The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Tomic, Olga Miseska (2003). The Balkan Sprachbund properties: An introduction to Topics in Balkan Syntax and Semantics.

URL: http://wwwlot.let.uu.nl/GraduateProgram/LotSchools/Summerschool2003/Tomic.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-02-11).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2131&langcode=ruq (2021-09-26).


Example #1:

    (6)       a.       Profesore!                            (Nom profesor) MR/Ar
Example #2:

    b.       Soro!                                 (Nom sor/)     MR/Ar
Example #3:

    (20)        a.       Petre i                deadi        la                   feata         flor. MR
    Peter 3Sg.Dat.Cl       give.3Sg.Aor to                   girl+the.F.Sg flour
    `Peter gave a flower to the girl.'
Example #4:

    b.       capu                   al      profesoru/maa                   MR
    head+the.M.Sg          of      professor+the.M.Sg/cat+the.F.Sg
    `the head of the professor/the cat'
Example #5:

    c.       picioru         di       masa/una mas                                           MR
    leg+the.M.Sg from table+the.F.Sg/a.F.Sg table
    `the leg of the/a table'
Example #6:

    d       porcu                                                                    MR
    `the pig'
Example #7:

    d       micu                  alb   porc
    small+the.M.Sg        white pig
    `the small white pig'
Example #8:

    floarea/(*un floari)/(*floari) la     feata/(una      feat)/(*feat).
    flower+the/(a flower)/flower to girl+the/(a           girl)/(*girl)
    `Petre has given the flower/a flower/flower to the girl/a girl/girl.'
Example #9:

    b       Iani                     cont.                                      MR
    Iani       Impers.Dat.Cl sing.3Sg
    `Iani is   singing to himself.'
Example #10:

    b.      Po           s-ti/*il                              du/*duca.              MR
    can/may.2Sg Subj.Mark-2/3Sg.Acc.Cl                 go.2/3Sg
    `You can/may go.'
Example #11:

    e.     Nu     ari             di     i       si     ca.      MR
    not    have.Impers from what Subj.Mark catch.3Sg/Pl.Subj
    `There is nothing (s)he/they can hold onto.'
Example #12:

    (63)   a.      Si             vin.                                                MR
    Subj.Mark      come.3Sg/Pl.Subj
    `(S)he/they will come.'
Example #13:

    b.      S-la                           lea.                                MR
    Subj.Mark-3Sg.M.Acc.Cl         take.2Sg
    `You will take it.'
Example #14:

    (66)   Si              vineau               ier.
    Subj.Mark       come.3Pl.Imperf      yesterday
    `(As far as I know) they were to come yesterday.'
Example #15:

    vutau                     dat.
    have.3Sg.Inv.Perf         given.Part
    `(S)he says that (s)he   had given them to you.'
Example #16:

    b.      Vutau                 vizut          vrin feat n drumu. MR
    have.3Sg.Inv.Perf     seen.Part      some girl     in road
    `They had, reportedly, seen some girl on the way.'
Example #17:

    (78)   a.      Tu      fostai                ncrilat!                           MR
    you     be.3Sg.Inv.Perf       clever
    1. `You are clever!' (admiration)
Example #18:

    b.      sh            vutau                 un     mum trei feati.. MR
    Impers.Dat.Cl have.3Sg.Inv.Perf     a.F    mother three girls
    `(Once upon a time) a mother had three daughters ...'