ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

HITOSHI SHIRAKI (2004). Anaphors, agreement and case.

URL: http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/publications/WPL/04papers/shiraki.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2068&langcode=swh (2021-09-19).

 

Example #1:

    (51) Juma a-li-m-busu             yeye.
    Juma 3SUBJ-PAST-3OBJ-kiss her.
    "Juma kissed her." (Hoekstra and Dimmendaal 1983, p55)
Example #2:

    (52) Ahmed a-na-m-penda                Halima.
    Ahmed 3SUBJ.SG-PRES-3OBJ -love Halima
    "Ahmed loves Halima." (Vitale 1981, P137)
Example #3:

    (53) Ahmed a-na-ji-penda             mwenyewe
    Ahmed 3SUBJ-PRES-REFL-love himself
    "Ahmed loves himself." (Vitale 1981, p137)
Example #4:

    (57)       Juma a-li-u-fungua
    Juma 3.SUBJ-PST-3OBJ-open
    "Juma opened it" (Vitale 1981, p24)
Example #5:

    (58)       Fatuma a-na-ya-panda
    Fatuma 3SUBJ-PRES-3OBJ-plant
    "Fatuma plants them." (Vitale 1981, p24)
Example #6:

    (59) *Juma a-li-fungua
    Juma 3SUBJ-PST-close
    "Juma closed (something)." (Vitale 1981, p24)
Example #7:

    (60)       Ahmed a-na-ji-penda            mwenyew
    Ahmed 3SUB-PRES-REFL-love himself
    "Ahmed loves himself." (Vitale 1981, p137)
Example #8:

    (61)    Ahmed -na-ji-penda
    Ahmed SUBJ-PRES-REFL-love
    "Ahmed loves himself." (Vitale 1981, p137)
Example #9:

    (60)    Ahmed a-na-ji-penda            mwenyew
    Ahmed 3SUB-PRES-REFL-love himself
    "Ahmed loves himself." (Vitale 1981, p137)