The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Jan W. Amtrup, Hamid Mansouri Rad, Karine Megerdoomian and RĆ©mi Zajac (2000). Persian-English Machine Translation.

URL: http://members.cox.net/jamtrup/papers/mccs319.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1794&langcode=pes (2021-09-27).


Example #1:

    jāru       khub mizad
    broom      good was hitting
    "he/she used to sweep well"
Example #2:

    jāru       rā     zad
    broom      OBJ hit
    "he/she hit the broom"
Example #3:

    ketāb syāh rezā                   [pronounced: ketāb-e syāh-e rezā]
    book black Reza
    `Reza's black book'
Example #4:

    niru-ye havā-ye artesh irān
    force-EZ air-EZ army          Iran
    "the air force of the army of Iran"
Example #5:

    sedā-ye pā-ye      man
    sound-ez foot-ez my
    `(the) sound of my footsteps'
Example #6:

    ru-ye miz
    on-ez table
    `on the table'
Example #7:

    (1)       a. bache-hā     panjare rā shekast-and
    child-Plur window Obj break-Past-3pl
    `The children broke the window.'
Example #8:

    b. (mā)    kabāb mi-khor-im
    (we)   kabob Imp-eat-Present/2pl
    `We are eating kabob.'
Example #9:

    (2)      Hushang   be bache-hā       nān dād
    Hushang   to child-Plur bread gave/3sg
    `Hushang gave (some) bread to the children.'
Example #10:

    (3)      Hushang   nān rā be bache-hā dād
    Hushang   bread Obj to child-Plur gave/3sg
    `Hushang gave the bread to the children.'
Example #11:

    (7)      mardom dar khyābān-hā tazāhorāt                      mi-kard-and
    people    in     street-Plur demonstrations          Imp-do-3pl
    `People were demonstrating in the streets.'
Example #12:

    (8)     a. bache-hā      raft-and     (be) manzel
    child-Plur go-Past-3pl (to) home
    `The children went home.'
Example #13:

    b. pākat      rā      gozāsht       ru-ye miz
    envelope Obj put-Past-3sg on-Ez table
    `He/she put the envelope on the table.'
Example #14:

    (9)     mardom ne-mi-khāst-and          (ke) rafsanjāni dar in entekhābāt barande shavad
    people neg-Imp-want-Past/3pl (that) Rafsanjani in these elections winner become-Subj/3sg
    `People didn't want Rafsanjani to win in these elections.'
Example #15:

    (10)    a. bache-hā chi rā shekast-and?
    child-Plur what Obj break-Past-3pl
    `What did the children break?'
Example #16:

    b. ki     panjare rā shekast?
    who window Obj break-Past-3sg
    `Who broke the window?'
Example #17:

    (11)    in     do     tā     ketāb-e   kohne
    this two      CL book-Ez       old
    `These two old books'
Example #18:

    (12)    zan         budan-ash
    woman       be-her
    `her being a woman'
Example #19:

    (13)    koshtan-e          shir
    kill-Ez            lion
    `the killing of a lion'
Example #20:

    (14)    ktab dvst          pdr    daryvsh
    book      friend father Dariush
    `Dariush's father's friend's book'
Example #21:

    (16)      jlsh     kmysyvn       amvr   daxly mjls              ayn kshvr
    meeting committee affairs internal parliament this country
    `The meeting of the Committee on Internal affairs of this country's Parliament'
Example #22:

    (23)    zan-i      ke     injā neshaste ast          hamsar-e    Nāder ast
    woman-Encl that here sit-Part is             spouse-Ez   Nader is
    `The woman that is sitting here is Nader's wife.'
Example #23:

    (24)    ktāb-i      rā ke diruz           kharide budam emruz sobh           tamām kard-am
    book-Encl Obj that yesterday bought was             today morning    finish did-1sg
    `This morning, I finished the book that I had bought yesterday.'
Example #24:

    (25)    mā pesar-ān-i       rā     entekhāb mi-kon-im ke dar jang sherkat   na-karde-and
    we   boy-Plur-Encl Obj choosing Imp-do-1pl that in war participation neg-done-3pl
    `We choose (the) boys that have not participated in the war.'
Example #25:

    tākonun       nāshenāxte mānde bud.
    until now     unknown          remained was
    `Scientists have found a small plaque in the brain that until now had remained u
Example #26:

    (27)    in       bache-hā ke           az ānhā        ādres          mi-porsid-i ...
    this     kid-Plur       that   from them      address        Imp-ask-2sg
    `These kids from whom you asked for the address...'
Example #27:

    (28)    shahr-i       ke dar ān tazāhorāt                  shode       bud ...
    city-Encl     that in     it   demonstrations become was
    `The city in which demonstrations took place...'
Example #28:

    (29)    zan-i            ke       barāy-ash         ketāb kharid-i ...
    woman-Encl that           for-Clitic(3sg)   book    buy-Past-2sg
    `The woman that you bought a book for...'
Example #29:

    (30)    Hushang   be bache-hā       nān dād
    Hushang   to child-Plur bread gave/3sg
    `Hushang gave (some) bread to the children.'
Example #30:

    (31)    Hushang   nān rā be bache-hā dād
    Hushang   bread Obj to child-Plur gave/3sg
    `Hushang gave the bread to the children.'
Example #31:

    (32)    jangande-hā-ye             esraili jonub-e lobnān       rā        bombārān   kard-and
    fighter plane-Plur-Ez      Israeli south-Ez Lebanon Obj           bombing    did-3pl
    `Israeli fighter planes bombed the south of Lebanon.'
Example #32:

    maskuni-e        jonub-e lobnān       ast
    residential-Ez south-Ez Lebanon is(3sg)
    of Lebanon.'
Example #33:

    (34)    a. sarbāz-hā       golesorxi    rā      dar zendān            shekanje         dādand
    soldier-Pl      Golesorkhi Obj in           prison         torture          gave-3pl
    `The soldiers tortured Golesorkhi in prison.'
Example #34:

    b. golesorxi    dar zendān        (be dast-e          sarbāz-hā)      shekanje       did
    Golesorkhi in prison           (to     hand-Ez soldier-Pl)         torture        saw/3sg
    `Golesorkhi was tortured in jail (by the soldiers).'
Example #35:

    (35)    bache-hā       pirmard rā      kotak-esh         zad-and
    child-Plur     old man Obj beating-him           hit-3pl
    `The children beat up the old man.'
Example #36:

    (40)     majnun āsheq-e leyli shod
    Majnun lover-Ez Leyli became
    `Majnun fell in love with Leyli.'
Example #37:

    (41)     shomār-e    bikār-ān          afzāyesh-e shadid-i           yāfte ast
    number-Ez unemployed-Plur increase-Ez intense-Indef found is
    `The number of the unemployed has increased intensely.'
Example #38:

    (42)     englis    xāstār-e     moshārekat-e      rusiye dar hall-e bohrān-e kozovo shod
    England requester-Ez cooperation-Ez Russia in solving crisis-Ez Kosovo became
    `England requested Russia's cooperation in solving the Kosovo crisis.
Example #39:

    (43)    a. vaqti vāred shodam         nader       dāsht jāru         mi-zad
    when enter became-1sg      Nader       had-3sg broom Imp-hit
    `When I entered, Nader   was (in   the process of) sweeping.'
Example #40:

    b. vaqti vāred shodam         nader       dāsht jāru         rā     mi-zad
    when enter became-1sg      Nader       had-3sg broom Obj Imp-hit
    `When I entered, Nader   was (in   the process of) hitting the broom.'
Example #41:

    (44)    a. nader dishab            zamin khord
    Nader last night        floor    eat-Past-3sg
    `Nader fell last night.'
Example #42:

    b. zamin-i rā          ke      nader khord bāvar nakardani bud
    floor-Encl Obj that Nader ate-3sg unbelievable was
    [Not `Nader's fall was unbelievable.']
Example #43:

    (45)    a. tagarg dishab      be baq-e        man     latme zad
    hail    last night to garden-Ez my         damage hit-Past-3sg
    `The hail damaged my garden last night.'
Example #44:

    b. latme-i       rā   ke     tagarg be baq-e        man zad         bāvar nakardani bud
    damage-Encl Obj that hail          to garden-Ez my hit-3sg unbelievable was
    `The damage that the hail caused to my garden was unbelievable.'