The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Benjamin Bruening (2002). Syntax II, Lecture 14 Notes.

URL: http://www.ling.udel.edu/bruening/Courses/2001-2/610/Lecture14.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1423&langcode=cmn (2021-09-19).


Example #1:

    (1)     a.   Ta kanjian ta le.
    he see      he LE
    `He saw him.'
Example #2:

    b.    Kanjian ta le.
    see     he LE
    `[He] saw him.'
Example #3:

    c.   Ta kanjian le.
    he see      LE
    `He saw [him].'
Example #4:

    d.    Kanjian le.
    see     LE
    `[He] saw [him].'
Example #5:

    (2)     a.   e lai-le.
    `[He]D came.' (he=discourse referent)
Example #6:

    b.    Lisi hen xihuan e.
    L. very like
    `Lisi1 likes [him]D,1 very much.'
Example #7:

    (4)     Speaker A    Shei kanjian-le Zhangsan?
    who see-LE Z.
    `Who saw Zhangsan?'
Example #8:

    Speaker B    Zhangsan shuo Lisi kanjian-le e.
    Z.        say L. see-LE
    `Zhangsan said Lisi saw him.'
Example #9:

    (16)         Neichang huo, xingkui         xiaofangdui lai de      zao.
    that       fire fortunately fire-brigae come COMP early
    `That fire, fortunately the fire brigade came early.'
Example #10:

    women dou hen xihuan.
    we      all very like
    climate is also very good. We all like (it).'
Example #11:

    (25)        Zhangsan, neiben shu, ta hen xihuan.
    Z.         that book he very like
    `(As for) Zhangsan, that book, he likes it very much.'
Example #12:

    (26)   a.       Zhangsan1 shefa e1 bangmang      wo.
    Z.          try     help         I
    `Zhangsan tried to help me.'
Example #13:

    b.     * Neige ren1 , Zhangsan shefa e1   bangmang wo.
    that man Z.           try        help       I
    `That man1 , Zhangsan tried e1   to help me.'