The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Katharina Hartmann and Malte Zimmermann (2004). Focus Strategies in Chadic.

URL: http://www.sfb632.uni-potsdam.de/publications/isis01_6hartmann-zimmermann.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 1809&langcode=sur (2021-06-13).


Example #1:

    (11)        war cet a     lua ba a       pupwap kas.          (OBJ-focus)
    3f cook FOC meat NEG FOC fish       NEG
    `She cooked MEAT, not FISH.'
Example #2:

    (16)        mo cet a      cet lua ne ba mo sur(a)sur kas              (V(P)-focus)
    3pl boil FOC boil meat the NEG 3PL fry FOC fry NEG
    `They BOILED the meat, they didn't FRY it.'