ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Akira Watanabe (1997). Topic-Focus Articulation in Old Japanese.

URL: http://ling.cornell.edu/japanese_historical_linguistics/WAFL[1].05-Watanabe-final.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1594&langcode=ojp (2021-06-13).

 

Example #1:

    (1)     a.      ... izuku-yu-ka      imo-ga iriki-te     yime-ni mie-tsuru?
    where-through-KA wife-nom enter-conj dream-loc appear-perf
    "From where did my wife come and appear in my dream?"
Example #2:

    yori-ko-nu?...
    approach-come-neg
    "Is it because Hatsuse River has no shore that no boat comes
Example #3:

    c.      ... Torikahe-te   kire-ba-ya         kimi-ga omo wasure-taru?
    exchange-conj put.on-subord-YA you-nom face forget-perf
    "Is it because you change cloths often that you forget my face?"
Example #4:

    yama-ni      shime yufu?...
    mountain-loc marker tie
    "For whom does the mountain guard at Sasanami tie the marker
Example #5:

    kazashi-te koko-ni tsudohe-ru?
    wear.on.the.hair-conj here-loc gather-perf
    "Is it because courtiers have free time that they wear plums on
Example #6:

    yuki-ha furi-keru. ...
    snow-top fall-past
    "Snow fell incessantly on Mt. Mimiga in Yoshino."
Example #7:

    b.     ... imo-so tohoku-ha wakare-ki-ni-keru.
    wife-SO far-top    part.with-come-perf-past
    "I have come very far, leaving my wife behind."
Example #8:

    d.     ... Yoshino-no miya-ha yama          taka-mi kumo-so tanabiku.
    Yoshino-gen palace-top mountain high-ness cloud-SO hover
    "Over the palace at Yoshino, clouds hover beautifully because
Example #9:

    kono yama-michi-ha yuki-ashik-ari-keri.
    this mountain-road-top go-bad-be-past
    "Though the big streets in Nara are comfortable to walk on, this
Example #10:

    Soko fukaki Agone-no-ura-no         tama-so hiriha-nu.
    bottom deep Agone-gen-bay-gen stone-SO pick.up-neg
    picked up precious stones at the bay of Agone whose bottom is
Example #11:

    imo-so tohoku-ha wakare-ki-ni-keru.
    wife-SO far-top     part.with-come-perf-past
    come very far, leaving my wife behind."
Example #12:

    (15)            ... imo-so tohoku-ha wakare-ki-ni-keru.
    wife-SO far-top   part.with-come-perf-past
    "I have come very far, leaving my wife behind."
Example #13:

    Fudzi-no takane-ni     yuki-ha furi-keru
    Fuji-gen high.top-loc snow-top fall-past
    snow already fell on top of Mt. Fuji, rendering it white."
Example #14:

    (17)           ... Yoshino-no miya-ha [yama        taka-mi] kumo-so tanabiku.
    Yoshino-gen palace-top mountain high-ness cloud-SO hover
    "Over the palace at Yoshino, clouds hover beautifully because
Example #15:

    kefu-ka koyu-ramu.
    today-KA go.over-aux
    "Are you going over a slope in the Eastern country where roosters
Example #16:

    b.      ... kimi-wo-ba [asu-yu]      yoso-ni-ka-mo           mi-mu.
    you-acc-top tomorrow-from other.place-loc.KA-MO see-will
    "Am I going to see you somewhere else from tomorrow
Example #17:

    (20)   a.     ... samuki yo-ni     wa-ga senokimi-ha hitori-ka nu-ramu.
    cold   night-loc I-gen husband-top alone-KA sleep-would
    "Is my husband sleeping alone on cold nights?"
Example #18:

    nari-na-mu.
    become-perf-will
    "In the coming world, I will become an insect or even a bird."
Example #19:

    ki-masa-nu. ...
    come-hon-neg
    "The husband will not come back, since he is looking for
Example #20:

    b.       .... utsukushi dzuma-ha ... urabure-te    tsuma-ha ahi-ki ...
    dear      husband-top depressed-conj husband-top meet-past
    "Your dear husband met me, very depressed."
Example #21:

    ima-ha miyako hiki miyako-bi-ni-keri.
    now-top capital draw capital-like-perf-past
    very fashionable, the capital having been moved there."
Example #22:

    (36)   a.    Kinofu-koso     toshi-ha hate-shika, ...
    yesterday-KOSO year-top end-past
    "Though the previous year just ended yesterday, ..."
Example #23:

    ware-koso masare.
    I-KOSO exceed
    "I long for you more strongly than the boat would be waiting for
Example #24:

    hichi-te        nure-kere.
    be.soaked-conj loosen-past
    "My hair I did up has got loose soakingly, because my brave man