The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Lin, Jimmy (2004). Event Structure and the Encoding of Arguments: The Syntax of the Mandarin and English Verb.

URL: http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/dm/theses/lin04.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2382&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    a. John-ga kodomo-o nak-asi-ta
    John-Nom child-Acc cry-Cause-Past
    `John made the child cry.'
Example #2:

    b. watashi-wa keeki-o tabeta        dakedo keeki-wa mada nokotteiru
    I-Nom         cake-Acc ate-Perf but       cake-Nom still remains
    `I ate the cake but some of it still remains.' (Japanese)
Example #3:

    intended: `I ate the cake but some of it still remains.' (Japanese)