ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

RUMIKO SHINZATO (2002). Cognition, epistemic scale, and functions of the Old Japanese question particle ka1.

URL: https://www.degruyter.de/journals/linguistics/2002/pdf/40_553.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2585&langcode=ojp (2021-06-13).

 

Example #1:

    (1)   Wa ga futari ne-shi
    we S two sleep-Past
    `We slept together' ( 109 ) .
Example #2:

    ( 2 ) Hitori ka nu-ramu
    alone Q sleep-Inf.
    `I wonder if (my husband ) is sleeping alone' ( 59 ) .
Example #3:

    ( 3 ) Shirushi-naki kohi mo suru ka
    fruit-less     love KP do Q
    `Do I love ( her) fruitlessly!' ( 2599 ) .
Example #4:

    made ni ka toshi no he-nu-ramu.
    long      Q time S pass-Perf.-Inf.
    branch of a pine tree by the beach where white waves (washed ) '
Example #5:

    kumo ha imo ni ka ara-mu.
    clouds T maiden Q be-Inf.
    she' ( 428 ) .
Example #6:

    matsubara itsu ka shimesa-mu.
    pines          when Q show-Inf.
    her Mt. Nasugi and pines at Tsuno' ( 279 ) .
Example #7:

    omohahe-naku ni.
    expect-not           though
    `All of a sudden was I appointed, though I never expected it!' ( 4389 ) .
Example #8:

    are-taru          ka hisa ni ara-naku-ni
    desolate-Perf. Q long time be-not-though
    I last visited ) ' ( 232 ) .
Example #9:

    no wo no tayuraku omohe-ba
    of knots S broke             think-when
    think about the knots we tied having been broken . . .' ( 1321 ) .
Example #10:

    shiri-te    ka a ga kohi-zara-mu.
    know-Perf. Q I S miss-not-Inf.
    not knowing when we will meet ) ' ( 140 ) .
Example #11:

    hitori nagaki yo wo          ne-mu.
    alone long night through sleep-Inf.
    be) ' ( 462 ) .8
Example #12:

    shi omoha-ba nani ka nageka-mu.
    EP think-if      what Q languish-Inf.
    should I lament? ( I wouldn't lament anything ) ' ( 3249 ) .
Example #13:

    ogawa wo ikite mi-mu tame.
    river O go see-Inf. for
    `Isn't my life also not eternal! ( I wish it were) for going to see the
Example #14:

    tadusahi-ikite        taguhite ora-mu.
    hand-in-hand-go together live-Inf.
    pily) ' ( 728 ) .
Example #15:

    miyu                    beku
    be able to be seen should
    Hill' ( 1887 ) ,
Example #16:

    ka ki-kemu          uma tsukara-shi ni
    Q come-Past Inf. horse tired-make to
    why did I come here? To make my horse tired?' ( 164 ) .
Example #17:

    ahisome-kemu           toge-zara-maku        ni
    fall in love-Past Inf. accomplish-not-future any way
    I would never be able to pursue my love, anyway' ( 612 ) .
Example #18:

    toki mo naku kofuraku omohe-ba
    time KP not long for think-when
    fully) ' ( 1907 ) .