The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Charles Randriamasimanana (2000). Malagasy Clause Structure.

URL: http://folk.uio.no/janengh/gassisk/MCScr.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2370&langcode=plt (2021-06-22).


Example #1:

    (4)     N-andidy mofo i Paoly.
    Past-cut bread art Paul
    `Paul cut bread.'
Example #2:

    (5)     N-andeha i Paoly.
    Past-go art Paul
    `Paul went to Antsirabe.'
Example #3:

    (6)a.   -any        Antsirabe i Paoly.
    Nonperf-at Antsirabe art Paul
    `Paul is at Antsirabe.'
Example #4:

    (7)     N-andeha t-any       Antsirabe i Paoly.
    Past-go perf-at/to Antsirabe art paul
    `Paul went to Antsirabe.'
Example #5:

    (10)    Ity savony ity no -anasan-dRasoa              lamba.
    this soap this part pres-wash-passive-by R clothes
    `It is with this soap that Rasoa is washing clothes.'
Example #6:

    b.   *Ao an-tsinibe no m-androtsaka ny rano i Soa.
    into the big.jar part pres-pour the water art Soa
    `It is into the big jar that Soa pours the water.'
Example #7:

    (15) N-andeha t-any Antsirabe i Paoly.
    Past-go perf-to Antsirabe art Paul
    'Paul went to Antsirabe.'
Example #8:

    (16)     (N-andeha) n-ank-any            Antsirabe i Paoly.
    (Past-go) past-move-to          Antsirabe art Paul
    `Paul went to Antsirabe.'
Example #9:

    (18)   N-amono          tsy n-aha-faty         i Paoly.
    Past-kill        not past-cause-dead art. Paul
    (someone), but did not manage to.'
Example #10:

    (21)   M-angataka anao aho [h-itondra ity any amin-dR...]
    Pres-ask    you I [fut-take this to Rama EC]
    "I am asking you to take this to Rama."
Example #11:

    (23)    H-andeha i Jeanne.
    Fut-go art. Jeanne
    `Jeanne will go.'
Example #12:

    (24)    H-andeha Empty.
    Fut-go Subject
    `....will go.'
Example #13:

    (25)    I Jeanne       h-andeha.
    Art Jeanne     fut-go
    `Jeanne will go.'
Example #14:

    (26)    M-ihevitra azy ho m-ahay              --- i Paoly.
    pres-think him comp pres-intelligent --- deic Paul
    "Paul considers himself intelligent."
Example #15:

    vaovao ] aho
    new     I I
    `I presented rice to the guest on the new dishes.'