ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

David Gil (2001). The Acquisition of Voice Morphology in Jakarta Indonesian.

URL: http://email.eva.mpg.de/~gil/jakarta/docs/berlin.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1473&langcode=ind (2021-09-27).

 

Example #1:

    (1)   (a) ?* Adi    pukul Bowo
    Adi    hit     Bowo
    "Adi   hit Bowo"
Example #2:

    (b)    Adi    dipukul Bowo
    Adi    di- hit    Bowo
    "Adi   was hit by Bowo"
Example #3:

    (c)    Adi    memukul Bowo
    Adi    meN -hit Bowo
    "Adi   hit Bowo"
Example #4:

    (d) ** Adi    dimemukul Bowo
    Adi    di-meN -hit Bowo
    "Adi   was hit by Bowo" / "Adi hit Bowo"
Example #5:

    (2)   (a)   Adi     pukul Bowo
    Adi     hit     Bowo
    (ii)      "Bowo hit Adi"   [infrequent]
Example #6:

    (b)   Adi     dipukul Bowo
    Adi     di- hit    Bowo
    (ii)      "Bowo hit Adi"
Example #7:

    (c)   Adi     mukul Bowo
    Adi     N -hit Bowo
    (ii)      "Bowo hit Adi"   [infrequent]
Example #8:

    (d)   Adi     dimukul Bowo
    Adi     di-N -hit Bowo
    (ii)      "Bowo hit Adi"   [infrequent]
Example #9:

    (3)   Nanti      dokternya       dipereksa                    di-X preceded by non-patient
    FUT:PROX doctor-ASSOC di- examine
    "The doctor will examine them"
Example #10:

    (7)   Lho, rambutnye motong, ye
    EXCL hair-ASSOC N- cut         yes
    "Hey, he had his hair cut"
Example #11:

    (8)   Ini         megang
    DEM:PROX    N- hold
    "Hold this"
Example #12:

    (9)    Kandangnya dikunci                               Prefixes introducing new argument
    stable-ASSOC di- key
    "Lock the stable"
Example #13:

    (10) Sekarang ayah ngopi
    now        father N- coffee
    "Daddy wants some coffee now"
Example #14:

    (11) Diminggirin      dulu     rambutnya                                    Stacked prefixes
    di-N- edge-APPL before hair-ASSOC
    "Move your hair aside"
Example #15:

    (13) Dibuka                                                                             Timo 1;8
    di -open
    "Open it"
Example #16:

    cf.   Buka                                                                        Timo 1;7
    open
    "Open it"
Example #17:

    (14) Buang aja.       Dibuang                                                          Timo 1;11
    throw just       di -throw
    "Just throw it away. Throw it away"
Example #18:

    (16) Pasang. Dipasang.                                                            Riska 1;11
    fasten      di -fasten
    "Setting it up. Setting it up"
Example #19:

    (17) Mbuka                                                                              Timo 1;9
    N -open
    "Take it off"
Example #20:

    cf.   Buka                                                                        Timo 1;7
    open
    "Open it"
Example #21:

    (18) xx ngeliat xx                                                                     Timo 1;11
    xx N- see xx
    "See"
Example #22:

    cf.   liat xx                                                                    Timo 1;11
    see xx
    "See"
Example #23:

    (20) Ngambil buah                                                          Riska 2;1
    N- take    fruit
    "Taking fruit"
Example #24:

    dinabrakin           ini,        xx ah       bom
    di-N- collide-APPL DEM:PROX xx EXCL EXCL
    "I want to go to the office, it crashed, ah, boom"
Example #25:

    cf.    Wah, tabrakan,      we                                          Ido 3;4
    EXCL collide-AUG EXCL
    "Wah, crash, yay"