')
Example #24:

    b. iza   no      tsy nihinana         ny vary?
    who PRT       NEG eat              the rice
    `Who didn't eat the rice?