ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Marten, Lutz (2000). Agreement with Conjoined Noun Phrases in Swahili.

URL: http://mercury.soas.ac.uk/users/lm5/SwahiliConjAAP.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-01-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1748&langcode=swh (2021-09-19).

 

Example #1:

    (1)     m-kate u-me-anguka
    3-bread SCD3-PERF-fall
    `The bread has fallen'
Example #2:

    (3)     ??m-kate na siagi        ___-me-anguka
    3-bread and 9.butter     ___PERF-fall
    Int.: `The bread and the butter have fallen'
Example #3:

    (13)   Mw-alimu na mw-anafunzi w-ake wa-li-kuja
    1-teacher and 1-student Cd1-his SCd2-past-come
    `The teacher and his student came'
Example #4:

    (17)   mi-ti na ma-tunda ma-zuri
    4-trees and 6-fruit 6-beautiful
    `trees and beautiful fruits'
Example #5:

    (18)   *mi-ti na ma-tunda vi-zuri
    4-trees and 6-fruit 8-beautiful
    trees and fruit beautiful
Example #6:

    (19)   mi-ti mi-zuri na ma-tunda ma-zuri
    4-trees 4-beautiful and 6-fruit 6-beautiful
    `beautiful trees and fruit'
Example #7:

    (21)    Bwana huyu hana la kusema.
    man this not.have 5.poss to.say
    `This man has nothing to say'
Example #8:

    (28)      Mguu wa meza na kiti kimevunjika
    3.leg of table and 7.chair 7.be broken
    'The leg of the table and the chair are broken'
Example #9:

    (33)   Haroub na Naila wa-li-kuja
    Haroub and Naila SCd2-past-come
    `Haroub and Naila came'
Example #10:

    (34)   *Haroub na Naila a-li-kuja
    Harou and Naila SCd1-past-come
    Int.: Haroub and Naila came'
Example #11:

    (40)   Wa-li-kuja Haroub na Naila
    SCd2-past-come Haroub and Naila
    `Haroub and Naila came'
Example #12:

    (41)   A-li-kuja Haroub na Naila
    SCd1-past-come Haroub and Naila
    `Haroub and Naila came'
Example #13:

    (42)   Wa-li-po-kuja Haroub na Naila, mama yao alikuwa ameshaondoka
    SCd2-past-rel-come Haroub and Naila, mother their was had.left
    `When Haroub and Naila came, their mother had already left'
Example #14:

    (43)   A-li-po-kuja Haroub na Naila, mama yao alikuwa ameshaondoka
    SCd1-past-rel-come Haroub and Naila, mother their was had.left
    `When Haroub and Naila came, their mother had already left'
Example #15:

    (33)    Haroub na Naila wa-li-kuja
    Haroub and Naila SCd2-past-come
    `Haroub and Naila came'
Example #16:

    (40)    Wa-li-kuja Haroub na Naila
    SCd2-past-come Haroub and Naila
    `Haroub and Naila came'
Example #17:

    (41)    A-li-kuja Haroub na Naila
    SCd1-past-come Haroub and Naila
    `Haroub and Naila came'