The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Carnie, Andrew (2002). Syntax: A Generative Introduction - Problem Sets.

URL: http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/~gawron/syntax/assignments/ProblemSets.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-02-11).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2136&langcode=pes (2021-09-27).


Example #1:

    c) Jāni goft [ke [S Meryk ketāb rā barāye xod*i/k       bexānad]].
    John said that Mary book rā for              self    read3SG
    "John said that Mary (should) read the book to *himself/herself."
Example #2:

    d) Jāni goft [ke [S Meryk ketāb rā   barāye xod*i/k negahdārad]].
    John said that Mary book rā for            self      keep3SG
    "John said that Mary (should) keep the books for *himself/herself."
Example #3:

    a) Rafti to madrese?
    went you school
    "Did you go to school?"
Example #4:

    b) Bāyad un biyād?
    must he come
    "Must he come?"
Example #5:

    c) Man keyk na-poxtam.
    I     cake not-cooked
    "I did not bake cakes."
Example #6:

    d) Un na-xāhad āmad.
    he not-will come
    "He will not come."
Example #7:

    a)      i)    Man          ruznāme         xarid-am.
    I            newspaper       bought-1SG
    "I bought a newspaper."
Example #8:

    ii)   Simā az           man         ruznāme   xāst.
    Sima from         me          newspaper wanted.3SG
    "Sima wanted a newspaper from me."
Example #9:

    c)      i)    Jiān       man-o          did.
    Jian       I-RĀ           saw.3SG
    "Jian saw me."
Example #10:

    d)      i)    Jiān    in       ketāb-o     xarid.
    Jian    this     book+RĀ     bought.3SG
    "Jian bought this book."
Example #11:

    e)        i)     Jiān     ye     ketāb        xund.
    Jian     a      book         read.3SG
    "Jian read a book."
Example #12:

    ii)    Jiān     ketāb-o          xund.
    Jian     book-RĀ          read/3SG
    "Jian read the book."
Example #13:

    f)        i)     Man     se-tā    qalam xarid-am.
    I       three pen      bought-1SG
    "I bought three pens."
Example #14:

    g)        i)     Jiān     pirhan        xarid.
    Jian    shirt          bought.3SG
    "Jian bought a shirt."
Example #15:

    ii)    Jiān    pirhan-o     xarid.
    Jian    shirt+RĀ     bought.3SG
    "Jian bought the shirt."
Example #16:

    [VP aks - ā -ye hamdigai/*k - ro be modir neshun dād-an]]].
    picture-PL-EZ each other - RĀ to principal sign gave-3PL