The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Victor A. Friedman (1994). Variation.

URL: http://humanities.uchicago.edu/depts/slavic/papers/Friedman-Variation_CLS30.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2147&langcode=als (2021-09-27).


Example #1:

    (1b) Djalit            ia            jap             librin.
    boy-DEF-DAT him-it              give-1SG-PRES book-DEF-ACC
    'I give the boy the book.'
Example #2:

    (4) Atėherė        po       e dredh                    unė njė cigarė.
    then           PROG it roll-1SG-PRES I one cigarette
    'Then I'm rolling a cigarette, too.'
Example #3:

    (8b) Ata         Ų/*e      duan           gati ēdo gjė.
    they        Ų/it      want-3PL-PRES ready each thing
    'They wanted everything ready.'
Example #4:

    (10) Ia                 hipi          kalit.
    it-DAT + it-ACC mount-3SG-AOR horse-DEF-DAT
    'He mounted the horse.'
Example #5:

    (11) I a                dhamė     gazit.
    him-DAT + it-ACC gave-1PL-AOR smile-DEF-DAT
    'We burst into laughter.'
Example #6:

    (19) Ai       ka            qenė      nė     Tiranė.
    He       has-PRES been-PT in            Tirana
    'He   has been in Tirana.'
Example #7:

    (20) Ai       qenka         nė Tiranė.
    he       is-ADM        in Tirana
    'He   is [apparently, supposedly, astoundingly] in Tiranė!'
Example #8:

    (21) Ai       paska                qenė          nė Tiranė.
    he       have-AUX-ADM been-PT               in Tirana
    'He   has been in Tirana [apparently, supposedly, astoundingly]   .'