ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Peter Cole and Gabriella Hermon (1998). Subject and Nonsubject Relativization in Indonesian*.

URL: http://www.ling.udel.edu/gaby/RC%20related%20(Gaby,%20Yassir)/papers%20on%20RCs/cole.hermon.IndRC%202002.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2325&langcode=ind (2021-09-27).

 

Example #1:

    (1) [NP Perempuan [CP yang t pergi] itu]        menangis.
    girl         that leave      that   meN-cry
    `That girl who left is crying.'
Example #2:

    (2) Dia me-lihat perempuan itu.
    he meN-see woman             that
    'He sees that woman.'
Example #3:

    (3) *[Perempuan [yang dia me-lihat t] itu] menangis.
    woman         that he meN-see      that cry
    'That woman that he saw cried.'
Example #4:

    (4) [Perempuan [yang dia lihat] itu] menangis.
    woman        that he see that        cry
    'That woman that he saw cried.'
Example #5:

    (6) Anjing itu di-lihat (oleh) Budi.
    dog that passive-see by Budi
    `The dog was seen by Budi.'
Example #6:

    (7) *Anjing itu (oleh) Budi dilihat.
    dog that by     Budi passive-see
    'The dog was seen by Budi.'
Example #7:

    (8) Anak itu kami hukum.
    child that we       punish
    `The child was punished by us.'
Example #8:

    (9) ??Anak itu bapak hukum.
    child that father punish
    'The child was punished by father.'
Example #9:

    (10)     a. Buku ini tidak akan kami baca.
    book this not    will we    read
    `This book will not be read by us.'
Example #10:

    b. *Buku ini kami tidak akan baca.
    book this we     not    will read
    'This book will not be read by us.'
Example #11:

    c. *Buku ini tidak kami akan baca.
    Book this not we        will read.
    'This book will not be read by us.'
Example #12:

    (11) Orang yang Ali jemput adalah adiknya.
    person that Ali pick up is     brother his
    'The person that Ali picked up is his brother.'
Example #13:

    (12) Orang yang polisi tangkap di pasar telah mencuri tas.
    person that police arrest     in market already steal purse
    'The man that the police arrested in the market had stolen a purse.'
Example #14:

    (13) a. ??Orang itu Ali jemput.
    man that Ali pick up
    'That man was picked up by Ali.'
Example #15:

    b. Orang itu kami jemput.
    man that we pick up
    'That man was picked up by us.
Example #16:

    (14) a. ??Orang itu polisi tangkap di pasar.
    man that police arrest   in market
    'That man was arrested by the police in the market.'
Example #17:

    b. Orang itu kami tangkap di pasar.
    man that we        arrest   in market
    'That man was arrested by us in the market.'
Example #18:

    (15) [Buku [yang Budi tidak akan baca]] sangat menarik.
    book     that Budi not    will read very     interesting
    `The book that Budi will not read is very interesting.'
Example #19:

    (16) Anak [yang Wati tidak pukuli] itu menangis.
    child that Wati not hit          that cry
    'The child that Wati didn't hit is crying.'
Example #20:

    (17) a. *Buku itu dia tidak akan baca.
    book that he not will read
    'The book will not be read by him.'
Example #21:

    b. Buku itu tidak akan dia baca.
    book that not will    he read
    'The book will not be read by him.'
Example #22:

    (18) a. *Anak itu kami tidak sedang jemput.
    child that we not prog         pick up
    'The child is not being picked up by us.'
Example #23:

    b. Anak itu tidak sedang kami jemput.
    child that not prog       we     pick up
    'The child is not being picked up by us.'
Example #24:

    (19) Dia tidak akan membaca buku itu.
    he not   will meN-read book that
    'He will not read that book.'
Example #25:

    (20) Kami tidak sedang menjemput anak itu.
    we      not prog    meN-pick up child that
    'We are not picking up that child.'
Example #26:

    (21) Saya ingin buku ini banget.
    I   want book this really
    'I really want this book.'
Example #27:

    (22) Saya percayai tetangga kami.
    I       trust    neighbor our
    'I trust our neighbor.'
Example #28:

    (24) *Tetangga kami saya percayai.
    neighbor our I      trust
    'Our neighbor is trusted by us.'
Example #29:

    (25) Buku yang kami ingin banget terlalu mahal.
    book that we         want really too         expensive
    'The book that we really want is too expensive.'
Example #30:

    (26) Tetangga kami yang saya percayai mencuri mobil saya.
    neighbor our that       I   trust       steal     car    our
    'Our neighbor that I trusted stole my car.'
Example #31:

    Kami me-milih        dua durian kemarin.
    we meN-choose two durian yesterday
    'We chose two durians yesterday.'
Example #32:

    *Dua durian kami pilih.
    one    durian we      choose
    'Two durians were chosen by us.'
Example #33:

    Durian itu kami pilih.
    durian that we    choose
    'That durian was chosen by us.'
Example #34:

    (28) Saya mau beli [dua durian [yang saya pilih]].
    I    want buy     two durian that I       choose
    'I want to buy two durians that I pick out.'
Example #35:

    (29) *[Buku [yang Wati menulis t]] ada di atas meja itu.
    book    that Wati meN-write is      on top table that
    `The book that Wati wrote is on the table.'
Example #36:

    (30) [Buku [yang Wati tulis t]] ada di atas meja itu.
    book    that Wati write    is   on top table that
    `The book that Wati wrote is on the table.'
Example #37:

    (33) a. Orang yang menulis buku itu terkenal.
    man     that write     book that famous
    'The man that wrote that book is famous.'
Example #38:

    b. *[Buku [OPi yang [orang OPj [yang tj tulis ti terkenal]]]] ada di atas meja.
    book        that person      that      write famous         is   on top table
    'The book that the man that wrote is famous is on the table.'
Example #39:

    (34) a. [Ali beli mobil] bikin saya marah.
    Ali buy car     make me angry
    'That Ali bought a car made me angry.'
Example #40:

    b. *[NP Mobil [CP OP yang [CP Ali beli t     ]   bikin saya marah]] rusak.
    car           that      Ali buy         make me angry broke down
    'The car that that Ali bought made me angry broke down.'
Example #41:

    (35) a. Ali tidak naik bis [karena dia baru membeli mobil].
    Ali not    take bus because he recently buy     car
    'Ali did not take the bus because he recently bought a car.'
Example #42:

    b. *[Mobil [ OP yang Ali tidak naik bis [karena dia beli t]] rusak.
    car          that Ali not     take bus because he buy broke down
    'The car that Ali did not take a bus because he bought broke down.'
Example #43:

    (36) a. Ali tanya [di mana Wati membeli mobil].
    Ali ask at where Wati buy         car
    'Ali asked where Wati bought a car.'
Example #44:

    b. *[Mobil [ OP yang Ali tanya [di mana Wati beli t]]] rusak.
    car         that   Ali ask   at where Wati buy broke down
    'The car that Ali asked where Wati bought broke down.'
Example #45:

    (48) a. Saya tinggal di rumah ini.
    I      live     in house this
    `I live in this house'
Example #46:

    b. Fatimah pergi karena dia capai.
    Fatimah left because she tired
    'Fatimah left because she was tired.'
Example #47:

    c. Saya datang dari Singapura.
    I          come from Singapore
    'I come from Singapore.'
Example #48:

    (49) a. *[Rumah [yang saya tinggal (di) t]] besar.
    house         that   I   live     (di)    big
    `The house in which he lives is big.'
Example #49:

    b. *[Alasan [yang Fatimah pergi t]] adalah karena dia capai.
    reason that Fatimah left             is      because she tired
    'The reason that Fatimah left was that she was tired.'
Example #50:

    c. *[Tempat [yang saya datang (dari) t]] adalah Singapura.
    place     that I       come       from     is     Singapore
    'The place that I come from is Singapore.'
Example #51:

    (50) a. [Tempat [di mana Fatimah tinggal t]] adalah Singapura.
    place at where Fatimah live             is     Singapore
    'The place where Fatimah lives is Singapore.'
Example #52:

    b. [Alasan [kenapa Fatimah pergi t]] adalah karena dia capai.
    reason why       Fatimah left       is         because she tired
    'The reason Fatimah left is because she was tired.'
Example #53:

    c. [Tempat [dari mana saya datang t]] adalah Singapura.
    place    from where I       come         is      Singapore
    'The place I come from is Singapore.'
Example #54:

    Ibu    saya memasak makanan ini.
    mother I meN-cook food            this
    'My mother cooked this food.'
Example #55:

    Makanan ini       dimasak      ibu saya.
    food      this passive-cook mother I
    'This food was cooked by my mother.
Example #56:

    [Makanani [yang ti dimasak ti            ibu saya]] enak sekali.
    food         that    passive-cook mother I delicious very
    'The food that was cooked by my mother was very delicious.'
Example #57:

    *[Orangj [yang makanani ini dimasak ti tj ]] adalah ibu saya.
    person that food            this passive-cook         is   mother I
    'The person that this food was cooked by is my mother.'
Example #58:

    f. [Orang [yang t memasak makanan ini]] adalah ibu saya.
    person that          cook      food      this        is mother I
    'The person that cooked this food is my mother.'
Example #59:

    Saya membelikan buku untuk adik saya.
    I meN-buy-KAN book for brother I
    'I bought a book for my brother.'
Example #60:

    Saya membelikan adik saya buku.
    I meN-buy-KAN brother I book
    'I bought my brother a book.'
Example #61:

    [Buku [yang saya belikan t untuk adik saya]] ada di atas meja itu.
    book that I      buy-KAN for brother I          is at top table that
    'The book that I bought for my brother is on the table.'
Example #62:

    *[Buku [yang saya belikan t adik     saya]] ada di atas meja itu.
    book that I       buy-KAN brother I          is at top table that
    'The book that I bought my brother is on the table.'
Example #63:

    Saya menulisi ibu saya surat.
    I meN-write-I mother I letter
    'I wrote my mother a letter.'
Example #64:

    *[Surat [yang saya tulis-i t ibu saya]] ada di atas maja itu.
    letter that   I    write-I mother I    is     at top table that
    'The letter that I wrote my mother is on the table.'