The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Anthony Kroch (2005). Linguistics 550 Midterm.

URL: http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~kroch/courses/lx550/lx550-midterm-05.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2611&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    (8)   Sensei ga     kodomo o      sikat-ta.
    teacher NOM child     ACC scold-PST
    "The teacher scolded the child."
Example #2:

    (9)   Ame ga       hut-ta.
    rain NOM fall-PST
    "Rain fell."
Example #3:

    (10)   Kodomo ga      sensei ni    sika-rare-ta.
    child    NOM teacher DAT scold-??-ta.
    "The child was scolded by the teacher."
Example #4:

    (11)   John ga     ame ni   hur-are-ta.
    John NOM rain DAT fall-??-PST
    "Rain fell on John."
Example #5:

    (13)   John wa Mary ni      hon o      yom-(s)ase-ru.
    John TOP Mary DAT book ACC read-??-will.
    "John will make Mary read a book."