The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Heidi Harley (2002). A Minimal(ish) Linking Theory.

URL: http://minimalism.linguistics.arizona.edu/~hharley/PDFs/HarleyMayfestHandout2002.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1792&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    a.       Taroo-wa      koron-de       Hanako-o     koros-ita
    Taro-TOP      fall-TE        Hanako-ACC kill-PAST
    "Taro killed Hanako by falling"
Example #2:

    b.       Taroo-wa      utat-te Hanako-ni   hanasi-o      tutae-sase-ta
    Taro-TOP      sing-TE Hanako-DAT story-ACC      convey-CAUS-PAST
    "Taro made Hanako convey a story by singing"
Example #3:

    a.      Hanako-wa tukare-te ori-ta
    Hanako-TOP tired-TE come.down-PAST
    (lit: Hanako came down by tiring)
Example #4:

    b.      Taroo-wa tukare-te Hanako-o oro-s-ita
    Taro-TOP tired-TE Hanako-ACC come.down-CAUS-PAST
    (lit: Taro put Hanako down by tiring)
Example #5:

    c.      Hanako-wa nure-te hie-ta
    Hanako-TOP wet-TE cool-PAST
    "Hanako (`s body) cooled because of getting wet"
Example #6:

    d.      Taroo-wa nure-te Hanako-o hiy-as-ita
    Taro-TOP wet-TE Hanako-o cool-CAUS-PAST
    "Taroo cooled Hanako by getting wet"