The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Simpson, Andrew Focus, Presupposition and Light Predicate Raising in East and S.E.Asia

URL: http://www.usc.edu/dept/LAS/ealc/chinling/articles/jealpaper.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-10-01).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1493&langcode=tha (2021-09-19).


Example #1:

    (1)    Daeng aat-ca/doong/khong maa                                 Thai
    Daeng may/must/is-sure-to      come
    `Daeng may/must/is sure to come.'
Example #2:

    (2)     khaw khian dai                                         Thai
    he      write can
    `He can write.'
Example #3:

    10)    phom day        botbaat          thii     dii               Thai
    I       got     role             Rel      good
    I got a good role
Example #4:

    18)     khun    pai     kap khaw         phrung-nii   dai
    you     go      with him         tomorrow     can
    `You can go with him tomorrow.'
Example #5:

    19)    phom doong pai           mai
    I           must   go    Q
    `Must I go?'
Example #6:

    A: doong
Example #7:

    A1: dai
Example #8:

    25)    ??fon dok       dai
    rain     fall   can
    ??'The rain is able to/can fall.'
Example #9:

    28)    *phuu-chaai Oi thii [loon khop ti ]             mai     dii      ko khuu..
    man               Rel she associate-with        Neg     good     be-namely..
    `The man who that she associates with is bad is..(e.g. John)'
Example #10:

    29)    *sing-law-nan-nai       [khaw phuut ti ]        may     dii
    things-group-that-Top he        speak           not     good
    `*Those thingsi, [that she says ti ] is bad.'
Example #11:

    30)    phuu-chaai Oi thii [loon khop ti ] mai          dai     ko khuu..
    man              Rel she see            Neg     can     is
    `The man who she may not date/see is ... (John)'
Example #12:

    31)    sing-law-nan-nai,       [chan phuut ti ] mai dai,       (khoothoot      khrap)
    thing-type-that-Top     I       speak      Neg can      (sorry          Pol)
    Those things I just can't reveal/say, (I'm sorry).
Example #13:

    32)    khun    doong phoo      phuut phasaa thai     dai   nit-nooi
    you     must    suffice speak language thai can     a little
    `You must be able to speak a little Thai.'
Example #14:

    33)    khaw naa-ca pen         pheuan kan            dai
    they    should be       friend together       can
    They should be able to be friends together.
Example #15:

    34)    khaw phuut phasaa thai dai
    he     speak language thai can
    `He can speak Thai.'
Example #16:

    38)     a.      khaw book      aray?
    he      say    what
    `What did he say?'
Example #17:

    b.      khaw mai       book    aray
    he      NEG say        anything
    `He didn't say anything.'
Example #18:

    c.      khaw book      aray,          chai   mai?
    he      say    something      correct Q
    `He said something, right?'
Example #19:

    39)    [khaw phuut aray]              mai      dii
    he      say    what            Neg      good
    only: `What is it good that he doesn't say?'
Example #20:

    41)    Lek phuut phasaa jiin dai, dae Dam-na, khaw mai dai
    Lek speak Chinese      can but Dam-Top she Neg can
    `Daeng can speak Chinese, but Dam can't.'
Example #21:

    42)    *Mary          pai      Parii   laew   John
    Mary          go       Paris   and    John
    intended: `Mary went to Paris and John.'8
Example #22:

    44)    khaw yuu         thii-nii
    he      be       here
    He is here.
Example #23:

    45)    khaw wing yuu
    he      run      Asp
    He is running.
Example #24:

    51)    khaw phuut phasaa thai            yuu
    he      speak language thai Asp
    He is speaking Thai.
Example #25:

    54)     khray ja                  mii          ka-jay moong-duu      thiang yuu   dai
    who           would have               heart   look-look     candle Asp   can
    `Who would dare look at the candle?'
Example #26:

    59)    khaw phuut dai          laai phasaa
    he      speak can       many languages
    He can speak many languages.
Example #27:

    60)    khaw phuut phasaa thai          may    dai
    he      speak language thai Neg        can
    `He can't speak Thai.'
Example #28:

    61)    khun    pay     duu      nang   dai
    you     go      see      film   can
    `You can go to the movies.'
Example #29:

    76)     yi      ren    ji      de
    one     person play    can
    One person can play (it).
Example #30:

    77)    shi     qie     [yao    shou] bu        de
    cause wife      wave hand      Neg      can
    `It caused the wife not to be able to wave her hand.'
Example #31:

    78)    cheng de        ge      shenme-bian shi?
    succeed can Cl          what   matter
    `What can one accomplish?'
Example #32:

    (i)     khun    mai     pai        kap    Daeng dai
    you     NEG go             with   Daeng can
    `You can not go with Daeng (if you really don't like her).'