ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Baker, Mark C. ON THE STRUCTURAL POSITIONS OF THEMES AND GOALS

URL: http://equinox.rutgers.edu/people/faculty/baker/dat-shift-ui-prt.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-15).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 22&langcode=sot (2021-06-15).

 

Example #1:

    (12)   Banana ba-pheh-el-a       `me     nama.
    girls    SP-cook-appl-fv mother meat
    `The girls are cooking my mother meat.'
Example #2:

    (13)   Bashanyana ba-hobel-l-a         morena.
    boys         SP-dance-appl-fv chief
    `The boys are dancing for the chief.'
Example #3:

    (14)   a.   *Lintja li-hol-el-a       nkhono.
    dogs    SP-grow-appl-fv grandma
    `The dogs are growing for my grandma.'
Example #4:

    b.   *Baeti ba-fihl-ets-e         morena.
    visitors SP-arrive-appl-fv chief
    `The visitors have arrived for the chief.'
Example #5:

    (15)   *Nkhono li-hol-el-a         lintja.
    grandma SP-grow-appl-fv dogs
    `The dogs are growing for my grandma.'
Example #6:

    (16)   `Me    o-pheh-ets-o-e        nama
    mother SP-cook-appl-pass-fv meat
    `My mother has been cooked the meat.'
Example #7:

    (25)   a.   *Letebele leo le-hol-el-e         rona.       SESOTHO
    Letelbele that SP-grow-appl-fv us
    `May that Letebele (clan name) grow up for us!'
Example #8:

    b.   Letebele leo le-re-hol-el-e.
    Letelbele that SP-us-grow-appl-fv
    `May that Letebele (clan name) grow up for us!'
Example #9:

    (33)   Nama e-pheh-ets-o-e        `me.
    meat SP-cook-appl-pass-fv mother
    `The meat has been cooked my mother.'
Example #10:

    (40)   a.   *Baeti ba-fihl-ets-e         morena. (=(14b))
    visitors SP-arrive-appl-fv chief
    `The visitors have arrived for the chief.'
Example #11:

    b.   Morena o-fihl-ets-o-e             ke-baeti.
    chief    SP-arrive-appl-pass-fv by-visitors
    `The visitors have arrived for the chief.'
Example #12:

    (44)   a.   *Lintja li-hol-el-a       nkhono. UNACCUSATIVE VERB
    dogs    SP-grow-appl-fv grandma
    `The dogs are growing for my grandma.'
Example #13:

    b.   Nama e-pheh-ets-o-e        `me. PASSIVE VERB
    meat SP-cook-appl-pass-fv mother
    `The meat has been cooked my mother.'
Example #14:

    (i) a .   *Ngoana o-kul-el-a              Lineo.                 SESOTHO
    child      SP-be.ill-appl-fv Lineo
    `The child is ill on Lineo.' (Lineo is adversely affected)
Example #15:

    b.   Ntate o-kul-el-a            sepetlele.
    father SP-be.ill-appl-fv hospital
    `My father is ill in the hospital.'
Example #16:

    (i) a.    *Ngoana o-kul-el-a            Lineo.                SESOTHO
    child     SP-be.ill-appl-fv Lineo
    `The child is ill on Lineo.' (Lineo is adversely affected)
Example #17:

    b.   Ntate o-kul-el-a           sepetlele.
    father SP-be.ill-appl-fv hospital
    `My father is ill in the hospital.'